The Design And Implementation Of A Soft-Ware-Based Luggage Billing System For An Air Line (A Case Study:Sosoliso Air Line Enugu)

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Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering


Dedication


This project is dedicated to my beloved parents, Mr. & Mrs. Nweke, and also dedicated to God almighty omnipotent who can remove all plagues. I also dedicate this project to Ujunwa, daughter of my brother and his wife Chi-agozie and my beloved brother, Mr. Collins, Chief Accountant of Orteh-Engineering and Constant Company and his lovely wife Chika. And also dedicate this project to all my friends:Ogochukwu, Jua-chukwu, Bekky, Tony, Uche and Chidebere. And my brothers:Chi-boy, Chidera Onyeka, Chibuike and my Sisters:Onyinye, Chineye and Scholastica and his lovely son, Oluchukwu, for their understanding and encouragement during the writing.


Acknowledgement


First and foremost I am very grateful to the Almighty God who guarded, protected and gave me the privilege to receive his favor and sufficient grace throughout my stay in the school, to him be Glory.

My sincere gratitude goes to my beloved parents Mr./Mrs. C.O. Nweke, my brother Mr. Collins N. (Chief Accountant Orteh Engr. Company Lagos) and my brother Mr. Obiora (Korea Japan) and my sister Mrs. Scholastica and his wonderful son Oluchukwu for their financial and moral support thought the period of my studies.

My regards goes to my project supervisor Mr. Okoro whom among all his commitment still spends his time in advising, suggesting and supervising my work for reality.

I own special thanks to my H.O.D. Mr. I.C. Aneke Associate of computer science student (NACOSS) and COAN (IMT) chapter for the opportunity given to me to serve. I am indebted to all my friends and classmates (Uche, Chidebere, Ogochukwu, C.K.C, Ifeanyi, Juachukwu and Tony) for their support and inspiration and encouragement.


Organization Of The Work


The incorporation of intelligence in device previously thought to be dumb has opened up new possibilities in man-machine interaction.

Chapter 1and 2 of this work gave the introduction where the statement of the problems purpose of the study significant of the study, scope or delimitation of the study and the review of literatures respectively.

Chapter 3 deals with the description and of analysis of the existing system, highlighting how information flow, problems and objective.

The design of the new system is discussed in chapter. This discusses fully the software luggage billing system. It highlights the output and input specification and their design it also depicts the general flow of information with system and procedure flowcharts.

Chapter 5 is the implementation stage where a pictorial overview of the developed software system has been given in a program flowchart. The menus and sub-menus have been highlighted while the modules have been identified and their function explained. The integration of the developed software with the hardware is described and tested accordingly.

Having know the problems which users do encounter in trying to use a newly developed system.
Chapter 6 has given steps and procedures which can be easily followed to enable efficient and effective use of the system.

The last chapter has recommended this work to the organizations which may find it appropriate in luggage billing objects having listed its advantages over the traditional method. This is also the concluding chapter of the work.


Table Of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgment
  • Organizational the Work
  • Table of Content
  • Abstract

Chapter One

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Statement of the Problems
  • 1.2 Purpose of the Study
  • 1.3 Significant of the Study
  • 1.4 Scope or Delimitation of the Study
  • 1.5 Limitation and Constraints
  • 1.6 Assumption
  • 1.7 Definition of the Terms

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 Literature Review

Chapter Three

  • 3.0 Description & Analysis Of The Existing System
  • 3.1 Fact Finding Method Used
  • 3.2 Structure Administration
  • 3.3 Organizational Structure
  • 3.4 Objective of Existing System
  • 3.5 Input, Process, Output Analysis
  • 3.6 Information Flow Diagram
  • 3.7 Problems of the Existing System
  • 3.8 Justification for the New System

Chapter Four

  • 4.0 Design Of The New System
  • 4.1 Output Specification and Design
  • 4.2 Input Specification and Design
  • 4.3 Procedure Chart
  • 4.4 System Flow Chart
  • 4.5 The Software Design
  • 4.6 System Requirement

Chapter Five

  • 5.0 Implementation
  • 5.1 Program Design
  • 5.2 Program Flow Chart
  • 5.3 Program Source Code
  • 5.4 Test Ran

Chapter Six

  • 6.0 Documentation

Chapter Seven

  • 7.0 Conclusion & Recommendation
  • 7.1 Recommendation
  • 7.2 Conclusion
  • Appendix
  • References

Abstract


Instruments used for weighing are found in many organizations at the sea and airports for weighing of luggages, at the post office of Sosoliso for weighing and billing determination of items.

Normally these organizations make use of ordinary bulky scales in analog form. The problems with these techniques are; the bill of a read weight of item and inefficiency.

The aim of this project is therefore to design, develop and implement a viable software system that may be modified to read analog signals translated by Analog-Digital-converter (ADC). The designed system accepts unit weight of items and rate (depends on the distance), computes bills and generates a comprehensive airbill for parcel/luggage section of Sosoliso airline.

The system is expected to be very fast in computation precise in bill determination, flexible, easy to read and has storage facilities. It is intelligent and therefore can be easily adjusted and adapted to suit other applications not incorporated in this design by hardware expansion and software modification.

A through description of the hardware design and requirement of an automated luggage weighing device which may implement the developed software system has been given as a stand point for further research.


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

We all know that micro-processor have became one of the must widely used technology in the field of computing information processing and management real-time processing, telecommunication e.t.c.

Briefly, some of the most impressive change which the microprocessor revolution has liquidifies are:-

  1. Low cost of computing machinery and micro-processor based device
  2. Tremendous improvement in the system reliability and some times reduction in the size of such systems.
  3. The accuracy and consistency of such system when properly programmed requires no over emphasis.
  4. Increased speed of computation leading to higher through put.

These important attributes possessed have led to their wide application in so many area of life from computer system, home appliance to serious industrial and other office machineries.

An automated luggage billing device is an instrument, which is used in determining the weight of object placed on its load cell. This device may be constructed in such a way that it could be connected to a computer system for direct weight transmission and the whole system may become computerized using an effective software system. The system consists of a strain-guage transducer on which the luggage is placed. The guage voltage is proportional to weight placed on it. The voltage is fed directly to an ADC means (Analog-Digital converter) which in turn converts the signals to corresponding binary code and presents it via register. The binary coded data is usually received by the decoder/demultipler as signals from the input lives of the internal expansion.

Having known how an automated billing device works, a computer software-base luggage billing system for parcel and luggage section of Sosoliso air line is a software which may implement such device. It has been designed to accept weight of the luggage, the distance (km) between location and destination in order to produce a comprehensive bill which could be stored and manipulated according to users choice.


1.1 The Statement Of The Problem

Here I am trying to identify the problems in carrying out the study. Some of the questions to be asked are as follows:

  1. What are the factors militating against the effective software based luggage billing system in an air line?
  2. To what extent is it effective?
  3. Should software based luggage billing system in an air line be encouraged?

The research project could be able to answer these questions at the end through the careful explanation & presentation in line with stadarolized statistical concept as to achieve the desired inference.


1.2 Purpose Of The Study

The main purpose of this work is to design-develop and implement a viable software system which will be adopted in any organization that handles any luggage weighing objects and consequently requires the bill of such weight luggages.


1.3 Significant Of The Study

The knowledge of software based luggage billing system in an air line enables the computer and software based luggage billing department to know the type of luggage, contents, check the security of the luggage, number of luggage, owner of the luggage etc. The study will help to determine whether the company meets its target & service level in luggage billing system. Specifically the study will be remarkable in that it will help in:

  1. Checking exact content of the luggage so as to avoid transportation of dangerous and bad goods.
  2. Extending a small (domestic) air line to a very large air-line to a very large air-line (international)
  3. Having a good luggage checking for a good turn over and operation; and
  4. Making an important contribution to the over all success in an air-line.

1.4 Scope Of Delimitation Of Study

This work is mainly concerned will the software development that implement an automated luggage billing device. It lists the necessary components and specificants and describes thoroughly the construction and integration o the device with the developed software system.


1.5 Limitation And Constraints

During the course of this work, material that are really related to this project were hardly found. There was lack of little technical assistance. The author was also constrained of finance and time which would give her enough opportunity to incorporate a lot of applications and to perform series of test runs.


1.6 Assumption

As a matter of convenience, the researcher assumes the each customer could be identified by his/her serial number which ranges between 1–999. It also assumed that the highest number of different luggage which a customer could posses at a times is five (5) whose weights are read from the manual scale of the existing system.


1.7 Definition Of Term

The under listed terms are defined according to their usage in the project.

System Software:

It is designed to the computer

Communication Control:

It is the movement of data between paints in network can only be achieved though proper communication control.

Data Security:

Its is a physical protection of data

Operating Flow:

It is about working ensuring smooth flow of operations

Computer System:

It is a device which accepts data in one form and process it to provide information in another form.

Weighing Device:

It is an instrument used in determining the weight of an object placed on its laod cell.


I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.

SAMPHINA

SAMPHINA

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of samphina.com.ng a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials. A musician as well as a developer with the interest of Nigeria students at heart. If you need a professional website, contact him via WhatsApp or phone call @ 08143831497 to get the best.

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