Effect Of Blended Learning Strategy On The Academic Achievement Of Junior Secondary School Computer Students In Ikwuano LGA, Abia State

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Effect Of Blended Learning Strategy On The Academic Achievement Of Junior Secondary School Computer Students In Ikwuano LGA, Abia State


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the effect of blended learning strategy on the academic achievement of junior secondary school computer students in Ikwuano local government area of Abia State. The study was specifically carried out to find out the extent blended learning strategies are adopted for teaching and learning of computer in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area, find out whether the adoption of blended learning strategy enhances students’ study habit and active participation during teaching/learning process in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area, find out whether the use of blended learning strategies improves computer students academic performance in senior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area, find out whether there is a significant difference between the academic performance of students thought computer with blended learning strategy and those taught with conventional teaching models. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of teachers of senior secondary schools in Ikwuano Local Government Area. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 53 respondents and 50 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the extent blended learning strategy is adopted for teaching and learning in senior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area is low. The study also revealed that the use of blended learning strategy improve students academic performance in senior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area. Therefore, it is recommended that school Management should consider the adoption of school-wide Learning Management Systems for increased acceptance of blended learning approach in the teaching and learning of courses like financial accounting. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

In a country, whether developed, developing or underdeveloped, its own system for training and educating its youth is peculiar to it. The purpose of education is not just to make a student literate but also to add rational thinking, knowledge and self-sufficiency. Such purpose of education is dynamic in nature as it encompasses many changes. In today’s era, information and knowledge stand out as very important and critical input for teaching and learning (Kalaivani, 2015). In a classroom situation, students differ in terms of intellectual ideas and perception; they learn and understand more quickly and easily in different ways but these facts are not taken into consideration in traditional method of teaching (Umoh & Akpan, 2014). Traditional method of teaching alone may not be suitable for individual requirements. Thus, there is need for innovative teaching method to cater for difference in learning styles. These could include mobile learning, flipped classroom, e-learning, and blended learning, among others.

Generally, blended learning aims to employ multi-educational methods to achieve the final goal behind education (Tsoi, 2009). The uniqueness of blended learning is represented by its ability to use advantages of both e-learning and traditional method. Thus, the output will be a version of the best from each method. Grahan (2006) stated that a stronger learning environment has emerged with combining the strongest aspects of the two available approaches to remove the deficiencies of traditional learning and Web-based learning. Blended learning can also be defined as integrating face to face learning and electronic learning or distance learning, using different learning theories, methodologies and techniques in the same place and supporting the learning with various online technologies during the learning process in the classroom (Rossett, 2002; Singh, 2003). However, Blended learning will provide a big convenience for the course to achieve its target by combining the face-to-face interaction in traditional learning and time, place and material richness provided by Web-based learning for better students’ academic achievement.
Supporting technologies like learning management systems, virtual and remote laboratories, interactive quizzes, and remote invigilation, as well as enabling technologies like 4G/5G communication systems, big data and data analytics, artificial intelligence, sensors, and the Internet of things, and augmented and virtual reality, are crucial for an effective transition from traditional teaching to online or remote teaching and learning (Reine et al., 2021; Salta et al., 2022). Additionally, the incorporation of devices like computers, cellphones, tablets, and cloud-based resources into educational institutions has changed how instruction is delivered (Bati & Workneh, 2021; Dudar et al., 2021). Using blended learning models (BLMs) in the classrooms has various advantages for teachers, including more convenient teaching resource storage, greater communication, and freedom to roam around the classroom with the resource materials (Tuma, 2021). As a result, many people are adopting new technology to enhance their learning overall (Amankwah-Amoah, et al., 2021; Egielewa et al., 2022; Poquet & de Laat, 2021; Sahni, 2019).

BL is not new but nowadays the technological advancement and computer usage in teaching learning process has expended the use of BL in our education system. BL approach uses the positive aspects of traditional teaching-learning. BL also considers the place of learning where the learning happens and directs to reconsider the traditional instructor-centered classroom. BL also directs to reflect on, retool, and then reformat what is a classroom. Instead of the limited traditional classroom space, BL environment leverages online and out-of-class spaces that respond better to the ever changing and ever evolving with the needs of the students. BLMs also help a teacher to move outside of thinking of the lecture in only this very traditional, hour-long lecture format. The possibilities of BL environment encourage a more active classroom environment or online learning space that engage the students with the content material in an interesting, refined, and targeted way. Selvakumar et al. (2020) noted that the specific advantages of BL are to: provide flexibility in terms of scheduling a course, planning for space and more options to achieve the same learning outcome; provide verity of learning opportunities as per engage himself/herself and can actively participate; balance the face to face and online teaching-learning; and make effective use of the conventional and online teaching and learning. In view of the aforementioned, this study seek to examine the effect of blended learning strategy on the academic achievement of junior secondary school computer students in Ikwuano local government area of Abia State.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Students’ poor performance in computer in junior secondary school could lead to frustration and increase in drop-out levels which may lead to increased unemployment among youths in the society.

The problem of students’ poor performance in secondary school level may be as a result of teaching approach and learning environment, among other factors. Teaching many students sitting in a class that is most times overcrowded, as the case is with senior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area, may lead to lack of comprehension of what is taught. The problem of poor performance and its ripple effect on society calls for the need to try new approaches in the teaching the youngsters This 21st Century is characterized by technological innovations that are applicable in education. One of such innovation is e-learning. Therefore, if e-learning is applied in its blended form to the teaching of learners to enhance learning outcome. In view of the aforementioned, this study seek to examine the effect of blended learning strategy on the academic achievement of junior secondary school computer students in Ikwuano local government area of Abia State.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The basic aim of this study is to critically analyze the effect of blended learning strategy on the academic achievement of junior secondary school computer students in Ikwuano local government area of Abia State.

Specifically, the study will;

  1. Find out the extent blended learning strategies are adopted for teaching and learning of computer in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area,
  2. Find out whether the adoption of blended learning strategy enhances computer students’ study habit and active participation during teaching/learning process in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area.
  3. Find out whether the use of blended learning strategies improves computer students academic performance in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area.
  4. Find out whether there is a significant difference between the academic performance of students thought computer with blended learning strategy and those taught with conventional teaching models.

1.4 Research Question

The study will be guided by the following questions:

  1. What is the extent blended learning strategies are adopted for teaching and learning of computer in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area?
  2. Does the adoption of blended learning strategy enhance computer students’ study habit and active participation during teaching/learning process in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area.
  3. Does the use of blended learning strategies improve computer students academic performance in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area.
  4. Is there a significant difference between the academic performance of students thought computer with blended learning strategy and those taught with conventional teaching models?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: The use of blended learning strategy does not improve computer students academic performance in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area.
  • Ha: The use of blended learning strategy improves computer students academic performance in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area.

1.6 Significance of the study

The importance of this study due to the following:

  1. The scarcity of educational researches that deal with the similar problems
  2. This study helps to find strategies and specialized educational programs for achievement substitute for traditional methods common in teaching.
  3. The results of the study can be used in the development of training programs in the development of methods and techniques and strategies pursued by the school teachers.
  4. This study also provides a modest addition to the literature of education in the field of teaching science and encourages teachers of science to employ blended learning in the educational process which reflects on increasing the effectiveness of education quality.

1.7 Scope of the Study

The study generally focuses on the effect of blended learning strategy on the academic achievement of junior secondary school computer students in Ikwuano local government area of Abia State. The respondent will be obtained from computer science teachers of junior secondary schools in Ikwuano Local Government Area.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Blended Learning Approach

Blended learning approach is the learning approach that combines classroom learning and online learning processes.


1.10 Organization of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on t the effect of blended learning strategy on the academic achievement of junior secondary school computer students in Ikwuano local government area of Abia State. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the effect of blended learning strategy on the academic achievement of junior secondary school computer students in Ikwuano local government area of Abia State. The study was specifically carried out to find out the extent blended learning strategies are adopted for teaching and learning of computer in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area, find out whether the adoption of blended learning strategy enhances computer students’ study habit and active participation during teaching/learning process in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area, find out whether the use of blended learning strategies improves computer students academic performance in senior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area, and find out whether there is a significant difference between the academic performance of students thought computer with blended learning strategy and those taught with conventional teaching models.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were computer teachers of junior secondary schools in Ikwuano local government area of Abia State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The extent blended learning strategies are adopted for teaching and learning in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area is low.
  2. The adoption of blended learning strategy enhance students’ study habit and active participation during teaching/learning process in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area.
  3. The use of blended learning strategy improves students academic performance in junior secondary school in Ikwuano Local Government Area.
  4. There is a significant difference between the academic performance of students thought with blended learning strategy and those taught with conventional teaching models.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Secondary school teachers should adopt the flipped classroom model of blended learning approach in the teaching of students as it has a higher effect on students‟ academic achievement and retention.
  2. Secondary school teachers should pursue training in the use of Learning Management Systems, like Moodle, for teaching students because LMS can be used to facilitate blended learning.
  3. School Management should consider the adoption of school-wide Learning Management Systems for increased acceptance of blended learning approach in the teaching and learning of courses like financial accounting.
  4. School Management should provide internet service in the school environment so that students can have unhindered access to online materials placed on the platforms used for blended learning.

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