Design And Construction Of Four Bedroom Senior Staff Quarters With Facilities
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This project report is dedicated to God almighty for his infinity mercy and also to our respective parents.
Our gratitude goes to our supervisor Dr. Chris Nwando for assisting us in producing this project report relating to the report writing. The researcher’s are also our gratitude to the head of department Bldr. Ukah G.C for making some materials relating to the topic available reference
This project research is examine the effective direction of a proposed four bedroom senior quarters with facilities, the building identifies the various processes and stages that are involved and the stage of planning and execution which involves viability and feasibility study, including soil and site analysis, step plan and architectural working drawing, writing of construction programmed, and taking off, the use of the above documents in respect with its processes of actualization analysis inclusive the processes of planning and controlling with the construction site.
Table Of Contents
- Cover page
- Title page
- Approval page
- Certification page
- Table of content
- 1.0 introduction
- 1.1 feasibility study of site
- 1.2 Factors for the choice of site
- 2.0 literature review
- 2.1 Computation of work programme
- 2.2 transportation of materials
- 2.3 storage of materials
- 2.4 foundation of materials
- 3.0 methodology
- 3.1 preliminary involved on site/construction process of a four bedroom of senior staff quarters
- 3.1.1 Investigation and exploration
- 3.1.2 Foundation type
- 3.1.3 Access road
- 3.1.4 Fencing and Hoarding
- 3.1.5 Plant and equipment in construction
- 3.1.6 Labour
- 3.1.7 Water supply
- 3.1.8 Materials
- 3.1.9 Electrical installation
- 3.1.10 Transportation
- 3.1.11 Food and cateries facilities
- 3.1.12 Storage of materials
- 3.1.13 Construction process of the main building
- 3.1.14 .0 Substructure
- 18.104.22.168 Site Clearance and leveling of site
- 22.214.171.124 Excavation of oversite
- 126.96.36.199 Setting out of the building
- 188.8.131.52 Excavation of foundation trenches and surface treatment
- 184.108.40.206 Excavated of foundation trench and base
- 220.127.116.11 Earth work support and treatment
- 18.104.22.168 Batching
- 22.214.171.124 Foundation concreting
- 126.96.36.199 Mixing
- 188.8.131.52 Transportation
- 184.108.40.206 Placing
- 220.127.116.11 Wetting
- 18.104.22.168 Curing
- 22.214.171.124 Block work up to DPC
- 126.96.36.199 Black filling of selected excavated
- 188.8.131.52 Laterite filling
- 184.108.40.206 Hardcore filling
- 220.127.116.11 Form work to oversite concrete
- 18.104.22.168 Super structure
- 22.214.171.124 Erection of super structural walls and partition
- 126.96.36.199 Form work
- 188.8.131.52 Reinforcement of lintels
- 184.108.40.206 Concrete lintel
- 220.127.116.11 Scaffording
- 18.104.22.168 Block work on lintels
- 22.214.171.124 Roofing
- 126.96.36.199 Ceiling
- 188.8.131.52 Fixing of door and window frames
- 184.108.40.206 Electrical installation
- 220.127.116.11 Plumbing and fitting work
- 18.104.22.168 Plastering and rending
- 22.214.171.124 Procedure for plastering
- 126.96.36.199 Dressing
- 188.8.131.52 Fixing of shuters (doors)
- 184.108.40.206 Glazing
- 220.127.116.11 Plumbing services
- 18.104.22.168 Internal plumbing
- 22.214.171.124 External plumbing
- 126.96.36.199 Types of sewage plants
- 188.8.131.52 Functions of sewage plant or system
- 184.108.40.206 Principles in planning drainages system
- 220.127.116.11 Floor finishes and filling
- 18.104.22.168 Wall filling
- 22.214.171.124 Painting and decoration
- 126.96.36.199 Primary coat
- 188.8.131.52 Under coat
- 184.108.40.206 Finishing coat
- 220.127.116.11 testing
- 18.104.22.168 Cleaning up site
- 22.214.171.124 Hand over
- 3.2.0 Specification of materials and ownership
- 3.2.1 Gravel (coarse aggregated)
- 3.2.2 Water
- 3.2.3 Consistency of concrete
- 3.2.4 Concrete mixing
- 3.2.5 Transporting concrete
- 3.2.6 Concrete and filling
- 3.2.7 Concrete protection
- 3.2.8 Hardcore and filling
- 3.2.9 Form work
- 3.2.10 Reinforcement
- 3.2.11 Brick work/Block work
- 126.96.36.199 Mix proportion
- 188.8.131.52 Curing
- 184.108.40.206 Strength
- 220.127.116.11 Size
- 18.104.22.168 Workmanship
- 3.2.13 Cement storage
- 3.2.14 Roofing (corrugated roofing sheet)
- 3.2.15 Hollow clay blocks
- 3.2.16 Sand crete
- 3.2.17 Excavation and earthwork
- 3.2.18 Inspection and excavation
- 3.2.19 Cement
- 3.2.20 Delivery on site
- 3.2.21 Black filling
- 3.2.22 Carpentry
- 3.2.23 Joinery
- 3.2.24 Timber construction
- 3.2.25 Plywood
- 3.2.26 Preservative treatment
- 3.2.27 Framing
- 3.2.28 Fixing
- 3.2.29 Door frames
- 3.2.30 Fabrication
- 3.2.31 Iron mongery
- 3.2.32 Tile, Slab, or block finishing
- 3.2.33 Tile paving
- 3.2.34 Wall filling
- 3.2.35 terrazzo paving
- 3.2.36 Granolithic paving
- 3.2.37 Craborandum finish
- 3.2.38 Skirtings
- 3.3.0 Work programme
- 3.3.1 Calculation input of work programme
- 4.0 Bill of quantities
- 5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation
- 5.1 Conclusion
- 5.2 Recommendation
The design and construction of a 4-bed room senior staff quarter with facilities. This could be referred to as a building of any senior staff could stay. According to the description oxford dictionary it stated that a 4-bed room is where senior staff stays for their safety and be comfortable for the work. A 4-bedroomm must possess facilities and services which will make the staff safe and comfortable at any given time.
Such facilities and service include plumbing services, electricity, carriage, dining, bedrooms, kitchen, lobby, store, good pipe born water, water close, bathroom, varrandar and electrical; appliances such as fan, portable size refrigerator, television and so on.
These facilities and services must always be in good working order so as to prevent an uncomfortable environment to the user. The objectives and uses of staff room with facilities include the following:
- To provides security, comfort and good working environment to staffs and visitors
- To provides healthy and social facilities to the staff.
- To provides opportunity for communal working team spirit and good interpersonal relationship.
1.1 Feasibility Study Of Site
Before one begins too design and construct a building, one should carefully consider the implications of its proposed context, the building site. In federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri located at umuerim Nekede. It was found out that it has a good environment and site conditions which will be suitable for construction, habitation and for learning purposes. The site is located in a well site and healthy environment.
The soil test carried out on the site using trial holes was found to be sandy-loamy soil which geological faults, poor clay soil undulating ground was not in existence. It was also found that there is no existence of overhead and underground service such as electricity, water service pipe and so on. Around and within the site, so , in the construction of 4-bed room senior staff with facilities require, must be provided, in order to make the building conducive for the staffs.
Also good site and investigation of soil conditions and environment will enhance continuation of construction without any obstruction or malpractices on site. It will also increase consistency of work and eliminate unnecessary in the lost of production of the building, hence enabling the contractor to be aware of the exact operation to be carried out during construction
1.2 Factors For The Choice Of Site
The choice of building site could be influence by a number of factors namely:
- Geographical factors.
- climatic factors
- economical factors
- political factors
- social-cultural factors
- accessibility factors
- environmental factors
1.2.1 Geographical Factor
This include soil type, topography and vegetation. The bearing capacity of the soil ascertain from the soil type. The type of foundation to be adopted for any given structure is determined by the soil bearing capacity. The soil type will also indicate the case of drainage both for surface and ground water.
The choice of machinery to be deployed to the site fork clearing, excavations, will also be influenced by the soil type. Certain soils are so weak that building on them, without ad equates preparation creates adverse consequences. Topography which refers to land forms and ground slope will indicate the foundation type.
The building form and the site drainage, site climate / wind, temperature, solar radiation) will affect the construction. The vegetation of an area will dictate the type of plant to be hired in the site.
1.2.2 Climatic Factor
This includes sun, wind precipitation and temperature. These climatic factor influence positioning of the building. It can influenced the construction activities. The investigation we carry out proved that the sun usually rise from the east and the temperature, wind and pressure on the site is moderate. Therefore, positioning the building, the front elevation should not be at the east.
1.2.3 Economical Factor
The cost of acquiring land in the urban areas are more expensive compared to the rural area. The economic turnover in both area vary. Building in the urban areas attracts more rentage than in the rural areas thus; the initial cost of land acquisition influences the choice of building site the cost of acquiring land can affect the client choice of building site
1.2.4 Political Factor
The land use degree 1975 vest constitutional ownership of all land in the state on the state government. The government has the right to allocate or revoke allocation of land for development of people, organization, government agencies etc.
Layout has also been created in the urban areas for given or stipulated development, residential, commercial, Industrial etc. This land can e used to compensate political friends and victims of political enemies, it mean that people may be deprived of their intended site due to political inclination.
1.2.5 Socio-Cultural Factor
The land tenure system and the traditional made of inherent influence some choice of building site during our investigation, we find out that the customs and believe of Federal Polytechnic Nekede staff is quite encouraging and their law is not against the project.
1.2.6 Accessibility Factor
These include the noise level; of an area and surrounding environment. Through the investigation, the environment of Federal Polytechnic Nekede is very quite Okay. All the factors that influence the choice of building site was taken care of.
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How to nail it on the head during your project defence
You are through with writing that project. Now what?
You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.
- How am I going to start?
- I hope I will do well enough to get an A.
You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.
I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.
Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.
Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:
Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.
Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:
Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.
Speak With Authority:
Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.
Use, Your Gestures:
I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.
Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:
Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.
Make Sure You Know Your Work:
Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.
Prepare For The Questions:
Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.
These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.
The structure of a good project work
Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.
A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are
The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.
Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;
- Background of the study,
- Statement of the problem,
- Objectives or aims of the study,
- The research questions,
- Research hypothesis,
- Significance of the study,
- Scope of the study,
- Limitations of the study and
- Operational definition of terms.
2. Literature review
Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.
3. Research Methodology
This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected. This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.
4. Results & Discussion
This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question. Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported. In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.
5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations
This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner. It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.
This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.