A Critical Analysis On The Causes Of Mass Failure In English Language In Primary Schools In Udu Local Government Area Of Delta State

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A Critical Analysis On The Causes Of Mass Failure In English Language In Primary Schools In Udu Local Government Area Of Delta State


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the causes of mass failure in English Language in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State. The study was specifically carried out to ascertain whether English Language is effectively taught in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State, find out if pupils socio-economic background contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language, find out if students-teachers relationship contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language, and find out if nature of school environment contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprises of teachers of some selected primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 39 respondents and 35 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that English Language is not effectively taught in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State. Furthermore, the result of the findings reveals that pupils socio-economic background contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language. Therefore, it is recommended that government should provide opportunities for the in-service training and refresher courses for subject teachers to improve their teaching skills. To mention but few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Education is the key to creating, applying and spreading new ideas and technologies. It is critical for sustaining growth as it argument the cognitive and other skill which in turn increases labour and productivity. It is the intellectual catalyst of development for a nation and the individual. Primary education is/are recognized globally as the major avenue for promoting mass literacy and consequently, rapid national development. The recognition of the importance of free universal and compulsory primary education has led to the various declaration and action at the national and international level sentence combining strategy & primary in spoken written and reading of English in Ibadan, Nigeria 532. Some conference are also made such as the United Nations General Assembly of 1959, the conference of African Ministers of Education held in Addis Ababa in 1961 and the Jomtien conference in 1990. Among the declaration is the right of child to basic education that is the tree of universal and compulsory education which must be achieved by the year 2015.

The importance of Language in literacy development and the process of acquiring language is continuous and endless. According to (Cooper 2000). Indicate further that children acquire literacy that is reading, writing and spoken of English language when they have a need that is meaningful and real through interactions. This trend involves whole meaningful supportive and continuous process. Some research findings by Idopo (1981-2005), Ajayi (1981-2005), Ajila (2003-2005), Jiboku (1991) and Ayodele (1983) have also indicate that literacy problem is as a result of the weak foundation at the primary school level. Also Idoyo (2005), Ajayi (2004) and Ajila (2003) Trade the trend of this problem to the primary school where the foundation for learning English language as a means to inculcate permanent literacy and numeracy for effective communicative skill is supposed to be laid.

In most part of the world, English Language is used as the means of communication, mass media, language of commerce and it is also called Lingua franca. In Nigeria, the enviable position attained by the language in virtually all the sphere of the nation is without measure even at the educational level as it is the language of education. In the Nigerian educational system, English is used as the language of instruction from primary school through tertiary level. It has become a window through which sound academic excellence can be viewed and attained. (Obigwe, 2003).

Despite the importance attached to the English language, the primary school level as pupils performance revealed in common entrance examination both in the subject and other subjects which are expressed through the use of English language is still very low. It may be proper to say that the poor performance of students generally in English Language lay on the poor foundation of primary school and could not be unconnected with their inability to write a good composition. The poor performance of student in various examinations is on the increase. According to Adepoju (1999). He indicate that among the factors that is responsible for the pupils poor performances as identified by the chief examiner report for the year 2000 and some researcher such as Idogo (2005), Ajayi (2004), Ezekiel (1999), Adelabi (1998), Jiboku (1998) and Ayodele (1984) conclude that poor knowledge of the rules of grammar, ignorance of acceptable sentence pattern, inability to construct a complete sentence and lack of teachers’ exposure to modern method of teaching. This had led to many research efforts, which have also directed towards the factors responsible for the conditions and what could be done to rectify this problem.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The poor attitude of students towards the study of English language in secondary schools is an unsatisfactory state of affairs and imbalance in the educational sector in particular and the nation’s development in general. English language as a core subject of Nigeria schools suggest the importance the government, parents and students themselves attach to the study. The phenomena increase in students’ attitude towards the study of English language in primary schools should not be allowed to remain for too long unattended to.

The need to motivate students to develop positive attitude towards the study of English language in secondary school and to create a conducive environment for studying English language is not disputable and cannot be over-emphasized. The unfortunate thing is that pupils attitude towards the study of English language in schools is fraught with a lot of problems. There is a general belief that whenever pupils perform poorly in their courses the teacher has not really taught them well. People hardly look at the problem from the point of view of the pupils attitude towards the courses; the problem of this study therefore is to critically analyse on the causes of mass failure in English Language in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The purpose of the study is to critically analyse on the causes of mass failure in English Language in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State. Specifically, the objectives of the study are as follows:

  1. Ascertain whether English Language is effectively taught in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State.
  2. Find out if pupils socio-economic background contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language.
  3. Find out if students-teachers relationship contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language.
  4. Find out if nature of school environment contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions were formulated to guide the study based on the research objectives;

  1. Is English Language effectively taught in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State?
  2. Does pupils socio-economic background contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language?
  3. Does students-teachers relationship contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language?
  4. Does nature of school environment contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: Socio-economic background, students-teachers relationship, nature of school environment does not contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language.
  • Ha: Socio-economic background, students-teachers relationship, nature of school environment contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language.

1.6 Significance of the Study

As Nigeria is still a developing nation, it is hoped that the findings of this research will encourage various governments to provide conducive environment, teaching aids and qualified teachers for effective study of English language in primary schools.

This study is of educational importance because it is believed that if English language teachers in primary schools understand the factors which stimulate the growth of interest in English language, such knowledge may provide bases not only to make English language popular but also to make the teaching of English language humanizing.
Re-orient pupils with positive attitude towards the study of English language in primary schools. Assist the government to identify pupils attitude towards the study of English language in primary schools. Serve as a basis for other researchers who are carrying out investigation on similar problems facing the development of education in Nigeria. Help teachers and educational planners to acquire knowledge of solving problems associated with the attitude of students towards the study of English language in primary schools.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study is structured to generally the causes of mass failure in English Language in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State. However the respondents for this study will be obtained from teachers of some selected primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

English Language:

English language as the entire stock of words belonging to a branch of knowledge or known by an individual.

Language Teaching and Learning:

With reference to English Language, this means the whole activities that surround the process of acquiring English as second language by students in Nigeria.

Education:

This is a formal instruction or training given to a child in school. According to the 6th edition of the Oxford dictionary, it is a process of teaching, training and learning, especially in schools or colleges to improve knowledge and develop skills


1.10 Organizations of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the causes of mass failure in English Language in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the causes of mass failure in English Language in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State. The study was specifically carried out to ascertain whether English Language is effectively taught in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State, find out if pupils socio-economic background contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language, find out if students-teachers relationship contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language, and find out if nature of school environment contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 35 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were teachers of some selected primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. English Language is not effectively taught in primary schools in Udu Local Government Area of Delta State.
  2. Pupils socio-economic background contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language.
  3. Students-teachers relationship contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language.
  4. Nature of school environment contributes to the mass failure of pupils in English Language.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Government should provide opportunities for the in-service training and refresher courses for subject teachers to improve their teaching skills.
  2. The government should set up very strong supervisory team that will look after truant teachers.
  3. In order to motivate students to take interest in the subject of English, subject teachers should provide friendly environment in class room.
  4. English subject teachers should make sure the checking of the assigned homework of the students properly and regularly.
  5. English subject teachers should make sure that teacher-student interaction tack place in the classes necessary for enhancing the effectiveness of the teaching learning process.
  6. The officials should make sure the check and balance of the all teachers generally and the English teachers particularly.
  7. The involvement of the parents in the schools` affairs should be made sure for enhancing the performance of the students as well as teachers.

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