Design And Implementation Of A Football Stadium Ticket Acquisition And Reservation System (A Case Study Of Ibom International Stadium, Uyo)

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering

Design And Implementation Of A Football Stadium Ticket Acquisition And Reservation System (A Case Study Of Ibom International Stadium, Uyo)


Abstract


This research study focused on design and implementation of a football stadium ticket acquisition and reservation system, using Ibom International Stadium, Uyo as a case study. Football stadiums are in the business of reserving seats whenever there is a major football event to be held in the stadium. To efficiently allocate seats to as many that attend the game, there is need for an automated system that will ensure that tickets sold are recorded for easy confirmation before entry into the stadium to witness the football event and also to enable the administrator gain easy access to record of tickets sold. In an attempt to make this possible, an automated football stadium ticket acquisition has been developed to facilitate reservation of seats pertaining to the general and VIP categories of the football stadium. The software development methodology used is spiral model and the programming language used is Visual Basic 6.0.


Table of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgment
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Theoretical Background
  • 1.2 Statement of Problem
  • 1.3 Aim and Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Significance of the Study
  • 1.5 Scope of the Study
  • 1.6 Organization of the Research
  • 1.7 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Literature Review

  • 2.0 Introduction
  • 2.1 Football Game Overview
  • 2.2 E-Management of Football Game Tickets
  • 2.2.1 Online Ticket Booking/Reservation for Stadium Management
  • 2.3 Problems of Manual Ticketing System in Sporting Industry
  • 2.4 Examples of Football Stadium Ticket Management System Applications

Chapter Three:

System Analysis and Design

  • 3.0 Introduction
  • 3.1 Research Methodology
  • 3.2 System Analysis
  • 3.2.1 Analysis of the Existing System
  • 3.2.2 Problems of the Existing System
  • 3.2.3 Analysis of the Proposed System
  • 3.2.3.1 Advantages of the Proposed System
  • 3.2.3.2 Disadvantages of the Proposed System
  • 3.3 System Design
  • 3.3.1 Input Layout
  • 3.3.2 Output Layout
  • 3.3.3 Program Flowchart

Chapter Four:

System Implementation and Documentation

  • 4.0 Introduction
  • 4.1 System Design Diagram
  • 4.2 Choice of Programming Language
  • 4.3 Analysis of Modules
  • 4.4 Programming Environment
  • 4.4.1 Hardware Requirements
  • 4.4.2 Software Requirements
  • 4.5 Implementation

Chapter Five:

Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion

  • 5.0 Introduction
  • 5.1 Constraints of the Study
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • References
  • Appendix A (Program Flowchart)
  • Appendix B (Source Code)
  • Appendix C (Output)

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

Stadium is a centerpiece for the hosting of major events especially sport events such as football. It is one thing to have a stadium, and itโ€™s another thing to manage it. Ticket acquisition is a vital aspect of stadium management. The system can also be considered to be a critical one, as the failure of it would result in significant financial loss for the company managing the stadium, and, in the case of the software failing, potentially thousands of angry fans stuck outside the ground, many of whom may decide not to return โ€“ against this would have implications for the managers of the stadium, and probably the software developers too. Therefore, the system must be created using well established principles of software engineering that guarantee a high degree of reliability.

The main aims of this research is to create a reliable and easy to use system which will simplify the purchasing of tickets. A more efficient and modern entry system to the ground, which will reduce costs on a match-by- match basis and to provide a fairer system for distributing tickets while monitoring the seating capacity.


1.1 Theoretical Background

With the development of sport in the world, problems have arisen in the infrastructure of sports facilities and techniques used in the management of these facilities. Since we are in the era of information technology, any problem you are looking for a solution to it can be the use of information technology. The search for a solution to the problems facing the management of sports facilities, is embedded in the use of information technology.

In this project, we will try to find solutions to the problems facing the management of football stadiums through the development of a football stadium ticket acquisition and reservation system. This study will convert the traditional system for the management of football stadiums to the electronic system so as to reduce problems for workers in football stadiums and football clubs and football audience.

The system enables management and organization of the football stadium in terms of reception games, clubs, audience in a flexible and easily without conflicts of dates, so that coordination with the Football Association in scheduling games and is included on the site of each stadium and the fan reserve the ticket for the match through the same website. Advance football stadium management systems can also organize sub-stadiums (training) of the main stadium, which are booked by clubs and organize the available times for reserve and the cost of reserve and are reserve the same location.

This system will find accurate statistics every match, in terms of the number of the audience each match and the total number of audience in every championship. And the financial revenues generated from the sale of tickets.

This system is the organization of training stadiums reservations, which will be available to determine the times of the reservations, and provide information on the state of the stadium, whether it is busy or available.

Some of the most important things that the system provides in particular: Ticket management, scheduling times of matches, etc.

Technological development has become very fast and effective in recent times, as there is a large interaction between the human and computer, which has become now included in all areas of life and help people in carrying out their daily business or any other activity with ease and less time as possible. And technological development is still going on and looking for new people and can benefit from the best image, technology has entered in the various aspects of life. In stadium management, the computer system and other technologies like networking and database management programming can be applied to solve different problems.


1.2 Statement of Problem

Stadium managers have the problem of managing the booking of seats for a game or group of games to be witnessed by football fans. The manual system of purchasing tickets may not be effective considering the fact that counterfeits can be produced and also sold to unsuspecting spectators. The security issues and financial challenge involved in the management of the identity of people and finances in terms of ascertaining how many tickets where bought for each seat class in a football stadiums is enormous. Most stadiums lack an effective computerized management system that will foster the easy administration of service. It is in view of this that this study is carried out to develop a football stadium ticket acquisition system.


1.3 Aim and Objectives of the Study

The aim of the study is to develop a football stadium ticket acquisition system that will help in the recording and managing of financial income and booking of seats in the stadium for each registered game or event.

The following are the objectives of the study:

  1. To develop an automated system for ticket acquisition for Akwa Ibom International football stadium
  2. To facilitate easy booking and management of ticket based on available seats
  3. To provide a secure system for issuing tickets
  4. To develop a system that will help prevent overcrowding of the stadium

1.4 Significance of the Study

The significance of the study is that it will provide a fast and accurate way of managing the sales/booking of tickets, it will aid in verifying ticket numbers, and reports of tickets sold for each game can be queried.


1.5 Scope of the Study

This study covers just the booking of ticket for the football stadium, based on seating arrangement.


1.6 Organization of the Research


1.7 Definition of Terms

Stadium:

Arena with tiered seats, a place where people watch sports or other activities, usually a large enclosed flat area surrounded by tiers of seats for spectators.

Ticket:

A printed piece of cardboard or paper showing that the holder is entitled to admission to a place of public entertainment or a sports facility.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.0 Introduction

This chapter presents the summary, conclusion, constraints of the study and offers useful recommendations.


5.1 Constraints of the study

In carrying out the research work, some challenges were faced that limited the study such as:

Time:

The time given for the completion of the research work was too short hence the researcher had speed up the research work to meet up and this has an impact on the study.

Limited Materials:

Few materials were found pertaining to the research area and this limited the bulk of the literature review.

Finance:

The high cost of textbooks, internet browsing and transportation to different libraries to gather materials stood as a constraint to the research work.


5.2 Summary

A football stadium ticket acquisition system is a software system that aids in the booking and acquisition of tickets for football games. Being a computerized system it facilitates the fast recording and confirmation of ticket information for effective management of the stadium. The system is useful because it will aid the easy presentation of reports by means of querying the database.


5.3 Conclusion

From the foregoing, it can be concluded that the computer system and specialized software systems such as football stadium ticket acquisition fosters easy management and makes organizations operate at an international level.


5.4 Recommendation

The following recommendations are offered based on the study conducted:

  1. Management of Football stadiums should recruit computer programmers and database administrators to develop systems that will meet the information needs of the stadium
  2. Staff of the stadium should be trained to be computer literate.
  3. Investments should be made in acquiring specialized software systems for stadium management

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