Drug Abuse And Students Academic Performances In Senior Secondary School: A Case Study Of Some Selected Secondary School In Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area Of Edo State
The study examined the problems of drug and substances, abuse among students in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area of Edo State. in the course of this study, the concept of drug substances and their abuses as well as misuse were looked into. The views of different authors about drug abuse were equally examined. The study was aimed at finding out how parents and family background, peer group, curiosity, etc contribute to drug abuse problem among youths in this area. It was discovered that because some parents especially fathers are drug addict their children fall victims of drug abuse because they want to imitate their parents. Also some children abuse drug because their parents are in pursuit of materials wealth and they neglect their children, thereby allowing them to fall into bad hands at this juncture, peer groups set in as a result of the laxity of the children because of their parent perpetual absent from him in search of wealth, this children fall into bad gang who initiate them into the act of drug use and abuse.
1.1 Background of Study
Drug abuse is assuming an epidemic dimension. It has become one of the central issues of our time. Parents, teachers and various bodies concerned as well as government are now disturbed more than ever before by the rapid and alarming rate at which youth are being drawn into drug subculture.
According to Agubike (1990). Drug abuse is defined as “the use of drug above the prescribed dosage and for purpose other than the original prescription” drug abuse is also the use of illicit drugs, or the abuse prescription.
Furthermore, drug on its own is a chemical that influence or modifies the action of body’s own chemistry, in other words, it’s any substance which when taken modifies the body function. Unfortunately, most people ignore such medical advice or direction but indulge in drug abuse or misuse.
Drug may be in the class of family of
- Stimulant such as tobacco, cocaine or coffee.
- Depressants such ass alcohol and other subclass of depressant as heroin, morphin, opion and it’s derivatives
Accuse of an SSS3 student in western boys high school (2), Benin as an example in one of the secondary school in ikpoba okha local government area, can be used to exemplify some of the popular side effect of drug abuse this boy, as I was told by one of the teacher that he smoked Indian hemp and started behaving in almost abnormal manner. Apart from shouting on top of his voice and fighting with his classmates, the headmistress failed to bring him to order, when she tried because he bluntly refused to obey her, the boy’s refusal to ever recognize the presence of the headmistress as he boasted and beat his chest that not even God could make him stop what he was doing. It therefore took a combine effort of the policemen and other members of staff to bundle the boy away from the school.
Among other effect of drug abuse can be identified by having mental problems, trembling hands, damage of the brain and also profuse sweating and headaches.
The Lagos weekend revealed that the real problem as far as drug abuse is concerned is within individual family obligation that the end of drug abuse is far from near, also the report further disclosed that two strong parent who function well with family circle can offset the many negatives encountered by their children outside.
Parent as guardian and teachers as character molder have a major role to play in the general upbringing of the child when they discover that a child is already utilizing drug they should do everything to discourage the child from consumption of drugs. Closer attention should be paid on the child’s welfare through monitoring the child’s activities and type of friend the child moves with. With the family as the launching base, the war on drug abuse could then be extended to the larger society with effective programme base upon accurate information. It will require several basic ingredients such as education of the public at large, prevention, campaign and the willingness of all to face every aspect of the problem.
1.2 Statement of Problems
The main problem of this study is to investigate the effect of drug abuse among students of secondary school in Ikpoba Okha local government area Edo state.
The prevalence of drugs consumption among post primary school student are on the increase in our environment. It is reported in studies that the effect of these menace is responsible for deviant behaviour, juvenile delinquency, abscoundnment from school etc. This study will therefore investigate if the causes of drug abuse among student in secondary, the effect on their academic performance in school in the study area.
1.3 Objective of the Study
The objectives of the study are as follows:
- To examine the causes of drug abuse.
- To examine the role of parents in controlling their wards in drug abuse.
- To determine the effects of drug abuse on the students.
- Provide information on how it the of drugs among students.
1.4 Research Question
- What are the causes of drug abuse among secondary school student in the study area?
- What are the effects of drug abuse among secondary school students in the student’s area?
- Why do most students abuse drug?
1.5 Research Hypotheses
- H0: There is no significant effect of drug abuse on the academic performance of secondary school students.
H1: There is a significant effect of drug abuse on the academic performance of secondary school students.
- H20: The lack of parental control is not a major determinant for the abuse of drugs among senior secondary school students.
H21: The Lack of parental control is a major determinant for the abuse of drugs among senior secondary school students.
1.6 Significance of Study
The importance of carrying out this study is that it could serve as a reading text to many who want gain deeper knowledge about cause, effects and control of drug abuse.
This study will encourage the people of Ikpoba-Okha Local Government Area to establish drug rehabilitation centers with the help of the Ministry of Health, Drug Inspection Unit (D.I.U)
Above all, this piece of work will offer very useful suggestion on the impaction of drug abuse and the role family and teachers play to prevent drug abuse.
1.7 Definition Of Terms
Not allowed by law or illegal.
To control limit something especially something bad.
A group of people united by a common understanding of the meaning and value of the incorporation into life of the drug in question.
1.8 Organization of the Study
The study is divided into five chapters. Chapter one deals with the study’s introduction and gives a background to the study. Chapter two reviews related and relevant literature. The chapter three gives the research methodology while the chapter four gives the study’s analysis and interpretation of data. The study concludes with chapter five which deals on the summary, conclusion and recommendation.
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
It is important to reiterate that the objective of this study was to examine drug abuse and the students’ academic performance in senior secondary schools.
In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given.
In this chapter, certain recommendations are made which in the opinion of the researcher are drawn from the findings of the study.
This study was undertaken to examine drug abuse and the students’ academic performance in senior secondary schools. The study opened with chapter one where the statement of the problem was clearly defined. The study objectives and research hypotheses were defined and formulated respectively. The study reviewed related and relevant literatures. The chapter two gave the conceptual framework, empirical and theoretical studies. The third chapter described the methodology employed by the researcher in collecting both the primary and the secondary data. The research method employed here is the descriptive survey method. The study analyzed and presented the data collected in tables and tested the hypotheses using the chi-square statistical tool. While the fifth chapter gives the study summary and conclusion.
The students who engage in drug abuse swerve to calamitous lane as the purpose for attending school may never be accomplished. It is an aberration for the beneficiaries of education to be on the frolic of their own, with an unmet target. It is pertinent now to be more concerned than before on this issue of drug abuse after taking cognizance of what the victims are passing through in life so as to avert its pernicious captivity, especially among the students. The awareness of the complex nature of the effects of drug abuse should invoke unrelenting effort of everyone and the government to curbing this scourge.
The concerned students withdraw from their lessons and classes to a hideout and other isolated areas to take drugs at the expense of their education. As long as students indulge in drug abuse, they are bound to under-perform and fail the subjects, and knowledge already gained may be wasted in the course of time. Drug abuse breeds misbehavior and criminality in the school environment such as disrespect to teachers, rape, extortion and stealing, cultism, brutality and other social vices. All these are aimed at disrupting school activities. Students who abused drugs to gain academic success never realized this target, and the end result is that they become drug addicts or barons instead of academicians, defeating the goals of education.
Based on the findings from the study, the following recommendations are suggested:
- Appropriate sanctions or penalty must be meted out to any student caught in drug abuse so as to serve as deterrent to other students. There should be heartfelt publicity through lectures, campaigns, rallies, symposiums, seminars etc to educate and enlighten the students the effects of drug abuse.
- Serious war should be declared against those making the drugs available and drastic measures should be taken against the sellers of prohibited drugs so as to clamp down their activities across the country.
- There should be a routine appraisal on the academic performance of each student apart from examinations.
- There should be quick and appropriate response to the victims of drug abuse in school so as to reduce the harmful effect in their body and reform them.
- The school environment should be properly fenced to forestall unwarranted hideout for the students.
- The government agencies, especially National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) and National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) and other concerned organizations should intervene and engage in sensitization programmes and establish links with schools.
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