Drug Addiction And It’s Academic Implication Among Secondary School Student

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Drug Addiction And It’s Academic Implication Among Secondary School Student


Abstract


Drug and substance abuse threatens and tends to derail these noble strides by demotivating the students in learning and subsequently ruining school going children that the government intends to rely on in driving the economy to the next level. Despite the overwhelming intervention strategies by the Government, religious organizations, non-state actors and many other keen stakeholders to curb the problem of drug and substance abuse especially among the youth, the number of school going youth being suck into drug abuse seems to be escalating day by day
The major purpose of this study is to study drug addiction and its academic implication among secondary school student


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Afolayan (2010) said that drug addiction is the continuous uncontrolled, compulsive use of a drug not only to include intoxication but also to avoid the tortures of withdrawal. While drug abuse is the taking of drugs or a deliberate use of drugs for purposes other than its intended purpose without the supervision of physician or a medical practitioner.

Despite the unrelenting efforts of individuals, agencies, mass media and the government at different levels against drug abuse, the prevalent practice among post-primary school students, teenagers and even adults in the community has not decreased but rather continued to increase. Drug abuse/addiction has gone a long way to create several health problems and dangers in our society. Such health problems include mental illness, cancer of the lungs, school drop-outs, juvenile delinquency, delirious behaviour, etc. The alarming rate of mental illness in our society/streets today whereby drug addiction is a major predisposing factor becomes a concern.

No wonder, conclusion has been drawn to the fact that the factors leading to the victims’ exposure are quite common, thus including the consumption of dangerous drugs during cultural and other festivities either at schools or homes during sports or athletic competitions among students, as these students exposed themselves to practicing drug abuse students involvement in cultism cannot be undermined as some put up some irrational acts.

Afolayan (2010) also said that students consumption of drugs during examination for the purpose of alertness is also very common. Also the adolescent periods are the period of chasing the opposite sex which most of them cannot ordinarily do without the use of some drugs to enable them become bold. The abuse of drugs which leads to addiction among the post-primary school students. Gradually progresses to cause a host of evil happenings in our society such as incessant occurrence of road traffic accident as a result of effects of these substances. In fact some students breakdown during examinations leading to failure and eventual drop-outs, some become rude and arrogant to teachers and parents and occasionally causing riots and chaos in their schools while some grow up to become criminal in the society landing them in prison-yards.

According to Kobiowu (2006), drug addiction is the inability of person to control his use of a drug/substance. He said further that for an addict, drug use is more than a habit, his desire for the drug also involves physical dependence i.e. an addict suffers a painful withdrawal illness if he stops the use of drug. According to Mickey (1994), evidence from literature established that the majority of people with addictive problems are dependent on alcohol or narcotic drugs. While David (1989) asserted that when addicts are deprived of their drugs, they experience an abstinence syndrome typified by objective signs of distress including loss of weight, cardiovascular changes, and gastrointestinal distress and in some cases of alcohol dependence, psychoses and seizures.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The necessity of this study is due to the rate of mental misbehavior and the undue irrational acts of the students in our society and this eventually prompted the researcher to carry out this scholarly work on implications of drug addiction on academic performance among secondary school students of Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The following are the objectives of the study:

  1. To determine the substance/drugs that are abused/addicted to by secondary school students in Odeda Local Government Area.
  2. To establish the possible causes of drug addiction among secondary school students.
  3. To assess the implications of drug use and its addiction on the academics of students.
  4. To determine the possible preventive measures and solutions to drug addiction amongst secondary school students in Odeda Local Government Area.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions are hereby raised to serve as anchor for the study.

  1. What are the drugs commonly abused and addicted to by students in Odeda Local Government Area?
  2.  What are the factors responsible for drug addiction among students?
  3. What are the implications or effects of drug addiction on students’ academic performance?
  4. How can the problems of drug addiction be prevented and controlled among secondary school students?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will enable the school administrators and other prospective consumers of this research work to have an unprecedented insight into the challenges of drugs, drug related activities and drug addiction amongst secondary school students. The outcome of this study will equally serve as a working tool for teachers, guardian, and counsellors in particular, and educationists in general to enhance their intervention strategies when dealing with students with drug related issues and behaviours.


1.6 Delimitation of the Study

This study on drug addiction and its academic implications is limited to secondary school in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Drugs:

Illegal substances that students take some, inject, etc for the physical and mental effect.

Drug Addiction:

The condition of been addicted to drugs.

Drug Peddler:

The person who sells illegal drugs.

Intoxication:

Act of taking alcohol/drugs which makes one feel excited and not think clearly.

Unrelenting:

An unpleasant situation where a person doesn’t stop or become less severe.

Compulsive:

When something is difficult to stop or controlled and the student not being able to control his/her behaviour.

Prevalent:

Something that exist or very common at a particular time or place.

Delinquency:

A bad or criminal behaviour usually of young people.

Delirious:

When someone is in an excited state and not able to think or speak clearly.


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary of the Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

The chapter provides the summary of the findings from chapter four, and it also gives the conclusions and recommendations of the study based on the objectives of the study. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of drug and substance abuse on participation in learning among secondary school students in Odeda Local Government Area, in Ogun State Nigeria.


5.2 Summary

The study found out that most of the students (81.8%) lived with their parents. Most of the students (93.2%) were between the ages 16-18 years. Most of the Most of the student families’ religion (52.1%) was protestant. The study found out that all the schools suspended those student found taking drugs. The study also found that most schools (62.5%) offered guidance and counselling to the students. Most of the students (66.7%) had attended guidance and counselling against drugs in their schools. The study also found out that most of the principals (50%) expected their school academic performance in national examinations in their school to be Grade C+. Most of the students (24.2%) indicated that they expected a B+ at KCSE. The study also found out that most of the students (37.1%) aspired for a Bachelor’s degree level of education.

The study found out that all the principals had experienced cases of drug abuse by students in their schools. Majority of the principals (87.5%) kept records of those students engaging in drug abuse. The approximate number of students engaged in drug abuse were few as indicated by 75% of the principals. Most of the principals invited specialists to talk to students on dangers of drug abuse. The study also found out that alcohol was frequently used in the schools as indicated by a mean of 2.632. The study also found out that stress at home e.g. lack of school fees, frustrations at home e.g. family breakup, conflict with parents; availability of the drugs e.g. availability of money to buy; and family background e.g. parent also drinks were influential to the students abuse of drugs as expressed by a mean of 2.834, 2.751, 2.621 and 2.564 respectively. The effect of drugs abuse on participation among students in the schools was moderate on school dropout, strained relationship with other students, lack of interest in studying, low concentration span and declining grades as expressed by a mean of 3.424, 3.005, 2.789, 2.594and 2.578 respectively. Most of the students (63.6%) indicated that drug abuse in the schools was not frequent.

The study found out that anxiety, headache, sleepy, confused and vomiting were serious effects of drug abuse that the students experienced as expressed by a mean of 3.042, 2.786, 2.643, 2.574 and 2.546 respectively. The students strongly agreed that some of their friends take drugs as expressed by a mean of 4.567. Further, the study found out that poor role modelling by teachers, failure in school academic performance and conflict between students and teacher contributed to drug abuse among students as expressed by a mean of 4.391, 4.002 and 3.873 respectively.


5.3 Conclusions

On basis of the findings, the following conclusions have been made. These include:

  1. All the principals had experienced cases of drug abuse by students in their schools. Majority of the principals (87.5%) kept records of those students engaging in drug abuse.
  2. All the schools suspended students who were found taking drugs.
  3. The study concluded that most of the schools offered guidance and counselling to the students and that most of the students had attended guidance and counselling against drugs in their schools.
  4. The principals expected their school academic performance in national examinations in their school to be Grade C+ and the students expected they will attain a grade of B+ in KCSE.
  5. Alcohol was the frequently abused drug in the schools as expressed with a mean of 2.632.
  6. Stress at home for instance lack of school fees, frustrations at home, family breakup, and conflict with parents; availability of the drugs, availability of money to buy; and family background for example the parent also drinks contributed to the students’ abuse of drugs.
  7. The study concluded that drug abuse among the students caused dropping out of school, strained relationship with other students, lack of interest in studying, low concentration span and declining grades.
  8. The study concluded that anxiety, headache, feeling sleepy, confused and vomiting were serious effects of drug abuse that the students and that the students have friends who take drugs.
  9. Finally the study concluded that poor role modelling by teachers, failure in school academic performance and conflict between students and teacher contribute to drug abuse among students.

5.4 Recommendations

The study recommends that:

  1. All schools should set up guidance and counselling offices facilitated by professionals to counsel students who indulge in drug abuse. This will help take care of the students with emotional needs that they wish to share in confidence but lack the platform to do so and in return end up turning to drug abuse. Principals also should invite specialists often to talk to students on dangers of drug abuse.
  2. Parents and teachers should discourage and be firm in ensuring that the students do not take alcohol which is the most abused in the schools.
  3. Parents should handle their issues like breakups in a better manner to avoid hurting the children and avoid conflict with the children which can lead to them engaging in drug abuse.
  4. The parents should also ensure they do not give so much money to their children and if they do so they should ensure that the money is put into constructive use. The fact that some students have access to a lot of money tempts them to buy drugs.
  5. Parents and teachers should monitor the company that the students keep to ensure they do not involve themselves with students or non-students who abuse drugs.
  6. That teachers should set a good example to the students. They should avoid going to school when they are drunk or using other drugs in the presence of the students. They should also work to have better relationships with the students.

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Frequently Asked Questions


What are the effects of drug abuse among secondary school students?

1. Students engage in drug abuse in an attempt to cope with the opposite sex. 2 Most students abuse drugs in order to gain absolute self confidence amongst fellow students in class. 3 Drug abuse among students results from influence from friends and peer group pressure.

Are schools in Egor local government area of Edo State addicted to drugs?

Over the years, it has been observed that students from secondary schools in Egor local government area of Edo state are in the form of drug addiction or the other as well as being involved in drug abuse.

What are the social problems associated with drug abuse?

There are also social problems associated with drug use and abuse. They include high rate of crime, deformity either physically or mentally and affect unborn children whose mothers abuse drugs when they are pregnant.

How do hard drugs affect society?

Hard drugs are capable of affecting the state of the body or mind by either depressing or stimulating the central nervous system or producing other biochemical harm to the society at large. 

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