Developing Aquaculture In Degraded Inland Areas In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Fishery and Aquaculture

Developing Aquaculture In Degraded Inland Areas In Nigeria


Abstract


In this study, our focus was on the Developing Aquaculture In Degraded Inland Areas In Nigeria, Anambra State as case study. The study is was specifically focused on examining the level of degradations of the inland areas in Nigeria; examining the process of aquaculture development in degraded inland areas in Nigeria and identifying the effect of degraded inland area on aquaculture development in Nigeria. .

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are registered fish farmers Anambra State.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Nigeria, the country of many rivers, is also rich in lakes, reservoirs and wetlands but many of them had been degraded due to a lot of factors (FGN, 1993). Sustainable fisheries production and development depends largely upon good aquatic environment. It is generally accepted that the future well-being of a developing country such as Nigeria, will depend upon a much wiser balance between exploitation and conservation of natural resources in order to achieve sustainable systems that would avoid environmental degradation (Butt, 1985).

The quality of the aquatic medium determines success to a very large extent in fisheries and aquaculture. Paulin (1989) noted that “the aquatic medium is in direct and immediate contact with the metabolic processes of fish”. Relevant soil structure and composition and natural environmental factors (e.g. pH, dissolved oxygen concentration, temperature, salinity) all influence the quality of the medium, which is turn determines the health of the fish and their performance. For quite some time now, Nigerian freshwater ecosystems are being damaged and degraded at accelerating rates by toxic contamination from industrial and urban pollution, infectious diseases, dam construction, irrigation, factory farming, forest and wetland destruction. Consequently, there has been a steady increase in the quality and diversity of discharges that reach our freshwater environment (Anko & Eyo, 2001).

Without question, the lack of available quality inland areas has emerged as the greatest threat to sustainable fisheries and aquaculture. Freshwater must be a national commons. Most human beings in developing countries like Nigeria view freshwater as a universal heritage of society. Our common societal heritage of freshwater demands ecological maturation in the use of these finite resources. According to Ita (1993), in every regard to national health, agriculture and economics, the continued over exploitation and misuse of finite freshwater resources is directly causal to the progressively deteriorating fish production and general standard of living. We must recognize that fisheries and aquaculture development depends on maintaining satisfactory water quality.

The integration of basic understanding of the inland water systems with applied problems and their solutions should be of concern to all stakeholders in our freshwater resources. The study highlights the importance of quality inland area in Nigeria for fisheries including aquaculture and examines the various sources of degradation their impacts and possible control measures for effective development of aquaculture.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Degradation of inland waters in Nigeria occurs in both rural and urban areas. In the rural areas inland waters such as rivers, streams and lakes are usually polluted by inorganic substances used in agricultural activities usually pollute streams and lakes. Such substances include fertilizers pesticides and herbicides. These substances applied on farmlands are sometimes washed down by rain into stagnant ponds and pools of water on the plain and also into storage reservoirs.

Excessive load of fertilizers (nutrients) in the water, generate, excessive growth of phytoplankton, which in turn can lead to high biological oxygen demand, thus resulting in aquatic degradation as a result of drastic oxygen depletion of the water, causing much stress to the great majority of fish species, which gradually die off. Many factories in Nigeria are located on riverbanks and use the rivers as open sewers for their effluent. Improper disposal of untreated industrial wastes has resulted in -coloured, murky, odorous and unwholesome fresh waters, fish-kills and a loss of water quality.

The major industries responsible for water pollution in Nigeria include petroleum, mining (for gold, tin and coal), wood and pulp, pharmaceuticals, textiles, plastics, iron and steel, brewing, distillery fermentation, paint, beverages and food. However, this study is examining how aquaculture can be developed even with these degradations in Nigeria


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The following are the objectives of this study:

  1. To examine the level of degradations of the inland areas in Nigeria.
  2. To examine the process of aquaculture development in degraded inland areas in Nigeria.
  3. To identify the effect of degraded inland area on aquaculture development in Nigeria.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the level of degradations of the inland areas in Nigeria?
  2. What is the process of aquaculture development in degraded inland areas in Nigeria?
  3. What are the effects of degraded inland area on aquaculture development in Nigeria?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The following are the significance of this study:

  1. The outcome of this study will educate on the level of degradation of the inland area in Nigeria and the effects of these degradations on aquaculture development.
  2. This research will be a contribution to the body of literature in the area of the effect of personality trait on student’s academic performance, thereby constituting the empirical literature for future research in the subject area

1.6 Scope / Limitations of the Study

This study will cover the level of inland area degradation in Nigeria and its effect on aquaculture development.

Limitation of Study
Financial constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the Developing Aquaculture In Degraded Inland Areas In Nigeria, Anambra State as case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the Developing Aquaculture In Degraded Inland Areas In Nigeria, Anambra State as case study. The study is was specifically focused on examining the level of degradations of the inland areas in Nigeria; examining the process of aquaculture development in degraded inland areas in Nigeria and identifying the effect of degraded inland area on aquaculture development in Nigeria. .

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are registered fish farmers Anambra State.


5.3 Conclusions

With respect to the analysis and the findings of this study, the following conclusions emerged;

It is increasingly necessary, first to monitor the state of the aquatic ecosystem, and then to manage human interventions (including those by fishers) within that ecosystem. Only within such a framework will it be possible for capture fisheries to continue to be a source of food and income for future generations. Pollution of inland waters in Africa, in contrast to the situation in most developed countries, is often the result of poverty, socio-economic underdevelopment and lack of planning, and in comparison with temperate regions, there are relatively few studies concerning contamination of African inland waters.

Nigeria’s aquatic ecosystems are currently under threat of localized or widespread physical, organic, and biological pollution. Most of the freshwater ecosystem in the country is subject to various pressures from human activity and, like most developing countries, Nigeria lacks funds for sustained research and routine monitoring of inland waters for pollution and pollutants. With the expected increase in urbanization and socio-economic activities around tropical inland waters, there is a need for increased under- standing of inputs, distribution, and fate of contaminants (Biney et al., 1994). Special care should be taken to keep fish habitats clean because fish are particularly sensitive to water pollution. They are also vulnerable to variations in water levels and temperature, particularly during spawning.

Data from industrialized countries situated in temperate ecosystems can be applied, but with caution, to tropical conditions: toxicity; persistence and accumulation rates probably differ. More work is therefore needed, to step up environmental research, legislation, and monitoring and control if Nigeria’s aquatic system is to be soundly managed.


How To Get The Complete Material For Developing Aquaculture In Degraded Inland Areas In Nigeria


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The Complete Material will be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make a Mobile Transfer or POS Payment of ₦3,000 to any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current
Zenith BankAccount No.: 1225513212
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 80 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  • Payment Details
  • Email Address 
  • Developing Aquaculture In Degraded Inland Areas In Nigeria

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To Your Email Address After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “Developing Aquaculture In Degraded Inland Areas In Nigeria” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Developing Aquaculture In Degraded Inland Areas In Nigeria” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.