# Design And Implementation Of Computerized Mathematics Teacher

## Abstract

In Nigeria today, it is a well-known fact that mathematics is one of the subject that students find difficult to understand and pass for one reason or the other. The reason why students have this kind of problem very possible due to lack of good teachers and teaching, time of lecture and orientation. Some teachers might be good mathematician but might not know how to impact the knowledge on the students.

Orientation is another thing that makes mathematics hard for students. When the students are made to believe that mathematics is difficult that is how they take it. Students need to be made to know that mathematics is one subject that we must practice because practice makes perfect. Although, there are also good teachers and some students are simply lazy. There is a need for a computer software that can help out in some of the work, making the students to understand.

As long as the students are given values to work with, showing the working, solution to the problem and is playing the result which helps, the students to understand mathematics if not for anything but because it’s a computer.

## Organization of Work

This project titled and implementation of computerized mathematics teacher a case study of Algebra.

The project is organized into seven chapters.

**Chapter one**consists of the introduction to the topic, statement of problem, purpose of study, aims and objectives, delimitations, assumptions and definition of terms.**Chapter two**is about the review of literature.**Chapter three**describes the analysis of the existing system which consists of the fact finding, method used, organizational structure, objectives of the existing system, problems of the existing system.**Chapter four**is the design of the new system which of output and input specification and design, system requirement, procedure and system flow chart.**Chapter five**is all about the implementation of the program which contains the program design, program flow chart, pseudo code and source program.**Chapter six**is about the documentation and seven recommends and concludes the whole project.

## Table of Contents

- Title Page
- Abstract
- Organization of the work
- Table of Figure
- Table of Contents

### Chapter One

- 1.1 Introduction
- 1.2 Statement of Problem
- 1.3 Purpose of Study
- 1.4 Aims and Objective
- 1.5 Scope of Delimitation
- 1.6 Limitation or Constraints
- 1.7 Assumptions
- 1.8 Definition of Terms

### Chapter Two

- 2.0 Literature

### Chapter Three

- 3.0 Description and Analysis of the Existing System
- 3.1 Fact Finding Methods Used
- 3.2 Organizational Structure
- 3.3 Objectives of the Existing System
- 3.4 Input Process, Output Analysis
- 3.5 Information Flow Diagram
- 3.6 Problems of the Existing System
- 3.7 Justification for the New System

### Chapter Four

- 4.0 Design of the New System
- 4.1 Output Specification and Design
- 4.2 Input Specifications and Design
- 4.3 File Design
- 4.4 Procedure Chart
- 4.5 System Flowchart
- 4.6 System Requirement

### Chapter Five

- 5.0 Implementation
- 5.1 Program Design
- 5.2 Pseudo code
- 5.3 Program Flowchart
- 5.4 Source Program
- 5.5 Test Run

### Chapter Six

- 6.0 Documentation

### Chapter Seven

- 7.0 Recommendation and Conclusion
- Appendices
- References

## Chapter One

### 1.0 Introduction

In the world today, the computer has made a great impact. The computer has so influenced our life so much that people believe that the computer came from the underground world. Some say that the computer is a witch in form of a machine. This is due to the fact that the computer gives information, which is not expected of a machine. These people do not know that programs are written to be used friendly so that it will look as if it knows their problem.

Others are of a different view according to the statement made by Dr. Ukoe Ogbonma, “Computer is a unique demonstration of the height of science and technology in this world.

It is written in that in the end time there will be increased in knowledge. The computer scientist is not moved as a result of the knowledge he has of the computer. He is rather interested in bringing something into existence that he would also be known as a computer done.

#### 1.2 Statement of Problem

Almost every school has the problem of time schedule where the mathematics lesson is to take place as from 10, 11, 12, and 2 O’clock. But it is surprising that students don’t like this type of schedule.

This is because most students believe that it is easier to learn mathematics in the morning when the weather is still cool. Another problem is the organization of the subjects.

Students believe that for subject which involve calculation like mathematics, it should be scheduled on the timetable that it would come up as the first or second lecture for a day, because of it comes up after two subjects, they will be tried up and unable to absorb anything.

Sometimes students are not interested in the lecture because the lecturer does not attend classes some have the believe that mathematics is hard knowing that if more interest is given it could be easier.

All these could be stopped with the aid of the computer being provided with suitable programming language with graphics capabilities which provides interaction with the aid of a menu between the user and the computer.

#### 1.3 Purpose of Study

The purpose of the study is to increase to a large extent the rate of understanding and the interest of the students in mathematics. That is for students who are not fast enough to take down notes and for students who don’t know or like in class.

It is also for those who loose interest when it comes to mathematics lectures. A few facilities have been incorporated to increase the interest of the students like the interaction between the user and the computer with the aid of menus.

#### 1.4 Aims and Objectives

The aim of this project is to increase the rate of assimilation of the students. It is also to increase the interest of the students by drawing their attention to the program, which will be use.

The objectives of the project are that the program should be able to tech the student the subjects it will take them on. It should also be able to ask certain questions that need answer inform input from the user. The program will show you the question and will require you to choose the question you want. The topic can be randomly accessed since you are given options to choose the topic you want.

#### 1.5 Scope or Delimitation

The restrictions of this study are that the researcher could not put human voice into the computer system, since the program cannot provide all the questions one might want to ask. The goal can only be achieved to an extent since human wants cannot be satisfied. The program can only be used by computer owners and students that school in areas or schools that have computer.

#### 1.6 Limitation and Constraints

- Computer literacy
- Finance or capita;
- Computer

As we all know it is not everybody that has a computer system. This problem is due to the cost of computers. The computers are so expensive in such a way that not everybody can afford one. This has hindered the achievement of the goal for certain people. Nowadays, a lot of computers outfits have been established to take care of peoples problem. Some firms can allow one to make use of a computer with small amounts of money per hour. In a situation, whereby one want to go and learn, you will be required to pay large amount of money. The amount could vary from N1,000.00 for your applications.

It is interesting to know that in almost every school in Nigeria try to make their students computer literate. Some even go as far as buying a computer system or systems making a computer network (LAN) in their school for the users.

#### 1.7 Assumptions

The researcher did not take into consideration the fact that not everybody owns a computer system. As we know not all hands are equal. It is the same with the fact that not everybody is rich enough to buy a computer system. (Now if one should consider the fact, the research project will not be completed).

Another aspect that was taken for granted was the fact that the computer system has not yet reached everywhere in Nigeria even though they must have seen some in movies.

#### 1.8 Definition of Terms

##### Computer Literacy:

It means being able to tell a computer to do what you want it to do.

##### Computer Literate:

One being able to learn about computers and take control of them.

##### Local Area Network (LAN):

One way to share database is to connect a group of computers to a single storage unit containing the database. Usually the computers are locate in the same room or building. This arrangement is called local area network.

##### Programming:

Specifies how to solve problem in the aid of a digital computer.

##### Random Access:

In a random – access device portion of storage can be accessed without running through other portions of storage.

##### Computer Science:

A department formed to cover programming, numerical analysis, programming system, logic and automata, mathematical modeling and theory of computability.

##### Computer Scientist:

One who studies the course and graduate from it is called a computer scientist.

## Chapter Seven

### 7.0 Summary

In the course of this study, it was discovered that most students are reluctant to accept computers as an aid in their day to day tasks. The reasons for this most often is not far fetched.

They see the computer as a personal enemy. In some cases, they fell that it will be difficult for them to understand the operation of the computer or learn how to use them. The researcher also discovered that even at the management level, some than due to insufficient information see the computer as an advanced desktop calculator.

Because of this they give little or no consideration to computers in their reaching.

In most cases, the students may not like the organization of the subject; some students are not interested in the lecture. This third point contributed immensely to the problems the researcher had.

The researchers also mention that in all cases being encountered, it was very clear that the importance of computer was not in doubts. However, the needs to use a computer as an accurate machine to carry out the teaching of mathematics is either not known or thought impossible.

### 7.1 Recommendations

In view of the above, I wish to recommend that schools having a higher appreciation of what the computer is capable of, should start a campaign to enlighten the students. They should be made to understand what the machine can do and how it can do it. Most importantly, they should be told how to operate these machines.

I think it will be great if teachers responsible for the knowledge of any kind being impacted on students should come to realize how much the computer can go in assisting their daily activities. The management should also arrange for constant training of students in the usage of computers.

### 7.2 Conclusion

From the test results, this system accomplishes the set objectives, which motivated its development. The objectives of this project was to increase the rate of assimilation of the students by drawing their attention in that, the program will be user friendly and which will be able to ask certain questions that need answers in form of input from the user. All these were achieved and proved a great success. The use of computer in computer aided learning in schools is of great help.

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