Effect Of Corruption In Public Service Delivery In The Nigeria Police Force

Project and Seminar Material for Criminology And Security Studies

Effect Of Corruption In Public Service Delivery In The Nigeria Police Force


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the effect of corruption in public service delivery in the Nigeria police force using Nigerian Police Force, Awka, Anambra State as a case study. The study was carried out to ascertain the prevalence of corruption among the Nigerian Police Force, identify the corrupt practices in the Nigerian Police Force, determine whether the Nigerian Police force’s engagement in corrupt practices influences the public impression of its code of conduct and integrity, and ascertain the extent to which police force engagement in corruption affects its statutory role of public service delivery. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of few police personnel’s from police stations and also residents of Awaka, Anambra State. In determining the sample size, the researcher purposefully selected 147 respondents and 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables, and mean scores. While the hypotheses was tested chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the prevalence of corruption among the Nigerian Police Force is high. Furthermore, the study revealed that the corrupt practices in the Nigerian Police Force includes: soliciting or accepting bribe in exchange for not reporting organized kidnap, armed robbery, political corruption and opportunistic theft, and the illegal use of drugs. Therefore, it is recommended that fundamental restructuring and reorganization and professionalize in the force which would hopefully launch the Nigerian Police Force on the positive side of history. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

The Police is one of the most important institutions in the society. They are entrusted with the right to protect the citizen even when that involves the use of violence. More is expected of the Police than most modern professional jobs. They are expected to be brave and not show any human emotion like fear, shock, surprise, etc even in the face of serious tragedies like death, deformity, etc Undoubtedly, peace, safety and security are both necessary and indispensable requirements for development and the attainment of good quality of life for any human society. They provide the requisite enabling environment for citizens to live and work towards social, economic and political development of the society (Groenewald & Peake, 2004). The significance of peace, safety and security to mankind cannot be over-emphasized as the socio-economic and political development of any society depends on the security system available in such society. By the same token, their absence stifles the human capacity to develop and heavily compromises the development and quality of life of both individuals and society. Furthermore, insecurity impacts negatively on all citizens through losses of property, life and limb, or through loss of confidence from fear of violence. It is against this backdrop that the delivery of safety and security is considered a justifiable public good and the very essence of the state (Lubuva, 2004). Human safety and security are indeed human rights having a value of their own and serving an instrumental function in the construction of human contentment and prosperity (Odinkalu 2005).

Over the ages, emerging forms of human, social and political organization have stimulated a necessity for the protection and safety of the individual, family, community and the nation. The need for human security therefore pervades the entire fabrics of human nature and existence, and is at the cornerstone of human and societal development. Hence, human beings and societies since the beginning of time have developed measures to safeguard themselves and their properties against threat. Some of these measures predate the institutionalization of the public police and other uniformed institutions. In the present age, state remains dominant in the security sector; as such, the legitimacy and right of any state over the people can best be upheld only to the extent to which it can guarantee the protection of life and property of its citizens. Therefore, one of the primary duties of the state is to guarantee the peace, safety and security of the citizens, including their protection from social problems.Modern societies are characterized by what can be termed as a state-organized specialist police organization or formal police force. The police are responsible for the enforcement of criminal law, prevention of crime, detection, apprehension, investigation, detention and prosecution of crime suspects.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The effective sustenance of the Nigerian society hinged on an efficient law enforcement process, the role of the police in ensuring social justice, peace and harmony cannot be overemphasized. However, despite the fact that in the administration of justice in Nigeria, the police have the sweeping powers of arrest and prosecution of offenders, the Nigerian State recently has consistently witnessed unquantifiable measure of terror, lawlessness, kidnapping, ethno-religious conflict, social disorder, armed robbery, and senseless vindictive assassinations whose causes and perpetrators have defiled security scrutiny and apprehension. This ugly incidence brings the efficiency and effectiveness of the Nigerian Police to questioning and disrepute. Thus, one cannot but agree with the position that Nigeria Police Force is a victim of convoluted systemic corruption which has become pervasive and cancerous in the country‟s public service. This study examine the effect of corruption in public service delivery in the Nigeria police force.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The general aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of corruption in public service delivery in the Nigeria police force. The specific aims of this study are outlined below:

  1. Ascertain the prevalence of corruption among the Nigerian Police Force.
  2. Identify the corrupt practices in the Nigerian Police Force.
  3. Determine whether the Nigerian Police force’s engagement in corrupt practices influences the public impression of its code of conduct and integrity.
  4. Ascertain the extent to which police force engagement in corruption affects its statutory role of public service delivery.

1.4 Research Questions

The main focus of this research is to provide a valuable response to the questions below.

  1. What is the prevalence of corruption among the Nigerian Police Force?
  2. What are the corrupt practices in the Nigerian Police Force?
  3. Does the Nigerian Police force’s engagement in corrupt practices influences the public impression of its code of conduct and integrity?
  4. What is the extent to which police force engagement in corruption affects its statutory role of public service delivery?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: Police force engagement in corruption does not affect its statutory role of public service delivery.
  • Ha: Police force engagement in corruption affects its statutory role of public service delivery.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will be beneficial for future research and will add to the body of knowledge. It will educate policymakers about the critical nature of quick reforms to the Nigerian Police Force. It will raise the government’s pressure to supervise the Nigeria Police Force’s activities continuously to ensure that officers do not exceed their authority or engage in corrupt acts.

Additionally, the findings of this research work will undoubtedly provide the much needed information to government organizations, NPF, individuals, NGOS, and academia on the extent of police engagement in corruption and the effects it has on the citizens.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study is boarded on the effect of corruption in public service delivery in the Nigeria police force. However the study will be delimited to Nigerian Police Force Anambra State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Police:

The civil force of a state, responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and the maintenance of public order.


1.10 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the effect of corruption in public service delivery in the Nigeria police force using Nigerian Police Force, Awka, Anambra State as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the effect of corruption in public service delivery in the Nigeria police force using Nigerian Police Force, Awka, Anambra State as a case study. The study specifically was aimed to ascertain the prevalence of corruption among the Nigerian Police Force, identify the corrupt practices in the Nigerian Police Force, determine whether the Nigerian Police force’s engagement in corrupt practices influences the public impression of its code of conduct and integrity, and ascertain the extent to which police force engagement in corruption affects its statutory role of public service delivery.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents are few police personnel’s from police stations and also residents of Awaka, Anambra State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. The prevalence of corruption among the Nigerian Police Force is high.
  2. The corrupt practices in the Nigerian Police Force includes: soliciting or accepting bribe in exchange for not reporting organized kidnap, armed robbery, political corruption and opportunistic theft, and the illegal use of drugs.
  3. The Nigerian Police force’s engagement in corrupt practices influences the public impression of its code of conduct and integrity.
  4. The extent to which police force engagement in corruption affects its statutory role of public service delivery is high.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. Fundamental restructuring and reorganization and professionalize in the force which would hopefully launch the Nigerian Police Force on the positive side of history.
  2. Corruption gave the Nigeria Police Force a poor image in the Nigerian society, to re-invent a new image for the police, total war should be declared against police graft as a starting point in the professionalization of the force.
  3. Efforts should be made to fully professionalize the Police in order to enable it discharge its civic duties to the society. Full professionalism would be achieved through further training and re-education.

Project Material Download

6,000 Naira

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦6,500 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($25)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 200 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Effect Of Corruption In Public Service Delivery In The Nigeria Police Force

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.