Democracy And The Problems Of Federalism In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Political Science

Democracy And The Problems Of Federalism In Nigeria


Abstract


This study is on democracy and the problems of federalism in Nigeria. The total population for the study is 200 staff of National assembly, Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made supervisors, computer operators, senior staffs and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Nigeria, the most populous black nation on earth with a population of about 140 million people and over 350 distinct language groups, successfully transmitted to democratic governance on May 29, 1999 after so many years of military rule. A federal system of government often arises from the desire of groups of people to form a union without necessarily using their identities. Federalism would therefore, seem to provide an attractive system of government especially in the context of ethnic pluralism found in many African States. It is generally accepted that so far federalism as a conflict management system has failed to remove the bogey of ethnicity, sectionalism and religious conflict from Nigerian body politics. With over forty years of trying to navigate through the murky waters of Nigerian politics many, including the nationalists, politicians and civil society have become despondent to the extent that one can hear voices calling for the outright balkanization of the country. Furthermore is Nigeria, the contestation over federalism has fundamentally manifested itself in two principle either as a guest for access and control over political power or as access to federally generated revenue. As observed by Momoh (1999:3), the task to social engineering and reconstruction of the notion of federalism in both form and the substance was left in the hands in the military. It was not surprising that the crisis of federalism depended on the country. Also as the revenue allocation principle was restricted in favour of the states, there were more demands for increased revenue from the state and local governments. It is not out of place to note that the peculiarities, irregularities and tensions that vexed and continue to vex Nigerian federalism stemmed in apart from the arbitrary rule of the military (Suberu 1994:68). However, there is still doubt that the desire to improve on Nigeria’s federal practice exerts a magnetic force amongst many Nigerian. Also in the current dispensation, the expectations is that the various vexation issues like the over centralization of powers by the federal government, the creation of states, revenue allocation, the creation of local government councils and the question of citizenship is given urgent attention. Much as it has been obtained in most European colonies, the workability of federalism in Nigeria has been far reaching feat from being politically transparent. Democracy in the real sense of it should be there to accept and respect the opinion of the diverse units, which have come together to form new political society.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The problem associated with the practice of federalism raised it ugly head immediately after independence when Nigeria adopted the republican form of government. The practice of federalism in Nigeria has been so problematic as it involved diverse ethnic groups.

The major problem which this research is set out to tackle is to identify imminent problems of federalism in Nigeria’s democratic setting.

The following problem stated would be relevant.

  1. What are the problems faced by Nigeria’s federal system?
  2. How has these problems compounded the already worsen democratic settings in Nigeria.
  3. What are the steps and strategies taken to solve these problems?
  4. What are the prospects that Nigeria’s democracy will strive and survive notwithstanding the federal problems

1.3 Objective of the Study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. Identifying the problems posed by federalism to the practice of democracy in Nigeria
  2. To ascertain the problem of federalism in Nigeria impinges on democratic practices.
  3. To ascertain if the federalism government refuses to bring the finance money to pay the workers there will be problem in the system.
  4. To ascertain the relationship between democracy and problems of federalism

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: there are no problems posed by federalism to the practice of democracy in Nigeria
    H1: there are problems posed by federalism to the practice of democracy in Nigeria
  2. H02: there are no relationship between democracy and problems of federalism
    H2: there are relationship between democracy and problems of federalism

1.5 Significance of the Study

The problem of federalism in Nigeria has been a recurrent one and is fast receiving wider attention from scholars.

The research shall be significant in the following ways:

  1. The study will investigate into the problems of federalism in Nigeria.
  2. The study will be significant because it will bring to fore-font the problems of federalism in Nigeria.

The study is significant because recommendation will be made in which will help to solve some of the problems of fiscal federalism in Nigeria.

  1. Serves as reference materials
  2. Fulfillment of graduation.

1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of the study covers democracy and the problems federalism in Nigeria. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.


1.7 Definition of Terms

For the purpose of this work, the following terms shall be conceptualized.

Democracy:

It refers to the system of government whereby it is rule by the people. Democracy is a form of government organized in accordance with the principles of popular sovereignty, political and Economic Equality, popular consultation and majority rule. Okon, Eminue (2005), introduction to Political Science.

Federal Character:

It implies the principle which tends to give every group an equal opportunity to participate in the socio-economic and socio-political life of the country. Where (1963:10), the substance of federal government administration in Nigeria.

Federalism:

It refers to a form of government with constitutional arrangement with some constitutional structure, which is deliberately formed by political architects to maintain unity. Where (1963), the element of Nigerian federalism.

Ethnicity:

It refers to a situation or condition where preference is accorded a particular set of people based on their ethnic regional indication. It represents a feeling of belonging to a group of people. Truman, D. (1951), “The Governance” New York: Knopt Publisher.


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  1. Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  2. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  3. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  4. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  5. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was democracy and the problems of federalism in Nigeria. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of democracy and the problems of federalism in Nigeria


5.2 Summary

This study was on democracy and the problems of federalism in Nigeria. Three objectives were raised which included: Identifying the problems posed by federalism to the practice of democracy in Nigeria, to ascertain the problem of federalism in Nigeria impinges on democratic practices, to ascertain if the federalism government refuses to bring the finance money to pay the workers there will be problem in the system, to ascertain the relationship between democracy and problems of federalism.In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of National assembly, Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made supervisors,computer operators, senior staffs and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

Going by the definition of federalism, Nigeria is a federation. It has a written constitution that defines the powers and jurisdictions of the central government and its component unit’s states and local governments. It also has a Supreme Court to determine jurisdictional disputes between the various levels of government and it has a bi cameral legislature at the center which takes decisions by means of absolute majority. However, the evidence on ground points to the fact that Nigeria is progressively tending towards a unitary state. This is especially so in the area of sharing of functions and resources available in the country between the central government and the component units on the one hand and between the government and the citizens on the other


5.4 Recommendation

  1. The need to reverse the age long fiscal dominance by the federal government in order to re-establish a true federal system is strongly recommended. The solution is to redress the prevailing mismatch by raising the level of taxing assignment of subnational governments.
  2. The need for an efficient formula between the centre and other tiers of government is recommended. This formula should also satisfy the broad objectives of inter-regional equity and balanced national development. To this end the present vertical revenue allocation formula should be reviewed by the federal government to increase the percentage to lower governments in Nigeria to strengthen their fiscal capacity and enable them play strong role in nation building.
  3. Also, it is imperative to embark on radical diversification of the Nigerian economy to other viable and• productive sectors of the economy, such as agriculture, mining, industry and human development
  4. Urgent reform in fiscal federalism in Nigeria to address the constitutional issue of fiscal powers among the three tiers of government to redress the prevailing fiscal mismatch at subnational levels of government is strongly recommended

Get Complete Project Material

6,000 Naira

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦6,500 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($25)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 200 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Democracy And The Problems Of Federalism In Nigeria

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.