Design And Implementation Of Land Ownership Documentation System (Case Study Of Ministry Of Land And Survey)

Computer Science Project Material with Source Code Included

Computer Science Project Material with Source Code Included


Abstract


Land is a free gift of nature and a factor of production, land tenure is the name given, particularly in common law systems, to the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual, due to the fact that Keeping record of lands and their owners has been a great task to government and the governed, access to land information proves difficult that most times people are defrauded due to lack of land information, illegal sales of lands without the consent of the owner are very common etc. This work ‘Computerized Land ownership document system’ is designed to help keep record of land which includes: the size of the land, Location of the land, the type of houses to be built on such lands, the owners of purchased Lands and so on. Therefore this, software is developed to keep record of land ownership document system. As such making it easy to keep detail information on land size, location, ownership and type of house to be built on the land and also easy accessibility of stored records, hence the record in this software will be stored in a database. I recommend that the ministry of Land and survey sees and embraces this work for convenient and efficient way to keep information of land. This application has been developed to run on visual basic 6.0 environment.


Table of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of content
  • Abstract

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Purpose of the study
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Constraints and limitations
  • 1.8 Definitions of terms

Chapter Two

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Land Registration
  • 2.2 Land Contract
  • 2.3 Cadastre
  • 2.4 Management information system
  • 2.6 Management System

Chapter Three

System Analysis and Design

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Methodology
  • 3.2.2 Population of the Study:
  • 3.3 Analysis of the current/ Existing System
  • 3.4 Requirements specification
  • 3.4.1 Functional requirement
  • 3.4.2 Non- Functional Requirements
  • 3.5 Analysis Model
  • 3.5.1 Use case diagram
  • 3.5.2 Activity Diagram
  • 3.5.2.1 Login/ Log out Form
  • 3.5.2.2 Customer Registration Form
  • 3.6 System Architecture
  • 3.6.1 Physical architecture: Three/Four Tier Language Architecture
  • 3.6.1.2 Logical Architecture
  • 3.7 Design Model
  • 3.7.1 Class Design
  • 3.7.2 Interface design
  • 3.7.3 Data management design

Chapter Four

System Design and Justification of the software

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Justification of Software Development Tool/Environment
  • 4.2 .1 Output Specification and Design
  • 4.2.2 Input Design and Specification
  • 4.5 System Testing and Output
  • 4.6 Documentation

Chapter Five

Summary, Recommendations and Conclusion

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Recommendation
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Land use, land valuation, is among the oldest questions in economic theory, (Shavell, 2004). Land is an essential input (factor of production) for agriculture, and agriculture is by far the most important economic activity in preindustrial societies. With the advent of industrialization, important new uses for land emerge, as sites for factories, warehouses, offices, and urban agglomerations. Also, the value of real property takes the form of man-made structures and machinery increases relative to the value of land alone. The concept of real property eventually comes to encompass effectively all forms of tangible fixed capital. With the rise of extractive industries, real property comes to encompass natural capital. With the rise of tourism and leisure, real property comes to include scenic and other amenity values.

Starting in the 1960s, as part of the emerging field of law and economics, economists and legal scholars began to study the property rights enjoyed by tenants under the various estates, and the economic benefits and costs of the various estates, (Epstein,2007). This resulted in a much-improved understanding of the property rights enjoyed by tenants under the various estates. These include the right to:

  1. Decide how a piece of real property is used;
  2. Exclude others from enjoying the property;
  3. Transfer (alienate) some or all of these rights to others on mutually agreeable terms;
  4. Nature and consequences of transaction costs when changing and transferring estates.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem

  1. Keeping records of lands and their owners have been a great task to government and the governed.
  2. Access to land information proves difficult that most times people are defrauded due to lack of land information.
  3. Illegal sales of lands without the consent of the owner are very common.
  4. Certificate of occupancy is usually a problem. Litigation which results in death and destruction
  5. Valuation of land for the purpose of paying tax to government is not achieved. Hence the need for computerization of land ownership document system.

1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The objective of this study is to develop a software that will keep information on:

  1. Land size, Land location, Landowners, Land use information.
  2. To facilitate the preparation of certificate of occupancy.
  3. To assist the prospective buyers to ascertain the ownership and availability of the property.
  4. To enhance the preparation of lease.
  5. To forestall land speculation, with its attendant violence, destruction of lives and property.
  6. To promote land information security.

1.3 Purpose Of The Study

The purpose of this work is to make land information accessible to both government and individuals who may like to acquire land properties.


1.4 Significance Of The Study

The project work will help in a good number of ways to make land information available to users. The software developed can:

  1. Keep a database of all the lands in the state
  2. Enable retrieval of land information
  3. Guide buyers on how to buy and who to meet
  4. Educate buyers on the type of house to build in an area for proper town planning.

1.5 Scope Of The Study

This research work is limited to land information storage and retrieval using the ministry of land and survey as a case study. The software developed will be carried out using Visual Basic to manage the database.


1.6 Constraints And Limitations

Due to technical difficulties, limited access to confidential data, the information gathered was limited to house acquisition, usage, and property ownership laws. All aspects left out were due to time and also confidentiality of some property documents.


1.7 Definition Of Terms

Databases:

A systematically arranged collection of computer data, structured so that it can be automatically retrieved or manipulated. It is also called databank.

Fee Tail:

Under common law, this is hereditary, non-transferable ownership of real property.

Feudal Land Ownership:

A system of mutual obligations under which a royal or noble personage granted a fiefdom


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In summary, this Academic Work has done a great deal of giving a broad knowledge of what Land ownership documentation system is all about using Ministry of Land and Survey as a case study. It went as far as highlighting the works of the application.


5.2 Conclusion

From this Academic Work, I have been able to introduce what the application is all about and how it can be used, it has achieve the full aim of letting the public know what Land ownership documentation system is all about.


5.3 Recommendation

I hereby recommend this Academic work to be used by staff and management of ……. and indeed any other Institution with similar structure and organizational framework for the following reasons:

  1. The academic work has been able to solve the problem related to easy access of the system.
  2. The application has allows the customer to have contact with the car seller whenever there is a need of land.

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