Democracy And Islamic Sect / Boko Haram In Nigeria (A Case Study Of Goodluck Jonathan Regime)
Democracy is always seen as an indispensable feature of any nation. The idea that the practice of true democracy is very pivotal for the survival and progress of every nation of that would Nigerian is not an exception. Thus, Nwabueze (1991:20) succinctly describes democracy as “A form of government which recognizes and institutionalizes the people as fountain of power and enables them by the means election at frequent intervals on universal adult franchise to choose and mandate those to govern a form of government in which the public good or welfare of the people is the object”. Lamentably, however, democracy in an underdeveloped nations like Nigeria is an irony comparing it to the above definition of democracy. True democracy should be people oriented without being coarsed in any way. In Nigeria, ethnicism and religion has distorted democracy, disorganized the whole political system and has finally made Nigerian nation a laughing stock in the community of nations. This is because people are busy fighting ethnic/religious crises and don’t even know the meaning of democracy let alone the practicing of true democracy. Moreso, the research work is purely centered an democracy and Islamic sect (bokoharam) with special reference to President Goodluck Jonathan regime. To efficiently carry out the research, the researcher used both primary and secondary sources of data collection. The primary source were oral interview on the masses about the regime of president Goodluck Jonathan, the questionnaire was also formulated to solicit information from the respondents which also acted as primary source of information, whereas the library materials, magazines, newspaper and internets materials acted as secondary sources of information. The researcher also formulated research questions that acted as guide to the study. The data generated from the questionnaire responses was presented and also analyzed using the questionnaire responses. However, the findings of the study reveals that Nigeria is not practicing true democracy i.e. they don’t even understand the meaning of democracy, let alone the practice of it. The members of the political class are very very corrupt. The citizens are not given the chance to exercise their fundamental human rights. There is high rate of insecurity of lives and properties in Nigeria especially in the regime of President Goodluck Jonathan regime. And report shows that the political class especially Buhari that wanted to be the president of the so called democratic nation but lost it to Goodluck vowed that he will make Nigeria ungovernable for Goodluck Jonathan. It was believed that Buhari, IBB, Atiku and other northern Bourgeois of this nation are the brain behind bokoharam attack to the regime of President Goodluck Jonathan that is why the bokoharam say that if they will come for negotiation, that Buhari most be there. As a result of the above findings, it was recommended that government should engage the group in a dialogue, and inaugurate programmes that would address issues, equally government should deal decisively with anybody sponsoring bokoharam activities in Nigeria.
Table of Contents
- Title Page
- Table of Contents
- 1.1 Background of the Study
- 1.2 Statement of the Problem
- 1.3 Purpose of the Study
- 1.4 Significance of the Study
- 1.5 Research Questions
- 1.6 Scope of the Study
- 1.7 Limitation of the Study
- 1.8 Definition of the Terms
2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 Literature Review
- 2.2 Problems of Democracy Government in Nigeria
- 2.3 Boko Haram History in Nigeria
- 2.4 Boko Haram Attack in Nigeria
- 2.5 Views of Other People on Boko Haram
- 2.6 Comparing Nigeria Democracy and Boko Haram
- 2.7 Consequences of Boko Haram to National Development
- 2.8 Summary of Literature Review
- 2.9 Gap in Literature
3.0 Research Methodology
- 3.1 Brief Outline of the Study
- 3.2 Design of the Study
- 3.3 Area of the Study
- 3.4 Population of the Study
- 3.5 Sample of the Study
- 3.6 Instrument for Data Collection
- 3.7 Validation of the Instrument
- 3.8 Distribution and Retrieval of Instrument
- 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis
- 4.1 Findings of the Study
5.0 Summary Conclusion and Recommendation
- 5.1 Summary of Findings
- 5.2 Conclusion
- 5.2 Recommendations
Democracy and Islamic sect/Boko Haram in Nigeria. This study on democracy and Islamic sect in Nigeria is geared towards bringing to light the menace of Islamic sect/Boko haram on Nigeria democracy.
However, following the president Goodluck Jonathan regime, Nigeria have witnessed several dis-harmony on its socio-polity as a result of the problems posed by Boko haram which is an Islamic militant group based in the north which forbid western education and seeks the imposition of Sharia law in the country.
Therefore, Boko haram has done more harms than good to democracy in Nigeria because of its negative attributes which makes Nigeria an undemocratic nation.
1.1 Background of the Study
This research work is centered on democracy and religious sect/ Boko haram in Nigeria with a particular reference to Goodluck Jonathan Regime.
Democracy is a global maiden which every nation woos. It is a system of government based on popular consent. Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa has no choice then to align itself with the rest of the world on the democratic crave.
However, Nigeria has not been so lucky to be democratized. It has had long tortured history of dancing around democracy but has make gotten it right. This is largely due to some challenges it has suffered since its inspection which includes lack of large scale free and fair election, refusal to accept defeat in electrons by political gladiators, corruption, inobservance of rule of law, lack of freedom of speech and publication and that of freedom of worship which have been a threat to national peace and development by some religious sect.
Boko Haram is a controversial Nigerian militant Islamist group that seeks the imposition of Sharia law on the northern states of Nigeria. Equally, it is an Islamic group that forbids western education. It is a religious militant group base in the north and seek to establish Sharia law in the country, this have badly effected the socio-economic development in the country and have effected the democracy in the country.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The idea that the Islamic religion with its militant group Boko haram has been a threat to Nigerians and the world at large is very very true. Since Buhari lost as the presidential aspirant to Goodluck Jonathan, himself (Buhari) Atiku and other top politicians in the northern part of the country felt that their assured right which is leadership of this country/Aso rock has been taken or snatched from them unannounced. They (northern politicians) like a child that has been weaned by the mother is trying to use any gimmick to get Aso Rock back in their laps. That is why they vowed to give Goodluck Jonathan headache by making the masses (electorates) that voted him in hate him as they (the northern politicians) are using different tactics to fight Goodluck and the poor Nigerians masses that exercise their franchise.
Boko Haram has seriously undermined democracy in this country. Simply put, Boko haram has shown that Nigeria is very far from democracy that they have been clamouring for some years. How can we (Nigeria) claim to be a democratic nation when there are insecurity of lives and properties of the populace. How can Nigerian claim to be democratic nation when the so called old politicians/political aspirants decided to commit such deadly plan of sponsoring killers in the name of Islamic sect Boko haram to kill the very people he has planned to rule/head.
Recently, there is plan to have political talk with Boko haram sect. One wonders if the only way to get the attention of the leadership is through killing people, wasting and destroying our mearged resources.
Boko haram and insecurity it posed to this nation has publicly proved that Nigerian can never be one as they claim to be and that Nigeria is very far from practicing true democracy.
The truth is that Boko haram are not spirits, they are not the poor class or illiterates, rather they are the unhappy politicians from the north who is sponsoring killers to kill the masses for voting candidates of their choice.
Boko haram is corruption personified, it is only corruption that would make human being that is supposed to be a leader by example to turn and waste the destines of people for no reason.
Boko haram with its twin brother ethnicity has posed a serious question to our democracy. Boko haram (Islamic religion) is posing a challenge to democracy in Nigeria and more especially to the integrity of the northern politicians. Boko haram has demotivated Nigerian masses. The masses has lost hope in the leadership since blood is being shed every day and our law makers are not saying anything about it instead the leadership especially northern politicians are busy sponsoring that the killers should be praised by Boko haram having talk with the government on how they (the killer Boko haram) should be rewarded.
Boko haram has also proved that the judiciary is no longer the last hope of common man. Boko haram has shown that Nigeria doesn’t have law makers, judiciary, and executive. If the security agents in Nigeria understand that they are being paid for their job, why haven’t they discovered any leaders, sponsors, and supporter of Boko haram sect and deal with them as killing illiterate alimagiris would do nothing to curb the problem.
The conclusion is that the leadership of this nation is very corrupt and the masses is only trusting of God for the protection of their lives and properties and the judgement of the blood of the poor masses the leadership of this nation has shade because of corruption or greediness.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
This project work intents to achieve the following purposes: –
- To examine critically democracy and problems of democracy.
- To examine Boko haram and its consequences to democracy in Nigeria.
- Asses Boko haram major attacks on Nigeria.
- Consequences of Boko haram activities to National development.
- To make a recommendation that will help to sustain democratic rule in Nigeria.
1.4 Significance of the Study
This research work would be of great benefit to the leadership to the country. It will serve as an appraisal to the leadership of this country.
Moreso, this work would be of great benefit to the northern politicians that are seriously preparing to come out in 2015 election because they will be able to know peoples view of their illicit behaviour. As the northern political aspirants are killing people to rule wood.
They will also learn that it is only wood and goats that they spared will vote them. God in heaven and any human being in Nigeria has learnt that after shading blood to rule, they will continue to kill when they are in office.
However, the research work will try to revive Nigeria as they will learn that they are still very far from practicing democracy.
The work will also serve as a reference point to future researchers.
1.5 Research Questions
- Is Boko haram a threat to the whole country?
- To what extent has Boko haram a threat to the regime of Goodluck Jonathan?
- Did Atiku, Buhari and their acolytes vow to disturb the regime of Goodluck Jonathan?
- To what extent has Boko haram undermined Nigeria democracy?
- Is corruption a bane to Nigeria democracy?
1.6 Scope / Delimitation of the Study
This work covers democracy and religious sect in Nigeria, Goodluck Jonathan regime.
1.7 Limitation of Study
This work is affected as a result of limited time and finance at the researcher’s disposal.
1.8 Definition of Terms
It is essential at this stage of our study to define or clarify some terminologies used in this work. A clear idea of those basic concepts term will certainly provide an easy understanding the entire work.
It is a combination of two Greek words which are “demo” and “krato” meaning government by the people “consent”. Therefore, democracy, from a layman’s point of view is government of the people by the people and for the people.
Democracy may be defined as a system of government in which all qualified adult citizens share the supreme power directly or through their elected representatives. Democracy is a system of government based on popular consent.
Also, the term democracy has in another occasion been described as “government by consent of the governed” i.e. government with the approval of the people being governed.
Boko Haram is a controversial Islamist militant group that seeks the imposition of Sharia law in the northern states of Nigeria and rest of the country. It is a jihadist group that strongly opposes man-made laws and modern science.
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
The aim of this chapter is to present a brief summary of the findings of this project, it will also involve general conclusion and recommendations with a brief view of the limitation of the study.
5.1 Summary of Findings
The research discovered that Nigeria has problem with their democracy. But the recent problem was the problem of religions sect (Bokoharam) which has caused a lot of instability in the country’s polity because of the bokoharam activities.
Bokoharam existence in Nigeria has constitute a big threat not only to democracy in Nigeria, it is a threat to the whole country because of the insecurity that characterized it.
The researcher also found out that Islamic Religion which is one of the religions in the country is a problem to Nigeria and the world at large because of their terrorist attacks and efforts to impose Sharia law in the country against the wish of the people.
Most of the activities of the bokoharam are sponsored by some northern politicians/leaders. They are bokoharam supporters.
Bokoharam activities has a negative consequences on the National development and the researcher found out that the way (solution to stopping bokoharam activities is throng dialogue between bokoharam members and the government).
There is no true Nigerian who will claim ignorant of the problem facing democracy in Nigeria which was as a result of the insurgence Islamic militant group. It is very clear that no country can thrive with the problem and unconducive atmosphere caused by the activities of bokoharam and this inevitably cannot catapult our present state of underdevelopment to a develop country.
In as much as the regime of Goodluck Jonathan has taken cognizance of the nightmare and insecurity problem caused by the bokoharam activities in the country which has hampered democracy in Nigeria, all hands must be an desk in order to find a lasting solution to this unhealthy activities of this Islamic sect in order for the country to move forward and attain the much anticipated National and economic development.
From the research made, one will be able to find out that for any country like Nigeria who have not gotten it right with its democracy as a result of the problem caused by religious sect cannot record any success in its national development.
Sequel to that, the following recommendations were made: –
- The respect for human right and rule of law since Nigeria is made up of different ethnic and tribal groups, and different religion. There is right to freedom of worship and religion as enshrined in the constitution. The different religious group should have respect for others and avoid imposing a particular religion to the entire country against the wish of the people, that is to say that there should be respect for one religion to another and no religion should claim superiority.
- Dialogue: If any group be it religious group or otherwise trying to get the attention of the government should not engage in violence, because nothing good can come out of violence instead damages, and lost of lifes. Dialogue is seen as the best means of conflict resolution. The bokoharam members should engage in dialogue with the government.
- Government should also device a strong means of capturing the sponsors of these bokoharam members. Any body caught as supporter/sponsor of bokoharam should punished as a deterrent to others. Government should deal decisively with any body caught as a sponsor/supporter of bokoharam, equally government should inaugurate programmes that would help in addressing the issues of bokoharam activities in the country.
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