Design And Implementation Of A Web Based Application For Insurance Service

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering


Abstract


The insurance industry worldwide is facing the challenges of deregulation, consolidation and convergence of financial services. There is today a pressing demand for cutting edge services of insurance business management and enriched customer experiences at a significantly lower cost.

This software provides five types of Insurance services, which include Life Insurance, medical Insurance, Motor Insurance, home Insurance and Travel Insurance.Presently this project follows Internet mode i.e. the details can be viewed and updated by the officials of the company. In the project, a User can view the details of various policies and schemes offered by the Insurance Company. New Users can register with the site so that he can get information online.An existing policyholder can view his policy details and calculate the premium.The web site provides information about the new strategies and subsidiary Schemes of the company, provides loan facility for policyholders and online payments.

This software is developed in ASP.Net using vb.net as front end and MS access database as back-end on Windows platform.The project was completed using the structured system and design methodology (SSADM).


Table Of Contents


  • Title Page I
  • Certification Page Ii
  • Approval Page Iii
  • Dedication Iv
  • Acknowledgement V
  • Table Of Content Vi
  • Abstract 1

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background Of Study 2
  • 1.2 Statement Of The Problem 4
  • 1.3 Objective Of The Study 5
  • 1.4 Significance Of Study 5
  • 1.5 Scope Of Study 7
  • 1.6 Limitations Of The Study 7
  • 1.7 Diffinition Of Terms 8
  • 1.8 Organization Of Work 10

Chapter Two

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Principles Of Insurance 12
  • 2.2 Insurability 13
  • 2.3 Legal 16
  • 2.4 Research On The Effects Of Insurance On The Society 17
  • 2.5 Claims 18
  • 2.6 Marketing 20

Chapter Three

Research Methodology And System Analysis

  • 3.0 Introduction 22
  • 3.1 Analysis Of The Present System 23
  • 3.2 Input And Output Documents 24
  • 3.3 Analysis Of The Proposed System 25
  • 3.4 Description Of The New System 26
  • 3.4.1 Decision Analysis Phase 27
  • 3.4.2 Design Phase 28
  • 3.4.3 Construction Phase 28
  • 3.4.4 Advantages Of The New System 28
  • Data Flow Diagram 30
  • 3.6 High Level Model Of Proposed System 30

Chapter Four

System Design And Implementation

  • 4.0 Introduction 32
  • 4.1 Objective Of The New System 32
  • 4.2 Main Menu 33
  • 4.3 Database Specification 34
  • 4.4 Input/Output Format 35
  • 4.5 The System Flowchart 36
  • 4.6 Program Documenetation And Implementation 37
  • 4.7 Implementation Layout 39
  • 4.8 Maintenance And Management 43
  • 4.9 Hardware Maintenance 43
  • 4.10 Data Validation 43
  • 4.11 Language Justification 43
  • 4.12 Hardware And Operating System Requirements 44
  • 4.13 Software Testing 45

Chapter Five

Summary, Recommendation And Conclusion

  • 5.0 Summary 46
  • 5.1 Recommendation 47
  • 5.2 Conclusion 47

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

Insurance is a contract for payment of a sum of money to the person assured on the happening of the event insured against. Usually the contract provides for the payment of an amount on the date of maturity or at specified dates at periodic intervals or at unfortunate death, if it occurs earlier. Among other things, the contract also provides for the payment of premium periodically to the Corporation by the assured. Insurance is universally acknowledged to be an institution which eliminates `risk’, substituting certainty for uncertainty and comes to the timely aid of the family in the unfortunate event of death of the breadwinner.

Insurance is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent, uncertain loss. Insurance is defined as the equitable transfer of the risk of a loss, from one entity to another, in exchange for payment. An insurer is a company selling the insurance; the insured, or policyholder, is the person or entity buying the insurance policy. The amount to be charged for a certain amount of insurance coverage is called the premium. Risk management, the practice of appraising and controlling risk, has evolved as a discrete field of study and practice.

The transaction involves the insured assuming a guaranteed and known relatively small loss in the form of payment to the insurer in exchange for the insurer’s promise to compensate (indemnify) the insured in the case of a financial (personal) loss. The insured receives a contract, called the insurance policy, which details the conditions and circumstances under which the insured will be financially compensated.

Insurance involves pooling funds from many insured entities (known as exposures) to pay for the losses that some may incur. The insured entities are therefore protected from risk for a fee, with the fee being dependent upon the frequency and severity of the event occurring. In order to be insurable, the risk insured against must meet certain characteristics in order to be an insurable risk. Insurance is a commercial enterprise and a major part of the financial services industry, but individual entities can also self-insure through saving money for possible future losses.


1.1 Background Of Study

We look back in history at who first felt the need for a guarantee against loss, and who gave them that guarantee. Way back in Babylonian times, around 2100 B.C.(Frank J. 2008), the Code of Hammurabi was the first basic insurance policy. This policy was paid by the traders in the form of a loan to guarantee the safe arrival of their goods by caravan. Of course, caravans faced the same kind of perils our transportation industry faces today – like robbery, bad weather and breakdowns.

Now the insurance industry was growing to huge proportions. The companies, though competitive, worked together to create productive systems that could be used throughout the industry. They needed to keep up with the requirements of the increasing amount of laws governing insurance. For example, the Workmen’s Compensation Act of 1897 in Britain required employers to insure their employees against industrial mishaps. This also fostered what we know today as public liability insurance, which came strongly into play when the automobile arrived on the scene.(Brown RL. (1993).

Brown RL 1993 also said that in the 19th century, many societies were founded to insure the life and health of their members. Fraternal orders were created to provide low-cost insurance strictly for their members. Today, many of these fraternal orders and labor organizations still exist. Most employers offer group insurance policies for their employees, providing them with life insurance, sickness and accident benefits, and pensions.

Now insurance was the accepted thing to do. Everybody needed to protect themselves against the many risks in life. Farmers wanted crop insurance. People wanted deposit insurance at their banks. Travellers wanted travel insurance. Everybody turned to insurance companies to give them peace of mind. And really, isn’t that what insurance is – the paying of a premium to protect against some form of loss. This project is aimed at automating the insurance service.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Tracking a policy and tracking the performance of sales force in insurance companies have become methodical and almost flawed in the manual system of tracking and evaluation of sales force performance. Lead distribution and tracking need to be more systematized on computerized platform of insurance serviceapplication. After studying the insurance company and their services, I found the following problems:

  1. It is hard to centralize the core information of policy holders because the manual workload high, thus the chances of error is high.
  2. The manual system administration does not ensure complete control over the database thus control over all sorts of fraudulent activities cannot be ensured.
  3. The intra-network and coordination between different departments of an insurance business isineffective and time consuming
  4. Poor data management and processing.

1.3 Objective Of The Study

After analyzing the above problem, I noted that the solution will be an online application that will address the problems mentioned above. Therefore among the objectives of this study are to provide a system that will:

  1. Not only save time and money, but also enable the buyers to compare the terms and premium amount of different insurance service providers.
  2. Ensure speed, accuracy and effective cost control. People can access the twin benefits of quick accessibility and minimum paper work.
  3. Centralize the core information of policy holders and reduces manual workload, thus minimizes the chances of error
  4. Ensure complete control over the database thus controls all sorts of fraudulent activities
  5. Ensure better data management and processing in comparison to conventional and manual processing.

1.4 Significance Of Study

This project study has several significance that we can attest to. This section provides insight into the significance of this study.

This significance of the proposed system are:

Removal of uncertainties:

Insurance Company takes the risks of large but uncertain losses in exchange for small premium. So it gives a sense of security, which is real gift to the business man. If all uncertainty could be removed from business, income would be sure. Insurance removed many uncertainties and to that extent is profitable.

Stimulant of business enterprise:

Insurance facilitates to maintain the large size commercial and industrial organizations. No large scale industrial undertaking could function in the modern world without the transfer of many of its risks to insurer. It safeguards capital and at the same time it avoids the necessity on the part of industrialists. They are therefore free to use their capital as may seem best. An online application helps them to this.

Promotion of saving:

Saving is a device of preparing for the bad consequences of the future. Insurance policy is often very suitable way of providing for the future. This type of policy is found particularly in life assurance. It promotes savings by making it compulsory which has a beneficial effect both for the individual and nation.

Correct distribution of cost:

Insurance helps to maintain correct distribution of cost. Every business man tries to pass on to the consumer all types of costs including accidental and losses also. In the various fields of Insurance such losses are correctly estimated keeping in view a vast number of factors bearing on them. In the absence of insurance application services, these losses and costs would be assessed and distributed only by guess work.


1.5 Scope Of Study

The system was restricted to the following areas during the development. The system provides only five types of Insurance services, which include Life Insurance, medical Insurance, motor Insurance, home Insurance and travel Insurance. There are other types of insurance which it doesn’t support. New Users can access the site so as to get information online. An existing policyholder can view his policy details. The web site provides information about the new strategies and subsidiary Schemes of the company. All other types of insurance like breast insurance is beyond the scope of this research work.


1.6 Limitations Of The Study

Some setbacks were encountered during the research. These include:

  1. Lack of quality textbooks or materials on online administration and insurance policy.
  2. Financial difficulties due to the economic situation in Nigeria also posed a major constraint this research work because there was no enough fund to carry out a very vast research on other forms of insurance.
  3. Inconsistence power supply in Uli, which hinders the development of the program.
  4. Limited time for thorough research.

1.7 Definition Of Terms

Insurance:

This is a financial protection against loss or harm: an arrangement by which a company gives customers financial protection against loss or harm such as theft or illness in return for payment premium.

Casualty:

Liability or loss resulting from an accident.

Liability:

Broadly, any legally enforceable obligation. The term is most commonly used in a pecuniary sense.

Liability Insurance:

Insurance that pays and renders service on behalf of an insured for loss arising out of his responsibility, due to negligence, to others imposed by law or assumed by contract.

Dividend:

The return of part of the policy’s premium for a policy issued on a participating basis by either a mutual or stock insurer. A portion of the surplus paid to the stockholders of a corporation.

Death Benefit:

The limit of insurance or the amount of benefit that will be paid in the event of the death of a covered person.

Insurance Quote:

It is an estimate of the cost of your insurance. Depending upon the type of insurance you are buying the final cost may be higher or lower than the estimate.

Policy:

Policy is a course of action: a program of actions adopted by a person, group, or government, or the set of principles on which they are based. In this context, it is the set of actions adopted by the insurance firm.

Web Portal:

This is a link page, presents information from diverse sources in a unified way.

SSADM:

Structural system analysis and design methodology.


1.8 Organization Of Work

Chapter one:

Insurance service. I also provided the problem that led to the development of the system. The objectives of the study, significance of study, scope of study, limitation of study.

Chapter two:

Literature review of insurance service, basically what people have done on the topic.

Chapter three:

The research methodology, the step followed and analysis of the existing system.

Chapter four:

The design and implementation of the system, the data dictionary, input-output specification, table format/structure, hardware

Chapter five:

Recommendation and future development; Summary, conclusion and then references.


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