The Effect Of Denominational Practices On The Growth Of The Church

Project and Seminar Material for Theology

The Effect Of Denominational Practices On The Growth Of The Church


Abstract


The study on the effect of denominational practices on the growth of the churches tries to find out ifdenominational practices have significant effect on church growth; the study also tries to identify the different denominations in Nigeria and their impact on churches; the study tries also to know whether denominational practices contribute to church growth.

Primary data was used for the purpose of the study with a sample size of 60 respondents; the study concluded that denominational practices have significant effect on church growth. The study made of spearman correlation to analysis the hypothesis. The study therefore concluded that denominational practices have significant effect on church growth and proper recommendations were made to assist in decision making and for further studies.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background Of The Study
  • 1.2 Statement Of Problem
  • 1.3 Objective Of The Study
  • 1.4 Research Hypotheses
  • 1.5 Significance Of The Study
  • 1.6 Scope And Limitation Of The Study
  • 1.7 Definition Of Terms
  • 1.8 Organization Of The Study

Chapter Two

Review Of Related Literature

  • 2.1 Denomination
  • 2.2 The Birth Of The Church
  • 2.3 The Spread Of Christianity
  • 2.4 The Congregational Context
  • 2.5 Church Participation Measures
  • 2.6 Denominational Affiliation Measures
  • 2.7 Denominational Doctrine And Governance
  • 2.8 Church Growth

Chapter Three

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research design
  • 3.2 Sources of data collection
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sample and sampling procedure
  • 3.5 Instrument for data collection
  • 3.6 Validation of the research instrument
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

Presentation Analysis Interpretation Of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Data Analysis
  • 4.3 Test Of Hypotheses
  • 4.4 Test Of Hypothesis Two

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • References

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Christianity in Nigeria dates back to the 16th century when the Portuguese introduced Latin Christianity in Benin and Warri. Looking at Christianity from that early beginning to the present time, many stages of development had taken place resulting to the planting and growth of churches.

The period of denominationalism and missionary activities started from 1840 when missionary bodies set up in Europe and America in the 18th century6 succeeded in converting Nigerians to Christianity and opened permanent mission stations among the people. The period was just after the abolition of the slave trade; the abolition of slave trade stimulated a fresh religious enthusiasm among the Europeans and Americans.

With the support of the missionary bodies, โ€œThe freed slaves in places like Sierra Leone and Abeokuta encouraged missionary enterprises. This was a period of denominationalism when many churches from the British Isles and America sent missionaries to the coast and interior of Nigeria. The Anglicans under the Church Missionary Society (CMS), were the first but the Niger Expedition in which they came in 1841 failed.

However, the first successful penetration of Christian mission into the interior of Nigeria was made in 1842, when the Wesleyan Methodists on the invitation of the freed slaves who had settled at Badagry and Abeokuta, sent Rev. Thomas Birch Freeman and an assistant William de craft and his wife from the Gold Coast (Ghana) to Badagry and some months later Henry Townsend to Abeokuta.

In the more southern part of the country, on the Cross River in the old slave-trading town of Calabar, the Presbyterians sent Rev. Hope Masterton Wadded accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Edgerl A. Chishalm and E. Miller, who arrived in Calabar in April 1846, to establish the church of Scotland Mission. Their work was very successful because a Presbytery, the Presbytery of Biafra, was created in 1858.

The American Baptist Mission began work in Nigeria in 1850. The Rev. Thomas J. Bowen, the Pioneer Missionary, established stations at Ijaiye and Ogbomoso. The Roman Catholicism, through the Society of the African Missions, came in 1862. The ex-slaves were organized and stations established in Lagos and Abeokuta. When the Italian Priest, Father Broghero, visited Lagos in 1863, there was a catholic church in Yorubaland. The Holy Ghose Fathers started work among the Igbo of Eastern Nigeria in 1885 through Father Joseph Lutz working at Onitsha. Samuel A. Bill started the Qua Iboe Mission in the Qua Iboe River area from 1887, though it was not until 1891 that the Qua Iboe church was established as an Independent evangelical and interdenominational body.

Mission work in Northern Nigerian started in 1893 through Rolland Bingham, Walter Gowans, and Thomas Kent in 1904, the Sudan United Mission (SUM) joined the Sudan Interior Mission (SIM) in the mission work in the North, concentrating in the regions of Adamawa, Benue and Bornu.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

It is to be noted that this period was characterized by missionaries activities being based on denominations and limited to the Southern part of the country. The missionaries who came were trained and really prepared, though many were swallowed up by the climate.

The language barrier that had existed was reduced to the minimum by the use of interpreters and the missionaries themselves learning the language; Trained Nigerian Ministers started to emerge; churches and later schools and hospitals were erected. More importantly, baptism was administered to the converts as an indelible mark for the new faith they had embraced and the old ways they had forsaken.


1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The study sought to know the effect of denominational practices on the growth of the church.Specifically, the study sought to;

  1. Know whether denominational practices have significant effect on church growth.
  2. Identify the different denominations in Nigeria and their impact on churches.
  3. Know whether denominational practices contribute to church growth.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. Does denominational practices have significant effect on church growth?
  2. What are the different denominations in Nigeria and their impact on church growth?
  3. How has denominational practice contributed to the growth of the church?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

  • Ho: Denominational practices have no significant effect on church growth.
  • Ho1: Denominational practices have significant effect on church growth.

1.6 Significance Of The Study

This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this topic and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their work.


1.7 Scope / Limitations Of The Study

This study is on the effect of denominational practices on the growth of the church.


Limitations Of Study

Financial constraint

– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint

– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Denomination:

A religious denomination is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity. The term describes various Christian denominations (for example, Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and the many varieties of Protestantism).

Church Growth:

Is a movement within evangelical Christianity which aims to develop methods to grow churches based on business marketing strategies.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the effect of denominational practices on the growth of the church

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of the effect of denominational practices on the growth of the church


5.2 Summary

This study was on the effect of denominational practices on the growth of the church. Three objectives were raised which included: Know whether denominational practices have significant effect on church growth, to determine whether denominational practices bring unity to Christianity, to ascertain the relationship between denominational practices and church growth. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 members of selected churches in Ido local government of Enugu State. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up pastors,elders, women and youths were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

Numerous Christian denominations bring different practices in Christianity which affects the unity of the Christians.


5.4 Recommendation

The researcher hereby recommends that since Christianity is full of denominations and they are using one bible they should believe in God not human ideology


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