The Causes And Effect Of Covid 19 On Education In Nigeria
This study examined the causes and effect of Covid-19 on education in Nigeria. This study was guided by the following objectives; to examine the causes and effect of Covid-19 virus Nigerian Education system, to determine the relationship between COVID 19 virus pandemic and education in Nigeria, to evaluate the awareness of COVID-19 virus among students in Nigeria and to evaluate the after effect of Covid-19 pandemic on education system in Nigeria. The study employed the descriptive and explanatory design; questionnaires in addition to library research were applied in order to collect data. Primary and secondary data sources were used and data was analyzed using the chi square statistical tool at 5% level of significance which was presented in frequency tables and percentage. The respondents under the study were 100 residents of Lagos state, Nigeria. The study findings revealed that Covid-19 pandemic has significant impact on education in Nigeria; based on the findings from the study, schools need resources to rebuild the loss in learning during the pandemic.
1.1 Background of the Study
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), corona viruses are a family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). These viruses were originally transmitted from animals to people. SARS, for instance, was transmitted from civet cats to humans while MERS moved to humans from a type of camel. Several known corona viruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. The name corona virus comes from the Latin word corona, meaning crown or halo. Under an electron microscope, the looks like it are surrounded by a solar corona. The novel corona virus, identified by Chinese authorities on January 7 and since named SARS-CoV-2, is a new strain that had not been previously identified in humans (Wikipedia, 2020). Chinese health authorities are still trying to determine the origin of the virus, which they say likely, came from a seafood market in Wuhan, China where wildlife was also traded illegally. On February 7, Chinese researchers said the virus could have spread from an infected animal species to humans through illegallytrafficked pangolins, which are prized in Asia for food and medicine. Scientists have pointed to either bats or snakes as possible sources of the virus. According to the WHO, signs of infection include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, it canlead to pneumonia, multiple organ failure, and even death. Current estimates of the incubation period – the time between infection and the onset of symptoms – ranging from one to 14 days. Most infected people show symptoms within five to six days. However, infected patients can also be asymptomatic, meaning they do not display any symptoms despite having the virus in their systems (Wikipedia, 2020). On 27 February, Nigeria confirmed its first case in Lagos State, an Italian citizen who works in Nigeria had returned on 25 February from Milan, Italy through the Murtala Muhammed International Airport, fell ill on 26 February, and was transferred to Lagos State Bio-security Facilities for isolation and testing. In order to contain the spread of the virus in Nigeria, the Federal Ministry of Education directed all educational institutions in Nigeria to shut down and allow students to go home as cases of reported COVID-19 increased. The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Education, Sonny Echono, told reporters on 19th March that the directive was part of the country’s overall strategy to contain the spread of the virus (Wikipedia, 2020). The directive affected all the educational institutions in Nigeria including the primary schools. All aspects of the educational system were affected. Jegede (2020) observes that the temporary closure of educational institutions in an attempt to curtail the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic across the World has a negative effect on students learning. The Covid-19 pandemic, in no small measure, has adversely affected primary education, especially in the area of literacy ability (Osiesi, 2021; Bao et al., 2020) as well as effective learning among learners.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is tracking the impact of the pandemic on education. As of March 30, they estimate that 87 percent of the world’s students—that is 1.5 billion learners—have been affected by school closures. The bulk of these students are enrolled in primary and secondary schools, but there are also millions of students affected at the pre-primary and tertiary education levels. More than 180 countries have shut school doors nationwide, while others have implemented localized school closures.(Wikipedia, 2020).
1.2 Statement of Research Problem
The corona virus pandemic disrupted so many activities all over the world. In the case of Nigeria, the country was on a lock down which disrupted academic activities from primary to tertiary level of education in Nigeria, social activities were also affected. And so this study will help in knowing the causes and effect of covid-19 pandemic on educational system in Nigeria, and also, how the pandemic disrupted academic calender of schools , how it reduced the eagerness to learn on students, all these, and more will be further examined in the study.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
This study is guided by the following objectives;
- To examine the causes and effect of Covid-19 virus Nigerian Education system,
- To determine the relationship between COVID 19 virus pandemic and education in Nigeria,
- To evaluate the awareness of COVID-19 virus among students in Nigeria.
- To evaluate the after effect of Covid-19 pandemic on education system in Nigeria.
1.4 Research Questions
The following questions have been prepared for this research which are:
- Does Covid-19 pandemic haveany significant impact on education in Nigeria?
- Is there a relationship between covid-19 pandemic and education in Nigeria?
- Are there any awareness programme on covid-19 virus among Nigerian students?
- Does covid-19 have after effect on education system in Nigeria?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
- H01: Covid-19 pandemic does not have any significant impact on education in Nigeria
- Hi1: Covid-19 pandemic have a significant impact on education in Nigeria.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The significance of this study cannot be underestimated as:
- This study will lay emphasis on causes and effect of covid-19 on the educational system in Nigeria
- The findings of this research work will undoubtedly provide the much needed information to government organizations, ministry of education, and academia.
1.7 Scope of the Study
This study intends to examine the causes and effect of covid-19 on educational system in Nigeria. Hence , residents in Lagos state will be used as a case study.
1.8 Limitations of the Study
This study was constrained by a number of factors which are as follows:
Just like any other research, ranging from unavailability of needed accurate materials on the topic under study, inability to get data
Financial constraint , was faced by the researcher ,in getting relevant materials and in printing and collation of questionnaires
Time Factor: Time factor pose another constraint since having to shuttle between writing of the research and also engaging in other academic work making it uneasy for the researcher
1.9 Operational Definition of Terms
This is a disease caused by a new strain of coronavirus. ‘CO’ stands for corona, ‘VI’ for virus, and ‘D’ for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as ‘2019 novel corona virus’ or ‘2019-nCoV.
This comprises of everything that goes into educating public school student at the federal , state, or community levels.
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
In this study, our focus was to examine the causes and effect of covid-19 pandemic on educational system in Nigeria using resident in Lagos as case study. The study specifically was aimed to examine the causes and effect of Covid-19 virus on Nigerian Education system, to determine the relationship between COVID 19 virus pandemic and education in Nigeria, to evaluate the awareness of COVID-19 virus among students in Nigeria and to evaluate the after effect of Covid-19 pandemic on education system in Nigeria. .
The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 70 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from student of university of Lagos living in Lagos state, student of LASPOTECH polytechnic Living in Lagos, and student and non-teaching staff of Lagos state university living in Lagos state.
Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:
- That Covid-19 pandemic have significant impact on education system in Nigeria
- That there is a relationship between covid-19 pandemic and education system in Nigeria
- There are many awareness programme on covid-19 virus among Nigerian students
- That covid-19 has after effect on education system in Nigeria
Ministries of education should endeavor to hold seminar programmes on covid-19 pandemic, so as to help teachers and non teaching staff know more about recent precautionary measures on covid-19 .
Students, teachers, and the entire academic community should endeavour to live by the safety rules on corona virus.
Government should create more awareness on covid-19 from primary level to tertiary level.
The Causes And Effect Of Covid 19 On Education In Nigeria
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