Effect Of Barrenness And It’s Implications On Marital Problem Among Woman

Project and Seminar Material for Guidance and Counselling

Effect Of Barrenness And It’s Implications On Marital Problem Among Woman


Abstract


This study was carried out to assess the effect of barrenness and it’s implications on marital problem among woman attending gynecological clinic at specialist hospital Bauchi. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of women attending gynecological clinic at specialist hospital Bauchi. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 70 respondents and all were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. The result of the findings reveals that barrenness result to marital dissatisfaction among women. The study also revealed that women experiences abusive treatment from spouse as a result of barrenness. It was further discovered that women experiences physical and mental health challenges as a result of barrenness. To mention but a few. Therefore, it is recommended that mass enlightenment of the public could help increase the knowledge of the causes of barrenness among involuntary childless couples and also reduce feeling of inferiority complex among childless couples. And most of the childless women have financial problems to receive medical treatments. Government should give due attention in developing short term plans and programs that create affordable and accessible medical treatments for infertility and that guarantee old age security for the socially disadvantaged elderly childless women.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Reproduction is known as an essential human desire hence, barrenness may cause a great deal of psychosocial impairment [Khodakarami, and Hashemi, 2009]. According to WHO, barrenness is defined as a disease of the reproductive system in which pregnancy does not occur after 1 year of continued intercourse [Masearenhas, and Flaxma, 2012]. Barrenness is considered as a global concern which affects many aspects of life in both genders [Sumera, and Raafay, 2010]. The rates even go up to 186 million people around the world [Inhorn, and Patrizio, 2015].Barrenness which is also referred to as infertility may work as a painful emotional experience [Dural,&Yasa, 2016]. It can cause a lot of psychological issues including stress, anxiety, depression, diminished self-esteem,declined sexual satisfaction, and reduced quality of life [Kamel &Remah, 2010]. The resulted psychosocial issues affect the female gender adversely more than her spouse [Patrizio, 2015], especially in societies where there are prejudices against women [Balen, and Bos, 2009]. As such, an barren women may show a relatively high level of frustration and anger which affect her relationship with family, friends and even her spouse. Likewise, infertile women are more likely to develop mental illnesses, marital dissatisfaction, and impaired quality of life compared to the individuals of fertile group [Farrokh and Eslamlou, 2014]. Attitudes toward women’s barrenness are often influenced by ethnic and cultural groups [Aliyeh, and Laya, 2007]. In the eastern societies, the community mainly expects women to play a role as a mother. Thiswill cause many psychosocial concerns and many other challenges if pregnancy does not occur for any reason [ Choobfroushzadeh, 2013]. Therefore, more studies are required among eastern societies to reveal the impact of social, cultural and individual factors on an infertile woman’s quality of life [Daniluk, 2002].

Furthermore, while the barrenness is not a disease, it and its treatment can affect all aspects of women’s lives, which can cause various health, psychological, and emotional disorders or consequences including turmoil, frustration, depression, anxiety, hopelessness, guilt, and feelings of worthlessness in life (Maroufizadeh, 2015). For instance, a quantitative study in Iran revealed that infertility treatment is amongst the most stressful factors for the infertile women (Ghaheri, 2015). However, according to Isiugo-Abanihe, (1998),barrenness can be wholly accepted and managed by the couple as a marital challenge in their enduring love but pressure from society/extended family weaken the relationship. In line with the above, this study is focused on unveiling the effect of barrenness and it’s implications on marital problem among woman.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

There is increasing recognition in the social science literature that barrenness is a devastating problem for women, particularly in the high-fertility context of sub-Saharan Africa. Regardless of the medical causes of barrenness, women in most African societies suffer grief, social stigma, ostracism and often serious economic deprivation. There is ample documentation that the consequences of barrenness are borne primarily by women, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. As Inhorn (1994, 1996) has shown for Egypt, in most of these cultures women receive the major blame for reproductive mishaps. For example, Feldman-Savelsberg (1999) reports that in Cameroon barrenness is grounds for divorce among the Bangangte, causing a woman to lose her access to her husband’s land. Infertile women are treated as outcasts and their bodies are buried on the outskirts of the town among the Ekiti Yoruba of Nigeria (Ademola, 1982). Women undoubtedly contain various challenges in the surface of barrenness, and those challenges can be subjected to husbands belief and cultural values, family influence, the society etc. In the light of these, this study seek to investigate the effect of barrenness and it’s implications on marital problem among woman.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The overall aim of this study is to critically assess the effect of barrenness and it’s implications on marital problem among woman. Hence, the study will be channeled to the following specific objectives;

  1. Determine whether barrenness results to marital dissatisfaction among women.
  2. Determine whether women experience abusive treatment from spouse as a result of barrenness.
  3. Determine whether women experience physical and mental health challenges as a result of barrenness.
  4. Ascertain whether women experience the termination of marriage as result of barrenness.
  5. Ascertain whether women experience impaired quality of life due to the challenges associated with barrenness.

1.4 Research Question

This study will be guided by the following questions;

  1. Does barrenness result to marital dissatisfaction among women?
  2. Does women experience abusive treatment from spouse as a result of barrenness?
  3. Does women experience physical and mental health challenges as a result of barrenness?
  4. Does women experience the termination of marriage as result of barrenness?
  5. Does women experience impaired quality of life due to the challenges associated with barrenness?

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study will serve as a material for enlightenment for mostly married couples, and the society at large. To a very great extent, this study will educate families on the need and how to manage family and societal pressures which are associated with the issue of barrenness especially among women. The study will further caution the society on the implications of intruding into family matters as delicate as infertility, and the need to offer relevant support to victims of barrenness not to add fire to the smoke. This study will add to the existing body of knowledge on medical sociology. It will create room for further research on the effect of barrenness and it’s implications on marital problem among woman.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study is structured but delimited to the effect of barrenness and it’s implications on marital problem among woman attending gynecological clinic at specialist hospital Bauchi.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Childless:

The absence of children in a family resulting from the inability to conceive a child by married couple or death of existing children.

Couples:

This refers to a man and woman united and legally bounded in marriage.

Culture:

The arts, customs, beliefs, values, behavior and material objects that constitute peoples’ way of life.

Fertility:

The condition, or the degree of being fertile

Barrenness:

The inability to conceive after a period of 12 months of uncontrollable and unprotected sexual intercourse. The term barrenness is interchange with barrenness.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was on the effect of barrenness and it’s implications on marital problem among woman attending gynecological clinic at specialist hospital Bauchi. The study is was specifically carried out to determine whether barrenness results to marital dissatisfaction among women, determine whether women experience abusive treatment from spouse as a result of barrenness, determine whether women experience physical and mental health challenges as a result of barrenness, ascertain whether women experience the termination of marriage as result of barrenness, and ascertain whether women experience impaired quality of life due to the challenges associated with barrenness.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 70 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were women attending gynecological clinic at specialist hospital Bauchi.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. Barrenness result to marital dissatisfaction among women.
  2. Women experiences abusive treatment from spouse as a result of barrenness.
  3. Women experiences physical and mental health challenges as a result of barrenness.
  4. Women experiences the termination of marriage as result of barrenness.
  5. Women experiences impaired quality of life due to the challenges associated with barrenness.

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Mass enlightenment of the public could help increase the knowledge of the causes of infertility among involuntary childless couples and also reduce feeling of inferiority complex among childless couples.
  2. Childless couples should seek for medical treatment jointly.
  3. Most of the childless women have financial problems to receive medical treatments. Government should give due attention in developing short term plans and programs that create affordable and accessible medical treatments for infertility and that guarantee old age security for the socially disadvantaged elderly childless women.

Effect Of Barrenness And It’s Implications On Marital Problem Among Woman


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Effect Of Barrenness And It’s Implications On Marital Problem Among Woman

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Effect Of Barrenness And It’s Implications On Marital Problem Among Woman


Disclaimer

This research material “Effect Of Barrenness And It’s Implications On Marital Problem Among Woman” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Effect Of Barrenness And It’s Implications On Marital Problem Among Woman” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work


This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Effect Of Barrenness And It’s Implications On Marital Problem Among Woman“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Effect Of Barrenness And It’s Implications On Marital Problem Among Woman” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.