Design And Construction Of A Power Booster

Project and Seminar Material For Electrical Electronics Engineering EEE

Design And Construction Of A Power Booster


Abstract


This work is on power booster device, that is, using ironing and heating element on a 650w generator. This booster can be plugged to small generator like tiger generator and bigger generators. It does not affect the sound of the generator neither will it destroy your generator set in any ways. It will help you to plug your iron and other heating elements in the output of your generating plant without damage to your generator coil e.g: Ironing of clothes, water heater, electric kettle, microwave, electric cooker/Hot plate, toaster, and blender.


Table of Contents


  • Title Page
  • Approval Page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Project
  • 1.2 Problem Statement
  • 1.3 Objective of the Project
  • 1.4 Significance of the Project
  • 1.5 Limitation of the Project
  • 1.6 Scope of the Project
  • 1.7 Application of the Project
  • 1.8 Project Organisation

Chapter Two

Literature Review

  • 2.0 Literature Review
  • 2.1 Overview of Electric Power
  • 2.2 Review and Description Of Triac

Chapter Three

3.0 Construction Methodology

  • 3.1 Block Diagram of the System
  • 3.2 Circuit Diagram
  • 3.3 Circuit Description
  • 3.4 Description of Components
  • 3.5 Construction Picture

Chapter Four

4.0 Result Analysis

  • 4.1 Installation of the Completed Design
  • 4.2 Casing
  • 4.4 Assembling of Sections
  • 4.5 Testing of System Operation
  • 4.6 Problem Encountered
  • 4.7 Bill of Engineering Measurements and Evaluation

Chapter Five

Conclusions and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Conclusions
  • 5.2 Recommendation
  • References

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Project

Gone are the days when you wait for NEPA and PHCN before you use your appliances. Iron booster is a cautioner between the supplier and the load.

This booster can be plugged to small generator like tiger generator and bigger generators. It does not affect the sound of the generator neither will it destroy your generator set in any ways. It will help you to plug your iron and other heating elements in the output of your generating plant without damage to your generator coil e.g: Ironing of clothes, water heater, electric kettle, microwave, electric cooker/Hot plate, toaster, and blender. The consumption rate is small to allow you plug other things like: Tv, Fan, light bulbs, computer, phone charger and stereo system.

The booster enhances and prolongs the life of your generator by absorbing the pressure from your high current appliances. Has no contact with your generator and therefore does not harm the Coil No damage to generator. It lightens the load plugged on it. It can also be used with electricity (NEPA Lights). You can use it with small generator plants it reduces quantity of current that is flowing to the appliances from pre-paid meter. The booster economizes your energy consumption.


1.2 Problem Statement

Nigeria is facing daunting energy challenges and the cost of buying fuel/gas powered generator that will be used to power all our home appliances most especially heating appliances is very high, and the rate of fuel consumption is big gas generator is higher than that of a small generator. This circuit or device brought solution to this problem, it allow the user to be able to power their heavy home appliances (such as electric iron which is rated 1000w) to be operated with a 650w fuel generator.


1.3 Objective of the Project

The objective of this work is to design a device whose work is boost the power coming out from small generator of 650w in other that the user or owner can used the small power rating generator to operate appliances such as Ironing of clothes, water heater, electric kettle, microwave, electric cooker/Hot plate, toaster, and blender.


1.4 Significance of the Project

Plugging appliances whose power is more than the generator power spoils the coil of the generator. However this device will help you to plug your iron and other heating elements in the output of your generating plant without damage to your generator coil e.g: Ironing of clothes, water heater, electric kettle, microwave, electric cooker/Hot plate, toaster, and blender.

The power booster helps to reduce the power consumption of appliances by almost 80% and our appliances still works as if it were being supplied normal current. Lets illustrate with an Electric Iron with a power rating of 1000watts, we connect our Iron to the power booster that will only allow the iron to draw 200 watts and then boost the 200w to 1000 watts to power the Iron. The Electric Iron only draws 200 watts with the help of the device and the device boost the power supply to the Iron to 1000watt to power the Iron. Thereby reducing the energy that will have been used up by the Iron from PHCN consequently saving the cost of electricity.

  1. Easy to apply
  2. Have no negative effect on your generator sets.
  3. Does not stop you from using other loads like bulbs, cd, TV sets etc.
  4. Does not increase fuel consumptions.
  5. Very cheap and affordable.
  6. You use it to plug your electric iron and boiler to your small generator without any effect on the plant.

1.5 Limitation of the Project

The user must connect it before it can be used and the circuit inside is ac throughout, meaning that if it fails it requires a qualified personnel who is used to ac circuit to repair it to avoid electric shock.


1.6 Scope of the Project

The rate of power failure in so many countries making one not to use appliances when the need arise call for the invention of this device.


1.7 Application of the Project

This device is used in home, workshops, office or industries for running appliances such as:

  1. Electric iron
  2. Small, medium and large Refrigerators
  3. Small, medium and large Freezers
  4. Small, medium and large electric cookers
  5. Water Dispensers
  6. Blenders
  7. Water pumping machines
  8. Any size of CRT, LCD and Plasma Tvs
  9. Microwave ovens
  10. Boiling Rings
  11. Water heaters
  12. Hair Dryers
  13. Computer equipments
  14. Printers etc

1.8 Project Work Organisation

The various stages involved in the development of this project have been properly put into five chapters to enhance comprehensive and concise reading.

In this project thesis, the project is organized sequentially as follows:

  • Chapter one of this work is on the introduction to this study. In this chapter, the background, significance, objective limitation and problem of this study were discussed.
  • Chapter two is on literature review of this study. In this chapter, all the literature pertaining to this work was reviewed.
  • Chapter three is on design methodology. In this chapter all the method involved during the design and construction were discussed.
  • Chapter four is on testing analysis. All testing that result accurate functionality was analyzed.
  • Chapter five is on conclusion, recommendation and references.

Chapter Five


Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

After the construction the aim and objective the was achieved, which makes the booster more Importance such as: easy to apply, have no negative effect on your generator sets, does not stop you from using other loads like bulbs, cd, TV sets etc, does not increase fuel consumptions, very cheap and affordable.


5.2 Recommendation

This device can only be used in office, homes, workshop or wherever there is need for powering heating appliances such as irons, heaters, geysers, ovens, toasters, blowers, dryers, hot air gun etc.


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