Design And Implementation Of A Computerized Medical Diagnostic System For Bacteria Infected Illnesses

Computer Science Project Material with Source Code Included

Computer Science Project Material with Source Code Included


Abstract


This research study is on design and implementation of a computerized medical diagnostic system for bacteria infected illness. The aim of the study is to highlight and improve the effectiveness of the Park-lane General Hospital, Enugu, in diagnosing the bacteria disease. The primary objective of this research work is to help the staff, patience and management of the park-lane general hospital. The system design will also be looked at, it covers areas like activity diagram, class diagram and program specification. The features of the implementation languages used in this research- PHP and MYSQL will be discussed extensively. The software testing strategies, the target computer requirements as well as the software maintenance issues that would arise in the system would be discussed also. The computer requirements of the system will be analyzed in the area of software and hardware requirements. In the integration testing of the software, satisfactory results were obtained from the test using the bottom-up approach. This study is therefore recommended to approved health institutions such as hospitals, primary health centers, medical laboratories etc. to further enhance diagnostic processes by clinicians hereby guaranteeing efficiency in drug or therapy prescription and ultimately ensuring effective treatment.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

For many years before the advent of adding machines, man has devised technique of arranging their works for easy references. The technique gave rise to computer machine for fast and affective processing of information. Computer being a machine that receives input process, store and brings out the output. The arrangement of our works have become as old as man existing on the earth.

Both individuals companies, government, hospital and other cooperate organization adhere to systematic manner of record of their works for references. The paper works which were arranged in file and stored in the shelves has been refrained from dose to due the voluminous and loses encountered with such manner. Regrettable most of the works got lost or misplaced during the retrieve of process in the file. More so some unscrupulous workers intentionally deteriorate their work for selfish desire. The growing of computer usage and transferring into IT Information Technology necessitated the need to design and implementation of a computerized medical Diagnostic system for bacteria illness.

The idea is more, pronounced in Hospitals and Health centres in many part of the country.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The problems associated with the Park-lane General Hospital, Enugu by this research study are as follows:

  1. Poor treatment of bacteria disease.
  2. Poor administration of bacteria related information in the management.
  3. Lack of testing material for the bacteria disease.
  4. Inefficiency and ineffective dealers for handling the job.
  5. Poor management information
  6. Poor storage record for reference.

Therefore, computerization of medical diagnostic system guarantee speed efficiency and accuracy of diagnosing bacteria in effected illness.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The principal objective of the study was to highlight and improve the effectiveness of the Park-Lane General Hospital productivity in diagnosing the bacteria disease. It is equally aimed at improving health management for all in the country and check the spread of the bacteria disease. The study is expected to position the country to attain her largest which is health for all. The study will standardize and minimize our resources which would have been used for curing the bacteria disease.

The report will reposition and regain the remedies on the past loses during manual database system by helping.

  1. To determine the raw material for treating bacteria.
  2. To determine the output of treating bacteria.
  3. To identify the causes of bacteria
  4. To determine the symptom of bacteria
  5. To determine the life cycle of bacteria.
  6. To identify the primary lost of bacteria disease.
  7. To determine the economic importance of bacteria to the host.
  8. To identify the recommended during for curing the bacteria diseases.

1.4 Significant of the Study

In conducting the project, it is expected to help the staff, patience and management of the Park-Lane General Hospital. It will help point out the problems facing the Hospital and it, management. The report shall among other things.

  1. Widen the knowledge of patience on the danger of bacteria.
  2. It offers employment opportunities for Hospital personnels.
  3. The project report serves as point of preference for student and after researchers in such field.

1.5 Scope / Limitations of the Study

This study is on design and implementation of computerized medical diagnostic system for bacteria infected illness.


1.6 Limitations of the Study

Financial Constraint:

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, and interview).

Time Constraint:

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted to the research work.


1.7 Organization of the study

  • The research work after completion will have the chapter one which is made up of the background of the study, the statement of problem, the research question and objectives; it will also contain the scope of study, the hypothesis of the research work and the justification of study.
  • The chapter two of the research work will contain the literature review; it will discuss the conceptual frame work, the empirical review and the theoretical frame.
  • The chapter three of the research work will contain the research methodology with some theoretical frame work.
  • The chapter four of the research work will contain the data presentation and analysis while the chapter five will contain the summary, conclusion and the recommendation for the research work.

1.8 Definition of Related Terms

Prognosis:

This is a medical opinion as to the likely outcome of a disease

Etiology:

This is the branch of medicine that investigates the causes and origin of diseases.

Diagnostic Criteria:

This term designates the specific combination of signs, symptoms, and test results that the clinician uses to attempt to determine the correct diagnosis.

Therapy Critiquing and Consulting:

This function of a clinician implies assessing of the therapy looking for inconsistencies, errors, cross-references for drug interactions and prevents prescribing of allergenic drugs.

Allergen:

A substance that causes an allergy.

Epidemiology:

The scientific and medical study of the causes and transmission of disease within a population


Chapter Five


Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Conclusion

The medical diagnostic expert system for the various complications of bacteria infected illness has been designed to help patients and assist doctors not to replace them. There are times that some symptoms that an individual has might be taken for granted, that is, they might just be overlooked and the individual will not see a need to visit the hospital. This means that instead of a patient consulting the doctor for mild cases of malaria and typhoid complications, the patient can receive treatment even from the house through the Medical Diagnostic Expert system. Work is in progress to enhance this expert system by implementing the system with the hybrid of expert system and artificial neural networks (ANN).


5.2 Recommendations

Based on the remarkable successes recorded by medical diagnostic systems in robust health care delivery, this research work is therefore recommended to approved health institutions such as: hospitals, primary health centers, medical laboratories etc to further enhance diagnostic processes by clinicians hereby guaranteeing efficiency in drug or therapy prescription and ultimately ensuring effective treatment.


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