The Effect Of Divorce On Child Education In Some Selected Secondary School In Egor Local Government Of Edo State 

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The Effect Of Divorce On Child Education In Some Selected Secondary School In Egor Local Government Of Edo State


Abstract


This study is based on the effect of divorce on child education in some selected secondary school in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. This study was carried out in five selected secondary school in the study area. Chapter one comprised of introduction and background of study. The study also described the statement of problem, research questions, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitations of study, and definition of terms. Chapter two is concerned with review of related literatures, chapter three described research design, population of study, sample of study, sampling techniques adopted, instrument, validity of instrument, method of data collection and analysis. Chapter four based on data analysis hence, the data collected from the respondents were analyzed. Finally chapter five dealt on summary, conclusion, recommendation and suggestions for further studies.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

In the past, marriage was a matter within the clan and its environs, parents were not anxious to see their getting married to girls from distance places or other tribes., marriage was arranged by parents on basic of family friendship[ scarcely of an ancient time, it was also very rate because of its penalties proven in fear of offending the elders of both families. There are four clearly defined types of marriages. Those performed at the church, those performed at the mosque are marriages contracted according to native law and customs of any ethnic group. The purpose of marriage is to have children and establish a family, when these children eventually arrive they are regarded as blessing from God and are social and economic assets to the parents. The family, this needs a home to live and feel secured. Therefore, a home is a place where a family lives and also a place where the children’s attitude are monitored and be secured.

A home is palce which provides all individual needs in order to fit into the society successfully. It provides food, psychological, mentally and spiritual development of its members. A home provides mutual understanding and good planning which is able to meet its goals. A home where mutual understanding is lacking that home is bound crack and fissure in all direction and it will lead to broken homes. Therefore, broken homes is a situation where either the father or the mother cease to be mention but a few.

Divorce therefore, can be defined to be a personal misfortune for either of the spouse in any society, but is a universal escape for the inevitable tension of marriage, divorce as a matter of fact is a strong bound that breach two united individual or family. Marriage is a big step in life in which a person plans as a career or business, certainly you either fail or succeed. This bond dissolution is as a result of extra merit practiced by the partners in early marriage, a situation where either the spouse is not ripe enough for marriage before getting married. The proper upbringing of children is a very important task for the family than the happiness of the parents, this is because the early life of the child are the formation of personality and these are the years that are spent mainly in association with parents and siblings in the family. The home forms the basis of personality development which accompanies the individual throughout his/her life. As a result of broken home or divorce children fails to develop ties to one or few important persons in the family and when these ties are disrupted, the children are taught imparted in developing classes relationship in adulthood, they feel better and caring as a happy person and at the same cannot concentrate on anything taught at school.

When a mother is out of a home, leaving the children under charity and mercy of step mothers, these children are prone to many problems such as poor feed, negligence not inspired to study or learn, diseases and sickness emotional disturbances (fear of insecurity) as such they marriage to be successful. There is the need for the couples to be in harmony mentally, and spiritually in other works of life, the husband and the wife must have a common goal and each has to contribute his or her quota towards its fulfillment and the key ward should be own.


1.2 Statement of Problem

There are many problems with single parenting or broken homes which at the long run reflect on the performance of children in schools. Some of these problems are;

  1. Meeting of a gap on the children’s existence because there is no adult to guide and direct their behavior and desires as children learn by imitation.
  2. There is increase in domestic work and redistribution of household chores, which leaves the children with little or no time for their studies
  3. Also, it has been observed that children from broken homes suffer some other problems such as non-provision of some basic material needs like non-provision of some basic materials needs like food, clothing and learning material
  4. In security, step parent do not show much love and affection to their step children. Thus, these children suffer from mental retardation, personality improvement and are always miserable. They show behavioral responses like lying, stealing, building and playing truant in school.

In view of this, the researcher is forced to wonder whether extra-relationship and financial problem could lead to broken home, and if broken homes, are they causes of decrease in the performance of children in schools. In that, a closer look at the turn out of secondary school graduates.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects that divorce has on student’s academic performance and their role in minimizing those effects.


1.4 Objectives of the Study

The objectives were to:

  1. Examine secondary school teachers’ perceptions on the effects divorces on student’s academic performance.
  2. Explore the perception of students in divorces and the effects of their status on their academic performance
  3. Explore community members’ views on their role in the effects of divorce on students’ academic performance.

1.5 Research Questions

This study was guided by the following research questions:

  1. What are the teachers’ perceptions on the effects of divorce to student’s academic performance?
  2. What are student’s perceptions on the effects of divorce to their academic performance?
  3. What are the perceptions of the community members on their role in minimizing the effects of divorces on student’s academic performance?

1.6 Significance of Study

It is hoped that findings from this study will enrich programmes of teaching social studies. The researcher is interested in the study of effect of single parenting on the performance of students in schools because whatever happens in the home has a bearing in the academic performance of students. It is necessary to educate the young stars who are yet unmarried about the problems and causes of single parenting and their consequences on the students. It will also make young stars to decimate their parents. Findings from this study will aid students from parent who have being thought single parenting in the understanding of problem experienced by their parents and give them assurance about their future.


1.7 Definition Of Terms

Family:

A group of persons, two or more related by blood, marriage or adoption residing together; all such persons are considered as members of one family

Marriage:

Union of man woman as husband and wife.

Couple:

Two persons seen together as husband and wife.

Divorce:

Put an end to a marriage by law.

Infidelity:

Disloyalty or unfaithfulness of husband or wife sexually outside matrimonial homes.


Chapter Five


Summary of Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations

5.0 Summary of Findings

This study sought to investigate the perceptions of teachers, students and the community members on the effects that divorce have on student’s academic performance.

Specifically the study sought to:

  1. Examine secondary school teachers’ perceptions on the effects divorces on student’s academic performance.
  2. Explore the perception of students in divorces and the effects of their status on their academic performance.
  3. Explore community members’ views on their role in the effects of divorce on students’ academic performance.

Chapter 1 concentrated on exploration of the concept of divorce and its effects on students. Chapter 2 dwelt more on the literatures and studies on the effects of divorces on student’s academic performance. It also reviewed the literature on the perceptions of students on the effects of divorces on their life and the role of community in minimizing the effects of divorces on students. Chapter 3, research methodology presented the research design for this study. This is mixed method design where quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed. Chapter 4 is confined in data presentation and analysis.

The following findings were revealed by this study:

There are two opposing sides on the negative effect of divorce on student’s academic performance. These opposing sides could be explained as an influence of the media, the church and the school, which see marriage as a norm, where two parents are supposed to live together and rear their students and broken one are going against the norm. Literature consistently shows that divorce has negative effects on student’s growth physically and psychologically but it is silent on positive effects of divorce on student’s development. Although there are those who believe a divorce is better than exposing students to adult violence, they also believe that marriage is a good thing for nurturing the family, regardless of other gender-based exploitation. students who have experienced violence feel better when the marriage eventually is broken, but they suffer negative identification as developing bad manners due to lack of one figure, father or mother.

These findings have further shown that community members perceive themselves as with a role to ensure the welfare of the students from divorce although this role vary. There were those who felt they are responsible because they are Africans, and those who thought they have a role to play because of religious teachings. This concurs with the literature reviewed in chapter two as well as other literature referred to in chapter five under discussion. It was also noted that students were not informed by their parents on the prospects of separation.

Based on these findings, however, it cannot be confirmed with certainty that students from broken homes are worse off than those from intact marriage because some may be experiencing violence, which has more negative effect than living peacefully with one parent. All in all, parents need to ensure the safety of their students whether they are in marriage or outside of it for a simple reason that students need to be brought up in peaceful environment if we want to have an upright future generation.


5.1 Recommendations

5.1.1 Recommendations for Action

On the bases of the results obtained in the research and the literature reviewed, the following are recommended.

  1. The community members including teachers, neighbors and all students lovers should make it their responsibility for all the students regardless of being their biological parents.
  2. Schools at all levels should have a strong guidance and counseling unit to help all the students in need of special attention.
  3. The Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (MoEVT) in collaboration with Universities and religious organizations should work together and develop training programme on love, marriage and care for parents in order to educate the society on the importance of love and family care for healthy families, communities and society in general.

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