Effect Of Computer Literacy On The Teaching And Learning Of Social Studies In Ilorin Metropolis

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science Education

Effect Of Computer Literacy On The Teaching And Learning Of Social Studies In Ilorin Metropolis


Abstract


The project was carried out to examine the Effect of Computer Literacy on the Teaching and Learning of Social Studies in Ilorin Metropolis.

Two hundred respondents were randomly selected from Twenty (20) in Ilorin Metropolises. The data were collected, using questionnaire method. The data collected were analysed using frequency counts percentages and t-test four hypotheses formulated for the study. All the hypotheses were 8 tested at 0.5 alpha level.

Four research questions and four research hypotheses were raised to guide the study. A researcher made questionnaire and was validated by experts and the supervisor of this work and the reliability co-efficient of 0.62 was ensured through test-retest method using Pearson product moment correlation co-efficient statistical techniques.

With these affirmation, it was therefore, recommended that more qualified teachers should be employed, they should give them opportunity to attend seminars and workshops, the school library should be well stocked, while adequate funds should be provided to purchase spare parts and maintenance.


Table of Contents


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgements
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents
  • List of Tables

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • Background of the Study
  • Statement of the Problem
  • General Questions
  • Research Questions
  • Research Hypotheses
  • Purpose of the Study
  • Significance of the Study
  • Delimitation of the Study
  • Operational Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Review of the Related Literature

  • Historical Development of Computer
  • Concept of Computer in Education
  • Impact of Computer on Education
  • Problem of Computer Technology in Nigeria
  • National Objective of Computer Education
  • Appraisal of Literature Reviewed

Chapter Three:

Research Method

  • Research Design
  • Population of the Study
  • Sample and Sampling Techniques
  • Research Instrument
  • Validity of the Instrument
  • Reliability of the Instrument
  • Procedure for Data Collection
  • Method of Data Analysis

Chapter Four:

Results and Discussion

  • Presentation of Data
  • Hypotheses Testing
  • Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

  • Summary
  • Conclusion
  • Implication of the Study
  • Recommendations
  • Limitation of the Study
  • Suggestions for Further Study
  • References
  • Appendix

List of Tables


  • Table 1: Distribution of Respondent by Sex
  • Table 2: Distribution of Respondent by Experience
  • Table 3: Distribution of Respondent by Qualification
  • Table 4: Distribution of Respondent by Schools
  • Table 5: Results of t-test on effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies as perceived by male and female teachers
  • Table 6: Results of t-test on effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies by Experienced and Less-experience teachers
  • Table 7: Results of t-test on effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies as perceived by Non-graduate and graduate teachers
  • Table 8: Results of t-test on effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies as by Public and Private School Teachers

Chapter One


Introduction

Background to the Study

Computer is considered to be important in many aspect of human endeavour. It plays a vital role in the life of peoples; computer aids the development and achievement in so many aspect of human endeavour. Computer makes life so easy and bearable; it assists business enterprises, organization, education and technological centres (Charles, 2006). According to Ajah (1982) and Ologo (1988) we are living in a world where science and technology have become integral parts of the world’s culture, and any country that over looked such significant tools does so at the risk of remaining backward in technologically fast moving world.

To ensure a greater advancement in technology, everybody needs to become computer literate to a greater extent, whether at home, schools, banks, industry or offices. A greater effort has to be made by government in many countries such as Nigeria where at least little knowledge of computer has been introduced into most courses, starting from the primary school to tertiary institutions the role of computer in teaching and learning is now on the increases worldwide. In Europe, America and Asian countries, computer play significant roles in learning processes in all levels of education, including the world of E-mail and Internet.

It has been observed that, Nigeria can not develop modern technology and sustain it, if she fails to play more emphasis on computer education at the tertiary institution level.

The National Policy on Education (2004) stressed that students should be well equipped to live effectively in our modern age of science and technology. In order to solve the multitude of problems facing the educational sector, there is need to put forward an innovation right from the lower level of primary schools, which would lead to effective, efficient, quantitative and individualized learning in spite of all odds. This is the use of computer and individualized learning in spite of all odds. This is the use of computer for classrooms teaching and learning.

The issue of poor usage and lack of computer education is so bad that most teachers in our school don’t know how to operate or interact with computer neither could they use one to teach their students. The problems therefore, inspired the investigator to research into factors militating against proper implementation of computer education in Ilorin metropolis, and provide solution to such problems.


Statement of the Problems

A lot of challenges face the students’ acquisition of computer education. Some of the problems affecting effective teaching and learning of computer education include: inadequate facilities for teaching and learning computer education, there also the lack of enough qualified teachers for the study. This becomes important when we consider the effect. These could be on students’ performance in the subject. This then calls for investigation into the influence of computer education on parents’ performance.


General Question

  1. What are the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in Ilorin Metropolis?

Research Questions

The study intends to provide answers to the following questions.

  1. Is there any difference in the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in male and female teachers in Ilorin Metropolis?
  2. Is there any difference in the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in less-experience and experience teachers in Ilorin Metropolis?
  3. Is there any difference in the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in non-graduate and graduate teachers in Ilorin Metropolis?
  4. Is there any difference in the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in public and private school teachers in Ilorin Metropolis?

Research Hypothesis

The following hypothesis was generated to guide the study.

  1. H01: There is no significant difference in the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies by male and female teachers.
  2. H02: There is no significant difference in the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in less-experience and experience teachers.
  3. H03: There is no significant difference in the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in non-graduate and graduate teachers.
  4. H04: There is no significant difference in the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in public and private school teacher.

Purpose of the Study

The aim of the study is to investigate into effect of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in Ilorin Metropolis. This also intends to provide suggestions toward alleviating the problem to ensure effective teaching and learning of computer education in social studies.


Significance of the Study

This is the computer age where the whole world is no a global village, via the internet, and so every teacher, irrespective of his or her discipline, must struggle to be computer literate. Teachers are expected to look for avenue with which to improve on their method of teaching. Therefore, this study could reveal the views and potentials of the teachers and also bring the teachers abreast of the global events. This could give the teachers opportunities to reconstruct and re-invigorate their method of teaching.

The findings from the study will be relevant to: Subject teachers, curriculum developers, computer program developers, teaching service commissions, Ministries of Education, and Curriculum Development Agencies like Nigeria Education Research and Development Council (NERDC).

The findings would also be beneficial to future researchers who may want to carry out related studies in several towns, states, and local government areas of Nigeria.

Going by the rate at which computer literacy is being promoted in Nigeria; computer will become important tools in the teaching and learning situation.


Delimitation of the Study

The geographical coverage of the study is Ilorin Metropolis. The study is limited to selected school teachers from twenty (20) selected schools. It is also limited to the items mentioned in the questionnaire. Those schools without facilities for the teaching and learning of computer are excluded from this study.


Operational Definition of Terms

The following is a list of major terms used in this study.

Computer:

Refers to an electronic device that receives data or instruction through input device, process it through CPU and produce result through Visual Display Unit (CDU) at a very high speed with the aid of human intervention.
Hardware: Is the physical part of a computer, including the digital circuitry, as distinguished from the computer software that executes within the hardware.

Inadequacy:

Refers to short supply of materials and equipment.

Infrastructural facilities:

This refers to good accommodation, electricity and conducive atmosphere.

Programs:

Are set of instructions that tell computer what to do.

Software:

Consisting of programs, enables a computer to perform specific tasks.

Teaching and learning facilities:

Refers to textbooks, reports and manuals for teaching and learning computer education.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

Summary

The purpose of this chapter is to summarize the findings of the study. This study examined into the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in Ilorin Metropolis. The sample consists of two hundred teachers who were randomly selected from twenty (20) secondary schools. Data were collected through titled Effect of Computer Literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies. Questionnaire was given to each of them.

Data collected were using frequency counts, percentage and t-test.

The results of the study revealed that:: –

  1. There is no significant difference between the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in male and female teachers.
  2. There is no significant difference between the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in less-experience and experience teachers.
  3. There is no significant difference between the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in non-graduate and graduate teachers.
  4. There is no significant difference between the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in public and private school teacher.

Conclusion

In this project work, some measure is taken into consideration before arriving at a certain conclusion.

Therefore, the following conclusions are drawn from the study.

  1. There are inadequate qualified computer teachers in secondary schools in Ilorin Metropolis.
  2. There is high cost of acquisition and maintenance of computer.
  3. There is inadequate teaching and learning facilities of computer in Ilorin Metropolis.

Implication of the Study

This study has addressed the effects of computer literacy on the teaching and learning of social studies in Ilorin Metropolis. It gives the policy matters some insight into the necessary parameter to use in the effective teaching and learning of social studies in Ilorin Metropolis.


Recommendations

From the conclusion above, the discoveries has necessitated the following recommendations.

  1. Adequate number of qualified computer teachers should be employed to teach the subject in order to complement the effort of the existing teachers.
  2. The condition of services should be improved to motivate them to be more dedicated.
  3. Computer science laboratory should be provided and well equipped.
  4. Seminars and workshops should be organized for teachers so as to make them aware of the new innovations.
  5. Uninterrupted power supply should be provided to computer center in the school in Ilorin Metropolis.
  6. Provision of adequate funds to purchase spare parts will go a long way towards effective implementation of computer education in Ilorin Metropolis.

It is believed that all this recommendation would be adhere to positive change will emerge in computer science in schools in Ilorin Metropolis.


Limitation of the Study

This study simply addresses schools within Ilorin metropolis only. Its will use schools within the metropolis and 200 respondents only to answer the questionnaire. The large coverage of the study can be made limited because of lack of finance.


Suggestions for Further Study

Studies can also be carried out in the aspects of computer literacy by owner of various schools for the teacher’s effectiveness in the study of computer literacy on teaching and learning of social studies in Ilorin metropolis.


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