Critical Assessment Of National Youths Service Corps Towards Enhancing National Integration (A Case Study Of Anambra State)
The purpose of this study was to reveal the critical assessment of national youths service corps in Nigeria. The instrument used were questionnaire, the questionnaire was used to answer the research questions made up of four items population for this study were made up of 120 (one hundred and twenty) people comprising the nysc staff and staff of student affairs in federal polytechnic, oko. The instrument used were supervisor and corrected by the supervised before the final copy was made. The data collection was analysed in simple percentage in chapter four (4) based on the analysis. Major findings were indicated and conclusion drawn. Based on the findings, the researcher finally made her recommendations. That supervisor should be appointed to supervise the corps members during their service year. Also, that proper orientation should be given to them so that the aim of achieving national integration will be ensured categorically from the scheme.
Table of Content
- Title page
- Approval page
- Table of contents
- 1.1 Background of the study
- 1.2 Statement of the problem
- 1.3 Purpose of the study
- 1.4 Significance of the study
- 1.5 Research questions
- 1.6 Scope of the study
- 1.7 Definition of Terms
- 2.0 Introduction
- 2.1 Meaning of NYSC
- 2.2 Origin of NYSC in Nigeria
- 2.3 NYSC as a means of practical on the job training and orientation
- 2.4 NYSC as a means of proving indigenous manpower needed
- 2.5 NYSC and graduates experiment in national integration
- 2.6 Important of NYSC
- 2.7 Summary of Related Literature
- 3.1 Brief outline of the study
- 3.2 Design of the study
- 3.3 Area of the study
- 3.4 Population of the study
- 3.5 Sample of the study
- 3.6 Instruments for data collection
- 3.7 Validation of instrument
- 3.8 Distribution and retrieval of the instrument
- 3.9 Method of data analysis
4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis
5.0 Summary, Recommendations and Conclusion
- 5.1 Summary of findings
- 5.2 Recommendation
- 5.3 Conclusion
- 5.4 Limitations of the study
- 5.5 Suggestions for further studies
Experience, training or Orientation is the power and test of every work done or to be done in human history. The National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) is the only means through which graduates can obtain the best training, orientation of up-bringing of the theoretical context of what they study and equally the challenges to face as an independent entity.
According to Oxford advance learners Dictionary 7th Edition it defines Orientation as training or information that is given before starting a new job, course etc. National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) has it’s emphasis on the idea of orientation and National Integration of graduates of various higher Institutions. With these orientation and Integration, graduate from all tribe, race and ethnic diversities are show how life should be after school and how perform job with the trainer’s supervision. Oxford advance learners Dictionary, Special Price Edition Saw Integration as act or process of mixing people who have previously been separated, usually because of colour, race, religion etc. Therefore National Youth Service Corps is a type of training and integration designed to expose and prepare graduates of higher institutions for this purpose, ie what they are likely to meet after graduation. The scheme or programme affords the opportunity of being familiarized and exposed to various culture, tradition and interaction and equally the experiences needed.
This study however is not aimed at looking at what is training is all about or the meaning of NYSC rather it is to critically assess the National Youth Service Corps towards enhancing National Integration, using Anambra State in Nigeria as a case study. The case study is a state in South East Nigeria which was created to promote integration of people from various race to enhance National Development. These graduates which are integrated and oriented will become managers of human resource and administrators of various ministries in the state and Nigerian at large.
1.1 Background of the Study
This research work is being conducted to find out or make a critical assessment of NYSC in Nigeria and in Anambra in particular. What NYSC has done or would do for the Nigeria graduates. The National Youth Service Corps is a programme designed to inculcate discipline to the Youths by instilling in them a tradition of industry and dedication and of patriotic and loyal service to the Nation in any situation in which they may find themselves. Secondly the raising of the moral tone of the youths by giving them the opportunity to learn about higher ideals of National achievement and social and cultural improvement. Thirdly the development of attitudes of mind and acquired suitable training, which will make them more amenable to mobilization in the national interest. A also the central focus of this scheme includes the development of common ties among the youths and the promotion of national unity by ensuring that the participants in the scheme are assigned to states other than their states of origin, or residence, that each group assigned to work together, is as representative of the country as possible. The participant the equally exposed to the mode of living of people in different parts of the country with a view to removing pre-judices, eliminating ignorance, and confirming at first hand the many similarities among Nigerian’s of all ethnic groups, the encouragement of the participants in the scheme to seek, at the end of their NYSC service, career employment all over the country thus promoting the free movement of high level manpower in the nation, and finally to induce employers to employ more readily than ever before qualified Nigeria’s irrespective of their state of origin.
Anambra State which is one of the five South East State was created in 1991 under the military regime of General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida to further enhance Development through manpower procurement, basic infrastructural facilities and other basic necessary amenity Anambra has first creation in and second creation in the year 1991 with their capital at Awka. The orientation camp of NYSC in Anambra is located in Umuanya in Oyi Local Government has ruled Anambra Since it’s creation. Presently the seat is chaired by Peter Obi of all progressive grand Alliance “APGA” for second term.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
It has been observed that some graduates have some misconception about this programme as provided by federal government. Some graduates for example equate the programme with holidays jobs or as three weeks picnic. Hence, the aims and the commitment is lacking and so the skills and experience to be gained may at the end not be acquired. Infact many of the graduates regards the camp allowances and monthly “Alawie” stipends as vital.
Again, there is reluctance among large numbers of employers to accepts and provide facilities necessary for meaningful service year. Their fear is that must of these graduates are inexperienced to hand certain delicate machines and tools without damaging them during their primary assignment, a situation in which student are not allowed to use certain equipments does not provide the desired motive needed to prepare them for the task ahead.
Also, some of these graduates are not supervised during their primary assignment at all and are not fully secured and protected, as most of them are deployed to a poor locality. All these are challenges which the scheme should addressed.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of the study is to assess critically on the extent of usefulness of National Youth Service Corps. In order to do this, the research work will aim at the following.
- To find out whether the graduate participating in NYSC receive full orientation and training.
- To find out whether the graduates participating in NYSC gain insight into and about national integration.
- To determine whether NYSC helps to generate pool of indigenous trained manpower to meet the needs of the country’s economy.
- To investigate whether NYSC has put in adequate machineries to secure and protects the participating graduates.
- To determine whether the NYSC helps in securing and protecting the participating graduates in their various places of primary assignment.
1.4 Significance of the Study
From the purpose of the study, it was assured that the scheme is completely different from SIWES, or ordinary long vacation employment of the under-graduate, it is a preparatory programme NYSC as at the time of it’s inception was limited to graduates of various institutions of higher in Nigeria. The scheme has succeeded in establishing a closer collaboration between institutions and industries, which is essential for preparing and integrating people ahead of their ethnic and cultural diversity. Heads of institutions of higher learning in the country have now realized the use fullness and invaluable contribution of NYSC in training graduates as a means of improving the quality of skilled manpower in Nigeria. A standard which the limited resources in the institution cannot provide.
1.5 Research Questions
In the process of carrying out this research work, the following research questions were used to guide the researcher.
The study will attempt to answer to the following questions.
- Do graduates who participates in NYSC receive adequate training and orientation?
- Is NYSC helping in enhancing national integration and unity?
- What machinery has NYSC put in place in generating a pool of indigenous trained manpower needed by the country?
- Do the participation graduates receive adequate protection during this programme?
1.6 Scope of the Study
In as much as the study is specifically on the critical assessment of National Youth Service Corps towards enhancing National integration, based on this, there is need to carry out a comparative research with a particular state in Nigeria.
This study is limited to Anambra State which is one of the five South East state in Nigeria. The reason behind this restriction is that the researcher is a student facing both time and financial constraints.
1.7 Definition of Terms
For the purpose of this, some technical and other terms had been used in the research work which may sound ambiguous. For simplicity, terms that may be new or strange to the readers are explained as they are meant to be under stood by the researcher.
NYSC: National Youth Service Corps, a programme designed for training and orientation of graduates against life challenges and for national integration.
Used to mean the person who carried out the research work.
A process that involves the acquisition of skills, concepts, rules or attitudes in order to improve present and future performance.
The ability to carry out duties and responsibilities demanded of their position.
Sharing a common origin, culture or language.
Commune (parts) into a whole bring or come into full membership of a community.
Assemble (troops etc) for active services.
Before the administration of justices.
5.0 Summary, Recommendations and Conclusion
5.1 Summary of Findings
The findings revealed that about 50% of the respondents believed that the importance of NYSC cannot be over-emphasized because the corps members who participates in the programmes indicates that they receive adequate training, orientation and equally of the area they served.
It was also revealed that the corps members participated in NYSC programmes were exposed to the various social life and methods of handling life challenges after their service year.
It was observed the NYSC helps to generate a pool of indigenous trained manpower needed by the country.
Generally, it is also observed that the corps members who participates in the NYSC programmes gain insight into industrial routine operation after their service year.
Following the findings, recommendations were deemed necessary.
The NYSC should repackage the students to understand the concept of the programme so as to alleviate the misconception they have about the Nation Service. This could be done by organizing pre-orientation programme for students at their various higher, institution before the commencement of the main Nation Service.
The NYSC organizers should realize good and quality of work being performed by Anambra State and therefore make provision for the rehabitation and maintenance of their orientation camp so that the corps members should be given the quality training and orientation needs in the scheme.
Employers should accept and provide the corps with facilities necessary for meaningful service year. This should be done by allowing them to handle delicate machines and tools so as to ensure effective performance and helps to boast their working morale. Effort should be made that such situation were they are not allowed to handle those facilities is prohibited.
Moreover, the scheme should organize proper supervision and assign every supervisor to a number corpers during their service year and the supervisor will from time to time deliver feedback as regards to the corpers performance and assessment report.
Furthermore, corps members on the own part should comply with their employers rules and regulations by being regular and punctual.
Finally, efforts should be made to the scheme carefully on the assessment and impact of NYSC in conjunction with the corpers needs, interest and aspirations (socially and academically) as future builders requirement, in order to come up with a more meaningful National integration.
The following conclusion were drawn based on the findings of the study and the researchers interpretations of their meaning. The corp members could perform better after their service year if they receive adequate training orientation and integration, during their one year national service.
If employers will accepts and provide corp members with available machines and equipment, they will be able to carry out their duties and functions effectively.
If adequate and proper orientation were organized for them at school before their commencement of the NYSC, most of them will not have any mis-conception about the programmes.
Also, if the scheme should organize proper supervision to a group of corp members in a particular area, there will be a more effective service year.
5.4 Limitation of the Study
In the process of carrying out this research project, there are some set bucks that limit the scope of the study. The most identifiable among them is time, this is because the researchers have to allot her time such that the demand for other academic work are met. Another major factor is lack of fund.
The researcher found it very difficult to cover some in-avoidable expenses like transport costs, stationeries, and sourcing materials from internet. So because of this reason, the researcher limits her scope of collecting data to Anambra State, some staff in students affairs of Federal Polytechnic Oko help to allieriate the above mentioned difficulties.
5.5 Suggestion for Further Studies
For the purpose of further studies in the field of academic the following topics are suggested for further studies.
- The problems of training and orientations for industries, the Nigeria experience.
- National Youth Service Corps, in Human Resources Development in Nigeria.
- NYSC programmes, the lacy to sustainable national development.
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