Design And Implementation Of A Computerized Product Distribution Monitory System

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering

Design And Implementation Of A Computerized Product Distribution Monitory System


Abstract


This project is written to help Nigeria Bottling Companies especially Nigeria Breweries 9th mile Plc Enugu in the areas they encounter problems in distribution and the solution given to tackle those problem.

The research was carried out of many difficulties such as time factors, money and inability to get much information that could have been of help. But still with all those the researcher came up with something readable and valuable to any body that goes through it.


Table of Content


  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Purpose of the study
  • 1.4 Significance of the study
  • 1.5 Scope of the study

Chapter Two

Review of Related Literature

  • 2.1 Analysis of distribution
  • 2.2 Types of distribution
  • 2.3 Advantage and disadvantage of distribution
  • 2.4 Factors affecting distribution.

Chapter Three

Analysis of the System / Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Failure of manual method of distribution in Nigeria Breweries PLC.9th Mile Corner
  • 3.2 Computerization as the Best Solution to Distribution Product in N.B. PLC.
  • 3.3 Sources of data
  • 3.4 Primary data
  • 3.5 Secondary data
  • 3.6 Location of data

Chapter Four

Design and Implementation

  • 4.1 File specification
  • 4.2 Input specification
  • 4.3 Output specification
  • 4.4 Flow of information
  • 4.5 Hardware requirement
  • 4.6 Software requirement
  • 4.7 Flow chart
  • 4.7.1 System flowchart
  • 4.7.2 Program flowchart
  • 4.8 User’s guide

Chapter Five

Recommendation and Conclusion

  • 5.1 Recommendation
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Problem / limitation of the study
  • References

Chapter One


Introduction

Distribution is a system through which goods produced are transferred from the production area to the final consumer through different channels. It ensures that people will be able to obtain production when and where needed. It involves the actual movement of product as well as their ownership. To the ultimate consumers processing of any Nigerian company especially N.B.L 9th mile Enugu to be computerized to help save difficulties encountered during the distribution of the final product.

In Nigerian Breweries PLC 9th mile Enugu, where drinks like Star Lager Beer, Guilder the Ultimate, Legend Stout Beer, Guinness Stout and Guinness Malt, Amstel Malt are produced, distribution is done manually. So the aim of this project is to computerized the distribution processing and monitor the company goods.


1.1 Background of the Study

Distribution as often said is a system by which products are transferred from the production area to the final consumer through different channels like wholesalers, retailers etc. distribution started when the idea of producing goods came up. If goods are produced without being sold, it becomes a waste of time, money and resources.

Distribution takes different forms. There are goods produced that need to be distributed directly to the final consumer and there are some that will undergo certain processes. E.g. the distribution channels before it gets to the final consumer.

There are some companies e.g. Nigeria Breweries 9th mile which are situated or sited at the urban area. Goods produced here cannot reach those that need them in the rural area and other urban area where the goods are not produced. This is the reason why distribution is necessary and through the help of distribution channels these products get to those that need them.


1.2 Statement of Problem

This has to do with the title of the project, which is the design, and implementation of a computerized product in distribution monitoring system in Nigeria Breweries PLC 9th mile.

Due to the setback experienced in the distribution of drinks in Nigeria Breweries PLC using manual method, the company finds it difficult and useful to spread or disseminate information on distribution. The problem caused by the use of manual method can only be solved by computerizing the distribution processing.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The main purposes of this project are

  1. To computerize the distribution product in monitoring system in Nigerian Breweries PLC 9th mile.
  2. To devise the effective efficient cost effective means of using automated or computerized method to disseminate or spread information
  3. To ensure adequate circulation of finished product.
  4. To facilitate the services of the company to its customer.
  5. To increase turn over.

1.4 Significance of the Study

The beneficiaries of this study are.

  1. The manufacturers.
  2. The wholesaler
  3. The retailers
  4. The consumer.
1) The Manufacturers

Computerization of the distribution processing will help the manufacturer know the brand that has the highest demand and produced it more.

2) The Wholesaler

There will be no market if the wholesalers carry goods, which the customers will reject. They know the taste of their customers and types of goods they like most. These are the one they will demand or request.

3) The Retailer

The retailers sell direct to customers. They know that their customers like and dislike so this study help know the actual products they prefer.

4) The Customer.

Computerization of distribution processing will help the customers to always get their taste because the suppliers will now know the actual products they like most and supply it to them.


1.5 Scope of the Study

Different Nigeria Bottling companies have different ways of distributing their product. Our concern is the distribution monitoring system of Nigeria Breweries Ama 9th mile PLC. Distribution here takes three forms.

  • Depot Delivery
  • Self collection
  • Direct delivery

In depot delivery the drinks are being transferred from the production area to the depots in different places. People, institution, hotels, some establishments, go to these depots to buy. Self-collection is a process by which the customers themselves go to the production area to buy. Direct delivery needs salesman who will come to the production area, collect the products, sell them and bring back the money to the company.


Chapter Five


Recommendation and Conclusion

5.1 Recommendation

Due to the problem Nigeria Breweries PLC 9th mile have been encountering in their product of distribution manually, this work has been designed to enable them know the sources of the problem and the solution to the problem. Manual method of distribution failed in NBL because as a company enlarges, so is the distribution for it is when things produced are distributed and sold that is when distribution is said to have been taken place and it is the money got from the distribution that makes the company to enlarges. A company like Nigerian Breweries is enlarging due to the distribution there is moving well and people like the brands in N.B.L. therefore information about distribution need not to be mishandled but accurately recorded and forms involves neatly filed.

This is where manual method has failed because most of the time, information recorded that will be helpful to the company are being lost whether distribution processing is computerized, information will not get lost so early because it will be stored in the computer and will always be retrieved when needed.

I therefore recommend this study to any Nigeria Bottling company more especially Nigeria Breweries 9th mile Corner PLC Enugu for it will help them know exactly why they are having problems in their distribution processing and the possible solution to this problem.


5.2 Conclusion

Nigeria Breweries 9th mile PLC Enugu have a good number of computers but their distribution processing is not computerized. This is because the people that are employed, as programmers and so-called system analysis are not qualified enough. They were sent to computer training schools by the company to learn it. This has been affecting the distribution processing. To them the computers there are just for computerizing payroll. They need to employ people that have studied computer and know the need for computerization. The employees in the computer section don’t even see distribution processing as something that needs to be computerized. To them distribution ends in the product produced being distributed each month to different depots, the number of breakage which is necessary and of help to the company, they don’t take it serious.

Many forms about sales, breakages, returns are sent but due to their ignorance about the usefulness of computer, they just dump them some where until they are asked to produce it then they will start sorting for form. I was a witness to this during my research there. Manual method of distribution has really failed.

I therefore encourage the company i.e the management of N.B.L. PLC to employ computer experts, system analysis and professional programmers and operators that will help computerize the distribution of processing in the company so that the problem they are having now will come to an end.


5.3 Problem / Limitation of the Study

There were a lot of difficulties encountered during the research of this project. There were limited books in which I could get information about distribution. Some textbooks will define it but will not treat in detail; some will combines it with other topics thereby making it more complicated. It wasn’t easy for the distribution manager of Nigeria Breweries 9th mile to give me the materials I needed for my work he said it was too confidential. I want to many Libraries, some after spending my time and money I will end up not getting what I want


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