Effect Of Corruption On Sports Development
Table of Content
- Title Page
- Table of Content
- List of Tables
- 1.1 Background of the Study
- 1.2 Statement of the Problem
- 1.3 Objective of the Study
- 1.4 Research Questions
- 1.5 Research Hypothesis
- 1.6 Significance of the Study
- 1.7 Scope of the Study
- 1.8 Limitation of the Study
- 1.9 Definition of Terms
- 1.10 Organisations of the Study
Review of Literature
- 2.1 Conceptual Framework
- 2.2 Theoretical Framework
- 2.3 Empirical Review
- 3.1 Research Design
- 3.2 Population of the Study
- 3.3 Sample Size Determination
- 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
- 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
- 3.6 Method of Data Collection
- 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
- 3.8 Validity of the Study
- 3.9 Reliability of the Study
- 3.10 Ethical Consideration
Data Presentation and Analysis
- 4.1 Data Presentation
- 4.2 Analysis of Data
- 4.3 Answering Research Questions
- 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
- 4.5 Discussion of Findings
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
- 5.1 Summary
- 5.2 Conclusion
- 5.3 Recommendation
The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.
1.1 Background of the Study
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is the impact of corruption on businesses?
The impact on the private sector is also considerable, it impedes economic growth, distorts competition and requests serious legal and reputational risks. Corruption is also very costly for business, with the extra financial burden estimated to add 10 % or more to the costs of doing business in many parts of the world.
How does corruption affect public finance in EU countries?
A third stream finds ambiguous effects of corruption can be illustrated with respect to public finances in new EU member states. Hanousek and Kocenda (2011) show that reductions in corruption either increase or decrease public investment, depending on the country and its institutions.
Does the corruption environment matter for fiscal performance?
On the other hand, improvements in the corruption environment are mostly associated with better fiscal performance (decreases in the deficit as well as debt). In a recent paper (Hanousek and Kochanova 2015), we attempt to provide an explanation of the divergent effects found in the previous literature.
What are the statistics on corruption in South Africa?
Survey statistics measure the tolerance of a society to acts of corruption. A 2007 survey estimates that 34% of South African firms say they are expected to pay bribes to get awarded public procurement contracts, and on average the bribe amounts to 2% of the value of contracts.
How does public sector corruption affect the institutions of a country?
Public sector corruption has both direct and indirect effects on the institutions of a country. The direct costs of corruption include not only bribes, but also funds wasted on inflated procurement contract prices, and stolen public assets.
What are the costs of corruption?
The direct costs of corruption include not only bribes, but also funds wasted on inflated procurement contract prices, and stolen public assets. The indirect costs include inefficiencies resulting from the deterioration of institutions and criminal activities.
What are the impacts of corruption in South Africa?
Impact of corruption . Way Forward . Tackling corruption could have a positive effect on South Africa’s economic output by strengthening institutions and creating a virtuous cycle of trust in the state and investment, ultimately contributing to GDP, and reducing unemployment and income inequality.
What are the effects of corruption in our daily life?
Here are 15 effects of corruption in our daily life. These effects include 1. Insufficient public services, 2. Injustice, 3. Pollution 4.Health deficiency and more.
How does corruption affect public investment?
Hanousek and Kocenda (2011) show that reductions in corruption either increase or decrease public investment, depending on the country and its institutions. On the other hand, improvements in the corruption environment are mostly associated with better fiscal performance (decreases in the deficit as well as debt).
Does corruption affect environmental sustainability?
In the long-run, the two proxies of corruption’s effects on environmental sustainability are contradicting although the corruption negative (becoming bad) effect outweighs impacts linked to the corruption positive (becoming clean) influence. This demonstrates the detrimental influence of corruption on the natural environments.
How does corruption affect government expenditure on education?
The studies carried out at the IMF show that both expenditure and revenue sides of the budget are affected by corruption and rent-seeking behavior. By using cross-section data, Mauro (Chapter 9) shows that corruption is negatively associated with government expenditure on education.
Does bureaucratic corruption matter for firm performance?
However, bribing firms that have an opportunity to gain a competitive edge (in more heterogeneous environments) are able to adjust the employment structure to an optimal level and increase effectiveness. Our empirical analysis demonstrates a two-way effect of bureaucratic corruption on firm performance.
How South Africa should tackle corruption?
South Africa possesses most of the institutional features necessary to combat corruption, notably a much-admired constitution, an independent judiciary and a robust media. But in most indices of corruption, including those produced by Transparency International, South Africa is ranked somewhere in the middle.
What is the crime in South Africa?
South Africa’s latest crime statistics show yet another increase in hijackings across the country in recent months. The data, which was presented by national police commissioner Khehla Sitole …
Is crime in South Africa worse since Apartheid?
The violence is merely a symptom of the larger challenge of equality in post-apartheid South Africa and the inability of the African National Congress (ANC) government to invest properly in the areas neglected for decades by apartheid.