Correlates Of Group Work And Senior Secondary School Students Performance In Education

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Correlates Of Group Work And Senior Secondary School Students Performance In Education


Abstract


This study is on correlate of group works and senior secondary school student performance in education. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools in Lokoja, Kogi state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made principals,vice principals administration, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Teaching and learning at the secondary school is fast changing; group work has become an important focus in this time of pedagogical change (Burke, 2011). Group work is one strategy for group instruction which is under the learner-centered approach. It is a pedagogical approach that promotes students to students’ interaction through working in small groups to maximize their learning and reach their shared goals (Adekola, 2014).

Group learning is an instructional program in which students work in small groups to help one another master academic content. Learners in this classroom structure perceive that they are working together with other students to gain rewards. In this environment, a student’s success depends on the comparable success of other students (Chukwuyenum, Nwankwo and Toochi, 2014).

An important goal of using group work is to encourage and enable other students to succeed. Effective cooperative learning has two major components: Positive interdependence and Individual responsibility. That is, the members of the group must depend on one another to the extent that each member has responsibilities, each wants the others to succeed, and no one feels that his own success or failure will hurt the others in the group (Johnson and Johnson, 2002).

To enhance students’ achievement, group members must promote each other’s learning and success face-to-face; hold each other personally and individually accountable to do a fair share of the work, use the interpersonal and small group skills needed for collaborative efforts to be successful and process as a group how effectively members are working together (Adekola, 2014).

In education today, there are interesting goup learning strategies that will enable students to have active control over their own learning and will also enhance academic achievement (Onabanjo, 2000). According to Wichadee (2007) group learning can be structured in many different models; some of the general ones are Students’ Team Achievement Division (STAD), Teams-Games Tournament (TGT) and Jigsaw I and II.

Teachers can use any of this approach to stimulate students to acquire the knowledge as well as create interpersonal and team skills. Traditionally, classes always consist of good students (high achievers) and weak students (low achievers). The weak students sit in isolation as they gradually lose confidence in their ability to learn. Working in groups, therefore, is believed to help solve this problem as group members can complement each other’s strengths and weaknesses. Students who do not like to speak in a large class are more comfortable speaking out in smaller groups (Adekola, 2014).

While the term encompasses a broad array of practices, group learning, or small group work, remains an important element of active learning theory and practice (Burke, 2011).


1.2 Statement of the Problem

It is evident that failure in secondary schools is as a result of the lack of interest on both the teachers and the students as the teachers resort to the use of the traditional methods which is not enhancing assimilation of subjects’ content while the student’s motivational level is drastically reduced leading to failure. This negative attitude could be reduced if students work together and learn from one another (Chukwuyenum, Nwachukwu and Toochi, 2014).

Moreover, it has been observed that senior secondary school students in Nigerian generally and Lagos state in particular are recording poor academic performance from both internal and external examinations. This may not be unconnected with the way and manner they are being taught. In recent years however, evidence abounds showing that group learning strategy tends to give students better ways of understanding concepts and improve academic performance (Ibrahim, 2003). It is believed by many that when students work in group they tend to understand each other better than when a teacher teaches them.

Research works in Nigeria also indicated that very little research efforts had been directed at group learning. Besides, group work approach has been highly recommended for teaching at all levels, as stated by the Federal Government of Nigeria (2004) in the National Policy on Education. This, therefore, tends to suggest that most teachers are not sensitized on the advantages of the use of group work, it is believed that the manner in which most schooling occurs may not be teaching students to become aware of their own learning, to think critically and to derive their own pattern of thought and meaning from content presented through the teachers. It was in attempt to bridge this gap on the knowledge of the effects of group work on students’ academic performance in senior secondary school that this study is being carried out.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The study will be conducted with the following objectives: To;

  1. Examine the relationship between group work and students’ academic performance in senior secondary school.
  2. Find out the effect of cooperative learning on student academic achievement.
  3. Investigate the influence of teamwork on enhancing students confidence
  4. Find out if collaborative learning is related to classroom success.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: There is no significant relationship between group work and students’ academic performance in senior secondary school.
    H1: There is significant relationship between group work and students’ academic performance in senior secondary school.
  2. H02: Cooperative learning is not related to student academic achievement
    H2: Cooperative learning is related to student academic achievement

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study will give a clear insight of correlate of group works and senior secondary school student performance in education. This will be beneficial to students, ministry of education and the general public and the work will serve as reference to other researchers that will embark on this topic


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of the study covers correlate of group works and senior secondary school student performance in education. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities


1.7 Definition of Terms

Correlate:

Have a mutual relationship or connection, in which one thing affects or depends on another.

Student Performance:

Academic achievement or performance is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long-term educational goals. Cumulative GPA and completion of educational benchmarks such as secondary school diplomas and bachelor’s degrees represent academic achievement.

Group Work:

Group work is a form of voluntary association of members benefiting from cooperative learning, that enhances the total output of the activity than when done individually


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain correlate of group works and senior secondary school student performance in education. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of correlate of group works and senior secondary school student performance in education


5.2 Summary

This study was on correlate of group works and senior secondary school student performance in education. Three objectives were raised which included: Examine the relationship between group work and students’ academic performance in senior secondary school, find out the effect of cooperative learning on student academic achievement, investigate the influence of teamwork on enhancing students confidence, find out if collaborative learning is related to classroom success. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools in Lokoja, Kogi state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made principals, vice principals administration, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

This study set out to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing group work in secondary school, in terms of student performance and students’ perceptions of this didactic form of learning. Observing the group interaction and the group’s solutions, it is possible to say that group work learning helped to deepen students’ understanding of the material, a conclusion that is also reflected in the final examination results prompting higher performance levels for the class which underwent group work learning on the specific topic of Integration. The educator taking part in this intervention further observed that students did attempt to be critical and developed their analytical thinking skills whilst working in a group. Struggling students that once became discouraged with individual work experienced reduced strain and felt less stress when tackling a mathematical problem whilst collaborating with fellow group members. Perhaps this increase in self-esteem and greater social competence could in the long run, also contribute to a more positive attitude towards the university experience. Moreover, it was observed that students found themselves discussing the importance of different proposed solutions, searching for applicable problems, and surpassing their capacities for individual work at that developmental stage


5.4 Recommendation

  1. The cooperative learning approach has been used effectively in mathematics and science (Killen, 2007). Now the results of our study have proved its effectiveness in subject of education. So, cooperative learning method is strongly recommended to be used in social science as well.
  2. Additional research should be conducted on large sample to increase the generalizability of the findings to the subject of education.
  3. Future research should also focus on comparisons between different models of cooperative learning.
  4. Cooperative learning intervention should be given for a long time period to observe its effectiveness.

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