Educational Policy Implementation And Students Academic Performance

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Educational Policy Implementation And Students Academic Performance


Abstract


This research Evaluated the Policy implementation and students’ academic performance, Kaduna State as a case study. Descriptive survey research design was used for the study; the research was on opinion sampling. The study subjects were head teachers, and education secretaries (Management staff), teachers and PTA officials of all the local Governments in Kaduna State. One thousand and eight hundred and six (1806) respondents were sampled for the study. A self-developed questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection. Conclusion was that Principals and school proprietors should ensure that grey areas in students’ orientation policies, such as the non-availability of school rules and regulations to new students are taken care of. Government should ensure that earlier directives given to principals to establish sickbays in their schools and to the Ministry of Health to post nurses to secondary schools is complied with. The Ministry of Education should liaise with the Ministry of Health to plan and carry out health education policies for secondary schools in the State. Municipal policies in secondary schools should be improved. Principals and proprietors should provide potable water, flush or V.I.P. toilets and regular source of power supply in schools Government should ensure the training of more teachers in guidance and counselling and ensure that those already in service of schools are better equipped.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background to the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Purpose of the Study
  • 1.4 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.5 Research Questions
  • 1.6 Test of Hypotheses
  • 1.7 Significance of the Study
  • 1.8 Scope of the Study
  • 1.9 Organization of the Study

Chapter Two:

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Conceptual Review
  • 2,2 Theoretical Review
  • 2.3 Empirical Review
  • 2.4 Summary

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample and Sampling Procedure
  • 3.5 Instrumentation
  • 3.6 Validity of the Instrument
  • 3.7 Pilot Study
  • 3.8 Reliability of the Instrument
  • 3.9 Administration of the Instrument
  • 3.10 Procedure for Data collection

Chapter Four:

Data Analysis and Result Presentation

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Data Analysis

Chapter Five:

Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Implications of the Study
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • 5.4 Suggestions for Further Study
  • REFERENCES
  • APPENDIX 

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Nigeria, like any other countries worldwide, has realized the potentials of education as an instrument for nation building. This is apparently well indicated in the various Nigerian government’s educational development policies, programmes and huge financial expenditure in education over the years. National Policy on education stated emphatically that education will be geared towards the realization of national goals through inculcating better human relationship, effective citizenship, national consciousness, national unity towards social, cultural progress of the nation (FRN, 2004).

Consequently, the launching of the educational policies like UBE in the country only affirmed government’s commitment to the provision of education that is tailored towards promoting goals of nation building. The Secondary schools apparently depicts governments concern and genuine attempts to provide free, compulsory and qualitative education to every Nigerian child. This will no doubt ensure laying solid. foundation for the children’s lifelong learning for effective and qualitative educational pursuits.

It was on this basis that the president of Federal Republic of Nigeria, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo launched the Universal Basic Education Programme in September 1999. Basically, the scheme was introduced for the purpose addressing the problems of education which hindered national development. The government educational programme intends to eliminate problems such as decline in school enrolment, increasing level of illiteracy, mass unemployment and poverty among Nigerian societies. According to the president, the programme has become necessary so as to give Nigerians the basic education they need to survive the challenges of the future and become useful citizens to their community, their country and indeed the whole world. (Obsasanjo, 1999.)

To ensure effective implementation of the government educational policies in the country, government intends to involve all sectors of the Nigeria society for their active contribution and sharing of responsibility for the provision of education. This will ensure collective responsibility for the provision of education and hence, adopted the slogan “education for all is the responsibility of all” FRN, 1999. For policies to succeed government intend to ensure adequate provision of funds for the required infrastructure facilities, teaching and learning materials, building classroom block and provision of adequate teaching staff and their welfare.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Education is regarded as an instrument per excellence for effective national development, and it is also seen as a tool for development in all nations of the world including Nigeria.

Basically, educational policies are introduced for the purpose of addressing the decaying trend of education and facilitates for national development, Secondary schools will help to eradicate decline in school enrolment, increasing level of illiteracy, mass unemployment and these will indeed help Nigerian citizens to become useful and self-reliant. From the implementation of Secondary schools to date, the programme is experiencing a lot of problems like Over population in secondary schools due to high enrolment and retention gender disparity in enrolment and retention between boys and girls due to factors such as work roles, early marriage and poverty constitute problems hence equal access to education becomes a mirage as emphasized. From the implementation of Secondary schools to date, the programme is experiencing a lot of problems such as over population in secondary schools due to high enrolment, gender disparity in enrolment and retention between boys and girls due to factors as work roles, early marriage and poverty constitute problems hence equal access to education should be given.

Also there is absence of adequate trained teachers in Secondary schools. At the inception of the Secondary schools in the year 2003 the number of teachers on ground was grossly inadequate both in terms of quality and quantity, this absence of teachers in quality and quantity in Nigerian system of Education has been responsible to a number of problems. these problems can be seen from the secondary up to these university level. At the grassroots in spite of huge amount of money spent by government and non-governmental agencies, the scenario seems to be gloomy the teachers who should lead and guide are themselves lacking or having inadequate skills to impart knowledge.
Many teachers were found not capable of good hand writing and construction of English sentences, not to talk of self-commitment to the teaching Job. It will be right when the assertion is quoted which say “no nation can rise above the quality of its teachers”

Inadequate provision of infrastructural facilities in secondary schools. there are situations that you find about 100 students jam – packed in a bare floor. In some secondary schools, the classrooms are not even adequate as a result students take lesson under a tree. The current state of infrastructural facilities is quite pitiful. Facilities provided are not properly maintained in secondary schools. Inadequate provision of instructional facilities in secondary schools and relevant textbooks are not provided. Also the problems of utilization or maintenance of the facilities provided. Also there is the problem of regular training and re- retraining of teachers to meet educational challenges. Most of the teachers lacks these training and this brings educational backwardness.

Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the educational policy implementation and its effect on academic performance in Kaduna State.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study is to assess educational policy implementation and students’ academic performance


1.4 Objectives of the Study

This study was set to achieve the following objectives:

  1. To what extent are secondary school students in Kaduna State exposed to the components of orientation policies during orientation exercise?
  2. To what extent are routine and disciplinary policies administered to secondary school students in Kaduna State?
  3. How effective are the health policies administered to secondary school students in Kaduna State?
  4. How effective are the guidance and counselling policies that are administered to secondary school students in Kaduna State?
  5. To what extent are municipal policies administered to secondary school students in Kaduna State?

1.5 Research Questions

The study has the following Research Questions to guide it:

  1. To what extent are secondary school students in Kaduna State exposed to the components of orientation policies during orientation exercise?
  2. To what extent are routine and disciplinary polices administered to secondary school students in Kaduna State?
  3. How effective are the health policies administered to secondary school students in Kaduna State?
  4. How effective are the guidance and counselling policies that are administered to secondary school students in Kaduna State?
  5. To what extent are municipal policies administered to secondary school students in Kaduna State?

1.6 Test of Hypotheses

  • H0 effective health policies administered to secondary school students in Kaduna State is not significant
  • HO effective guidance and counselling policies that are administered to secondary school students in Kaduna State is not significant

1.7 Significance of the Study

It is hoped that, if constraints are identified and solutions proffer a lot of progress and improvement will be made in the implementation in Kaduna state and Nigeria as a country. The significance of the study also lies in the fact that its outcome will enhance the literacy level as well as acquisition of knowledge and skills which lead to the development of Kaduna State. The study is also significant in the sense that it will clearly show the contributions of all stakeholders in funding, supervision and monitoring implementation of the programme in Kaduna State.


1.8 Scope of the Study

The study focused attention on the evaluation of the implementation policy of Education policies in Kaduna State with view to identifying constraints to the implementation if any and so proffering solutions to make the programme better in terms of implementation in Kaduna State. This study covered secondary schools in the three (3) educational zones of Kaduna State. Therefore, the study is limited to the teachers and head teachers of Public Secondary schools.


1.9 Organization of the Study

The study is organized into five chapters.

  • Chapter one covers; background to the study, statement of the problem, general objective of the study, specific objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, limitation of the study, delimitations of the study, operational definition of terms and organization of the study.
  • Chapter two covers review of related literature arranged as per study objectives and explained from global, regional and narrowing to Nigerian situation while identifying research gaps through local studies done, summary of the literature review, theoretical framework and conceptual framework.
  • Chapter Three covers research methodology which includes: introduction, research design, target population, sampling techniques and sample size, data collection instruments, validity and reliability of research instruments, data collecting procedures, data analysis techniques and ethical considerations.
  • Chapter four covers research results of the study.
  • Chapter five covers discussions and interpretations of research findings.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

5.1 Conclusion

Based on the findings of the study, the following conclusions are drawn:

  1. Orientation policies is to a large extent carried out for fresh students of public, mission and private secondary schools in Kaduna State. This is in terms of its yearly organization, introduction of students to important places, personalities and policies of the school.
  2. To a very great extent, routine and disciplinary policies are administered to secondary school students in Kaduna State. Morning and afternoon assemblies are held regularly, punctuality is encouraged, obedience to rules and regulation is enforced and disciplinary committees are in place.
  3. There are no effective health care policies for secondary school students in Kaduna State. Health clinics and personnel are lacking in most schools.
  4. Municipal policies are grossly lacking among secondary schools in Kaduna State. Schools lack certified source of water supply, power supply is both lacking and irregular, boarding and catering policies are grossly lacking.
  5. Secondary school students participate actively in co-curricular activities in Kaduna State. Weekly and annual sports fiesta are held, clubs and societies abound in schools with students full participation.

5.2 Implications of the Study

The findings of this research work have a number of educational implications. Prominent among the implications is that students’ Educational policy are recognized and accepted as worthwhile policies that should be rendered to students alongside the curricular policies.

Another important implication is that public, mission and private secondary schools recognize orientation policies as a starting point in the initiation of new entrants into the culture of a school.

Implicit in the study is that public, mission and private secondary schools have common parameters by which they carry out routine and disciplinary policies in schools. These parameters include checking of punctuality, holding regular morning and afternoon assemblies, appointment of school and student officers to check misbheaviour and setting up of disciplinary committees to handle cases of misconduct, amongst others.

Findings from this study imply that there is no effective healthcare service for secondary school students in Kaduna State. This is derivable from the fact that schools lack health clinics and personnel. It further implies that secondary school students in the state do not enjoy health education policies. This disadvantage is capable of affecting the physical, social and mental health of the students. This has implications for improvement in healthcare policies in schools.

Another implication of this study is that secondary school students in Kaduna State are operating in a physical environment that is below optimum for human development. This is because schools lack potable water, modern toilets, regular source of electricity supply, residential accommodation and catering policies. This has implication for improvement in school facilities and policies.

It can also be deduced that secondary schools’ students in Kaduna State take active part in games and sports but lack adequate infrastructure, equipment and sponsorship to excel. One can also infer from the study that active participation of students in games, sports and other co-curricular activities positively shapes their character and social disposition. This finding has implication for improvement in games and sporting facilities in schools.

The active participation of students in school governance has implication for effective monitoring and supervision by staff advisers and patrons to prevent them from acting ultra-vire. It also implies good upbringing for assumption of responsible positions in the society.

The similarity in administrative structure for ensuring the administration of Educational policy among public, mission and private secondary schools has implication for cooperation among the three groups of schools. It also implies that no group of school is running a parallel system as all are under the supervision of the inspectorate unit of the Ministry of Education.

The apparent non-cooperation of parents with school authorities over their wards’ disciplinary cases and funding of co-curricular activities has implication for more effective organization of the school’s Parent Teacher Association (P.T.A.) and a more vibrant school-community relationship.


5.3 Recommendation

From the findings of the study, the following recommendations made:

  1. Principals and school proprietors should ensure that grey areas in students’ orientation policies, such as the non-availability of school rules and regulations to new students are taken care of
  2. Government should ensure that earlier directives given to principals to establish sickbays in their schools and to the Ministry of Health to post nurses to secondary schools is complied with
  3. The Ministry of Education should liaise with the Ministry of Health to plan and carry out health education policies for secondary schools in the State.
  4. Municipal policies in secondary schools should be improved. Principals and proprietors should provide potable water, flush or V.I.P. toilets and regular source of power supply in schools
  5. Government should ensure the training of more teachers in guidance and counselling and ensure that those already in service of schools are better equipped.
  6. The inspectorate Unit of the Ministry of Education should ensure that there is harmony among public, mission and private secondary schools in the provision and administration of Educational policy.
  7. Games and sports should be encouraged among secondary schools in the state through the provision of standard pitches and equipment, funding and sponsorship by government, proprietors and sports-loving individuals,
  8. Ministry of Education should create a forum by which all principals of secondary schools in the state can meet and articulate their needs, share common problems and receive directives on issues affecting their school system. This will prevent running of parallel system by any group of school.

5.4 Suggestions for Further Study

Studies could also be carried out in the following related areas:

  1. An evaluation of Educational policy in the South-South geopolitical zone of Nigeria
  2. An evaluation of student personnel administration among state-owned secondary schools in Kaduna State
  3. Improving Educational policy administration in private secondary schools in Nigeria
  4. An evaluation of Educational policy administration among tertiary schools in south-south geopolitical zone of Nigeria

Educational Policy Implementation And Students Academic Performance


Project Material Download


₦5,000


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦5,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($30)
GHANA – Make Payment of 120 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | 08143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Educational Policy Implementation And Students Academic Performance

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply

  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “Educational Policy Implementation And Students Academic Performance” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Educational Policy Implementation And Students Academic Performance” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.