Due Process And Its Effect On Actualization Of Government Objectives In Nigeria (A Case Of Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri, Imo State)

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


Abstract


Due process and its effect on actualization of government objectives has been a set back to some of the government owned enterprises.

This research work portrayed due process and its effect on actualization of government objectives with reference to the ministry of health Imo state. In the study as conducted, five chapters were implied.

Chapter one of this research work discussed the brief historical background with the case study which gave information concerning the research work.

Chapter two covers on literature review on what people, author and professors have written about due process and its effect on actualization of government objectives.

Chapter three deals with methodology. The research employed some tool like sample size, sources of data questionnaire and sampling techniques.

In chapter four, it deals in the research while chapter five deals with the summary, recommendation and conclusion. Under this chapter, advices were given to formulation and government objectives.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problems
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Research questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Limitations of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Meaning of due process
  • 2.3 Due process and public sector procurement
  • 2.4 Due process in the united state of America
  • 2.5 Types of due process
  • References

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Sources/Methods of data collection
  • 3.4 Population and sample size
  • 3.5 Sample technique
  • 3.6 Validity and reliability of measuring instrument
  • 3.7 Data analysis techniques

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation of data
  • 4.3 Analysis of data
  • 4.4 Interpretation of results

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of findings
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • References
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

In this chapter the researcher is going to look into the due process and its objectives on actualization of government objectives. Due process is best defined in one word “Fairness” because it varies from one country to another, in Nigerian history, its constitution, statute and case law provided by Federal, state and local government.

These standards are known as due process.

When a person is treated unfair by the government, including the court, he is said to have been deprived or denied due process,

The idea that laws and legal process most be fair, the constitution guarantees that the government cannot take away a person without due process of law, courts have issued numerous rulings about what this means in particular cases.


1.1 Background Of The Study

The background of this study work covers Federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri in Imo state. Federal polytechnic Nekede college was initially established as college of technology Owerri by edict No 16 in 1978 as the college of Technology Owerri by Imo state government.

The school opened for classes on 15th December, 1978 at a temporary site in the premises of government trade center along Egbu road Owerri with initial of 275 students.

In the year 1980, the college then was moved to the permanent site in Nekede Owerri. The name of the college was later changed to polytechnic Nekede Owerri in 1987 by the edit of 1987. it was further renamed from Polytechnic Nekede Owerri to Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri during the regime of Gen. Ibrahim Babangida as Nigerian head of state.

The motto of the school is knowledge for skill for service which has been principle of the polytechnic which the polytechnic has demonstrated by the quality of graduated and professions over the years.

The school started with nine (9) programmes. In three schools all the programmes commenced at the National Diploma Level. Today, there are five )5) schools involved in Federal polytechnic Nekede OWerri which are schools of business and management technology, school of engineering, school of environmental, school of industrial and applied sciences, and school of humanities and social science.

In Federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri, there are 25 programmes distributed in five schools, at National and Higher Diploma level.

In addition, Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri offers regular National Diploma and Higher Diploma programmes. The polytechnic also offer evening programme courses at National and Higher National Diploma level and also weekend programme courses in Higher Diploma and National Diploma levels.

These programmes offered workers the opportunity of acquiring tertiary education while still retaining their jobs.
Today Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri has Dr. Mrs. Cellestina Uchechi Njoku as the first female rector and the present day rector of federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

  1. Dues process for a waste of time in the decision making process of important urgent matters.
  2. Due process has been used as a delay tactics by corrupt leaders.
  3. Due process in government ministries brings about waste of materials and the time resources necessary for other government.

1.3 Objective Of The Study

The objective of this work includes establishing the relevance of due process in procurement of public contracts in Federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri Imo state.

To know the need following due process in the matters that concerns or requires urgency of student welfare.

To establish the relevance of due process in saving government resources otherwise that would have been waste when due process is not followed to know the time frame useful to pass a bill under process.


1.4 Research Questions

In respect to the study, that is due process in actualizing government objectives, there are questions that need consideration;

  1. What is due?
  2. What are the effects of due process?
  3. Can due process be a setback to government owned enterprise and in actualizing its objectives?
  4. What are the objectives of due process in government policy making?
  5. What are procedures in actualizing government plans and objectives?

1.5 Significance Of The Study

This study will benefit the following groups after it has been completed.

Federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri will be in a proper vintage to redress and reshuffle their modus operandi with respect to contract awards and decisions making in order to save time and attend to other urgent needs.

The student researcher, the researcher will be better and properly informed on the meaning and process of due process in the Nigeria policy.

Other future researchers: They will find the material useful in developing future work.


1.6 Scope Of The Study

The scope is on due process and its implementation or effects on actualization of government objectives. It loves geographical area of Owerri in particular Federal polytechnic Owerri, its time frame is the period between 2000 and 2010.


1.7 Limitation Of The Study

The study is limited by the following factors, lack of finance to get relevant information of this study. The unwillingness and robult of meet while carrying out this study from the source of the information. The time constraints experienced in carry out this study.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Due Process:

Due process implies that government activities and business can be carried out openly, economically and transparently without favoritism and corruption.

The essence of this is to ensure that rules and procedures from procurement are made in such a way as to be implementable and enforceable. It is hoped that due process should put an end to the business and usual syndrome in Nigeria.

Problem:

From the advance Oxford Learners dictionary, problem is used to be something that is difficult to deal with or understand.

Politics:

Politics is all human activities that are involved in getting and using power in public life and bring also decision that influence other in any place.

Public Policy:

Public policy is referred to those definite action of government that goes towards the fulfillment of the obligation of the study.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

This chapter tells in details and analyses various government both civilian and administration and also deal with summary, recommendation and conclusion in effect of due process on actualization of government objectives.


5.2 Summary Of Findings

Various procurement methods are in use in the award of public contracts in Nigeria. The traditional method which is widely used has been criticized for its non-performance in project execution and delivery. To avoid the adverse effect of the current contracts procurement methods. Due process mechanism was introduced. This study, therefore investigated the level of importance of due process by parties involved in the award of public contracts and factors that may affect its functions.

The survey was carried out by administrative structured questionnaires and interviews on the practitioners in the construction industry that were in the private sectors. The data collected were analyzed with the use of both descriptive and inferential statistics. The study shows that due process has become a new initiative being widely embraced by partied in public contracts and has helped in saving public fund by corrupt practices that usually characterized award of contracts.

The study also showed that the absence of legal other institutional framework wee among the factors that affect the performance of due process in the country.


5.3 Conclusion

Due process implies that government activities and business can be carried out openly, economically and transparently without favoritism and corrupt tendencies. Based on the survey carried out, the following conclusion were made.

  1. Decision do follow the due process before they are made.
  2. Some bills in health matters which originated from the minority do not take time before they are passed into law.
  3. Bills on health issues from the executive arm of the government do pass all reading processes before they are made laws.
  4. Before contracts are awarded in the ministry, the due process are followed to award the contract to the most deserving contractor by the ministry.
  5. Due process procedure are skipped in order to attend to some urgent matters in the house.
  6. There are no uncompleted contracts awarded following due process in the state, that due to the inflation and lack of regular adjustment on the thresholds of the approving limits of the tender bounds, their authorization were constantly being eroded resulting in abuses, prominent among which is spilling of contracts.
  7. The procurement is often carried out by staff who substantially lack relevant training.
  8. That customs systems and major causes of delay in clearing goods and lence a source of corruption.

5.4 Recommendation

  1. Departments and functions should be separated in the ministry of health. This is to ensure clear cut separation of authorization, custody and documentation of the assets, drugs and equipments.
  2. The process of usage of drugs should be reviewed.
  3. Positions and authorities should be periodically reviewed to ensure compliance with laid down procedures.
  4. The lead of the ministry should be a state dealing with the law making body in the state to ensure good health laws and policies.
  5. Contracts awarded by the ministry should be reviewed by external attestation.
  6. The ministry’s internal audit unit should be equipped and allows the independence to do.

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