Effect Of Cultism On Academic Performance: A Case Study Of Some Selected Tertiary Institution In Edo State
This study focus on effect of cultism in academic performance of students in tertiary institution. In carryout the study, a questionnaire was designed and administered to both the students and staff (academic and non-academic) in College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin. The data collection were analyzed and interpreted. It was observed that power, security, wealth, parents, peer group and among others are the major factors that influence the growth of cultism in schools. In the light of the finding recommendations were proffered, in the hope that if carefully considered and implemented by concerned individual and organization and bodies that would help in reducing cultism in schools.
1.1 Background for the Study
Cultism is the state where persons are bound together with a common belief or course usually through rituals. According to the oxford dictionary of English the word “cult” means a system of worship usually expressed through ritual. Form this definition, cult which is now properly known as confraternities, hence assumed a monstrous feature in our institution of higher learning. To give end therefore, out various campuses which were hitherto a mode of intellectual quest citadels of violence and terrorism. Cultism which started in the late 50s, but the first (secret) cult in our institution was the sea dog popularity known as (pirates). It was formed by seven men gang men then, led by professor Wole Soyinka of the then university, college, Ibadan in 1952, there was nothing secret then here it was merely introduced. The main motive is to move the country forward and to fight against oppression by the colonial masters the “motto” says one thing we all agreed as that, there world not be any room for colonial mentality in the club. According Ehigie (2007) stated that there are some major reasons why student join secret cult activities.
Many ignorant students join one secret cult or the other all in the name of being protected by the cult leaders who cannot even protect themselves.
Many students join cult because they want to know where ever they are because of their ever activities.
Some other students believed that as a cultist they have gain superiority over the non cultist (Jews).
Access to girls:
Many boys think that cultist at trust girls and there will be no scarcity of girl friends for the cultist. Verse versa.
But today cult’s activities have change from it original plans. It is now a saying that cultist’s activities are all evil and satanic and the youths who are future leaders of this nation be the one involved in this activities (cult). If cultism is playing our citadels of learning of learning, where the mind and character of our youths be being sharpened for good, then the very foundation of an national development is shaky. This study therefore is to examine the effect of cultism on academic performances of students in selected tertiary institution in Edo State, Nigeria.
1.2 Statement of Problem
The fundamental problem of cultism is the uncertain and unsafe atmosphere in our cam across the strata of the society have complained that standard of education in allergies is falling very fast especially in our higher institutions of learning, there is of the fact that the problem caused by cultism are very many and deadly. Any time the struck there is always tension amongst the student’s population as it leads to insecurity of life and properties. Cultism has send people to their early grave and many other disabled for life.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
- To find out the actual cause of students involvement in cultism.
- Identify the effect, of cultism academic performance of students in selected tertiary institutions.
- It is to known how cultist to be aware of the danger of being a cult member.
- It is to draw government attention on how to find a lasting solution to the problem of cultism.
1.4 Research Question
- Do cult activities disrupt the academic calendar in higher institution?
- Does campus cultism lead to violence and loss of lives to the extent that standard of education in Nigeria has been negatively affected?
- Has there been any reaction of government towards cultism in higher institution?
- Is there any establishment of functional guidance and counselling department in tertiary institutions?
Ho1: There was a significant relationship between students’ Cultism and their academic performance.
1.6 Significance of the Study
All research works are aimed at finding solution to already existing problem. This study will help to expose the public to the current situation of cultism in our schools and society at large. However, this study will help to identify other areas of research interest.
1.7 Scope of the Study
Many authors have written a lot in effect of cultism on academic performance of students in some selected tertiary institution. But this study is limited to college of education Ekiadolor and some other institution Nigeria.
Conclusions, Recommendations and Summary
5.1 Summary of the Study
The study was on the relationship among Cultism and academic performance of students in college of education Ekiadolor, Edo State Nigeria.
The researcher discovered that in-school adolescent are found loitering about when lesson is going and watching film at video centre. It is this act that necessitated the present study in investigating relationship among Cultism, and academic performance of students in college of education Ekiadolor, Edo State, Nigeria.
The purpose of the study generally was to investigate the relationship among Cultism, time management and academic performance of students in college of education Ekiadolor. The main purpose of the study was to:
- Find out the levels of the Cultism among in-school adolescent.
- Determine the relationship between peer pressure and academic performance of students.
- Determine the relationship between time management and academic performance of in-school adolescent.
- Determine the relationship among Cultism, time management and academic performance of students with regards to gender.
Some related literature were reviewed concerning the study. Five research questions and three null hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. The population of the study was ten thousand seven hundred and ninety (10,790). A thirty-two item research questionnaire was developed; it was administered to SS II students. A correlational survey method was used for the study. students in (SS II) composed the population from which a sample of 500 in- school adolescents was drawn in four local governments that made up the College of education Ekiadolor. They were composed using random sampling and purposive sampling technique. The instrument for data collection used was a researcher’s made questionnaire titled “Relationship among Cultism, time management and academic performance of students in college of education Ekiadolor, Edo State Nigeria”. The instrument was validated by three experts from University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Two of the experts are from Educational Foundations (Guidance and Counselling) and one from Measurement and Evaluation of the Faculty of Education. Reliability of the instrument was tested using Cronbach Alpha for the internal consistency. The administration of the questionnaire was done by the researcher with the help of research assistants. The data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation, Pearson product moment of correlation coefficient while hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance using multiple regression analysis.
5.2 Conclusions of the Study
In light of the findings obtained in this study, the following conclusions are made.
- The finding implies that as students experience Cultism, the ability of them performing well academically may not be there.
- This shows that negative Cultism can bring about poor academic performance.
- The medium positive relationship between time management and academic performance implies that proper management of time enhances a better academic performance while the reverse is the case.
Educational Implications of the Study
This study has a number of implications:
The result of this study has some obvious implications to teachers, guidance counselor, the society and the students.
The findings have revealed that their exist a low level of Cultism among students in college of education Ekiadolor means that the relationship exist is the one that makes them to know why they are in school and also disassociate themselves from bad friends because evil communication corrupts good manners.
The findings that there is a low level of time management among students. This means that the students do not manage their time will in terms of supervision by their parents at home. Hence parent should monitor their adolescent and make sure they read their books. The fact that female in- school adolescent performed slightly higher than the male students academically means that female in-school received less Cultism and more time for their studies and hence improved academic performance. The few male in- school adolescents that receive negative relationship, the school guidance counselor should work on them and let them know the effect of negative Cultism to academic performance. Teachers should ensure that they do their assignment as at when do.
5.3 Recommendation of the Study
Based on the finding of this study, the following recommendations are made:
- Trained counselor should be posted to all the secondary schools so as to help counsel few adolescents with negative influences.
- Parents should have effective supervision and should not allow other home environmental factor to distract their children. There is a need for teacher to have greater supervision and regulations on students to enhance effectiveness of their time management.
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