Contributions Of Cooperative Societies To Rural Development Activities (A Case Study Of Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria)

Project and Seminar Material for Cooperative Economics and Management CEM

Contributions Of Cooperative Societies To Rural Development Activities (A Case Study Of Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria) – Charles


Abstract


This study was carried out to assess the contributions of cooperative societies to rural development activities using Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria as a case study. The study specifically was aimed to ascertain the extent cooperative societies contribute to rural development in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria, identify he rural development activities of cooperative societies in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria, and find out the economic contributions of cooperative societies to rural development activities in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria.. The population size comprised of staff of Growers’ Micro Finance Cooperative Society Limited in Enugu State. In determining the sample size, the researcher purposefully selected 160 respondents and 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using mean scores. While the hypotheses was tested Chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the extent cooperative societies contribute to rural development in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria is high. Furthermore the result of the study reveals that the rural development activities of cooperative societies in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria includes: promotion of agriculture, provision of credit facilities, social welfare activities, and environmental conservation. Therefore, it is recommended that government support to Cooperative organizations in terms of enabling policy environment and assistance needs to be provided to enhance the activities of cooperative organizations in the state. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • REFERENCES
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Rural development according to Diejomoah (2003) is “ The process of not only increasing the level of per capital income in the rural area but also the standard of living of the rural population measured by food and nutrition level, health, education, housing, recreation and security. Also Rural development according to UNO (1960) is “The process by which the effort of he people themselves are United with effort that of government authorities to improved the economic social and cultural conditions of the rural communities to integrate those community into life of the nation and to enable them contribute meaningful to national development.

Therefore, Rural Development is an integration activity involving the Implementation of programmes of agriculture, health, education, home management, provision of infrastructure and other community facilities under the supervision of the government, its agencies and the local people.

Co-operative society is one of the principal agent of rural development. It is not only an avenue for job opportunities, but also as a training ground for the rural dwellers and other society and economic benefits. Hence, it is a strong factor in the nations economic development.
Helms (2005) on the other hand defines co-operative society as an association of persons who have voluntarily joined together to have a common end through the formation of a democratically controlled enterprise, making equitable contribution to the capital required and accepting a fair share of the risk and benefit of the undertaking in which the member activity participate. On the other hand it could be seen as a voluntarily association of persons having mutual ownership in providing themselves some needed service on non-profit basis usually organized as a legal entity to accomplish objectives through joint participation of its members.

As it is, the problem faced by the rural dwellers in Nigeria today is complex. It is those in the rural areas who have to produce not only enough for their families but also for industries and urban population. They also have to produce cash crops either for processing by local industries or for export. Still they lack the basic necessities of life.

Co-operative is a vital issue in every community in this world. Place where it has been properly put into effective operation, its members have greatly achieve something from it. Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, is one of the areas where co-operative societies have improved the live of its citizens.

Hence assistance should be given to the rural people so as to enable them improve politically, economically, socially and otherwise through co-operative societies. This study therefore, intends to examine rural development, discuss or diagnose strategies adopted by coo-operative societies in developing rural areas. Examine the problem areas if coo-operative societies and to provide recommendation or solution to the problem so far identified.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Perhaps, one of the greatest problem confronting Rural Development today is the loop sided and unbalanced development of their environment and how best to improve the living standard of the rural dwellers. It is not in correct to state that the gross unbalance and inequalities in the level of development between the rural and urban areas of Nigeria is enormous taking Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, for example. In spite of all the orchestrated policies and programmes of successive government in Nigeria, the problem of rural backwardness and under – development has remained unresolved. This is evident in the persistence of agriculture stagnation, hunger, poverty, disease, unemployment, poor housing, under-employment, poor infrastructure facilities. Most of our rural areas also suffer from inadequacy of social services, high birth rate and death rate, low life expectance, malnutrition and Ignorance, lack of productive, technical and managerial skill to improve production.

In the light of these problems, the researcher is therefore boarded and wants to probe into the activities of co-operative societies to know whether they are contributing towards the development of our rural areas with a particular focus on Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The study’s overall purpose is to examine the contributions of cooperative societies to rural development activities (a case study of Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria). The study, on the other hand, was focused on achieving these precise goals.

  1. Ascertain the extent cooperative societies contribute to rural development in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria.
  2. Identify he rural development activities of cooperative societies in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria.
  3. Find out the economic contributions of cooperative societies to rural development activities in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions guided the study:

  1. What is the extent cooperative societies contribute to rural development in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria?
  2. What are the rural development activities of cooperative societies in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria?
  3. What are the economic contributions of cooperative societies to rural development activities in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: Cooperative societies does not play a significant role on rural development activities
  • Ha: Cooperative societies plays a significant role on rural development activities.

1.6 Significance of Study

This study will be significant to the government as the findings of this study will show the roles of cooperative societies and rural development in Nigeria and as such will formulate policies that will be effective and favourable to cooperative society. This study will also be beneficial to the different cooperative societies as this study will reveal things that might not have been known before.

Additionally, subsequent researchers will use it as a literature review. This means that other students who may decide to conduct studies in this area will have the opportunity to use this study as available literature that can be subjected to critical review. Invariably, the result of the study contributes immensely to the body of academic knowledge with regards to the role of Cooperative society in rural development in Nigeria.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study will be focusing on the contributions of cooperative societies to rural development activities (a case study of Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria). This study is limited to Growers’ Micro Finance Cooperative Society Limited in Enugu State, Nigeria.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Cooperative Society:

A cooperative is “an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned enterprise”. Cooperatives are democratically owned by their members, with each member having one vote in electing the board of directors.

Rural Development:

Any activity likely to improve the standard of living of individuals and the community in general.


1.10 Organizations of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the contributions of cooperative societies to rural development activities using Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria. as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to assess the contributions of cooperative societies to rural development activities using Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria as a case study. The study specifically was aimed to ascertain the extent cooperative societies contribute to rural development in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria, identify he rural development activities of cooperative societies in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria, and find out the economic contributions of cooperative societies to rural development activities in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria..

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents are staff of Growers’ Micro Finance Cooperative Society Limited in Enugu State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. The extent cooperative societies contribute to rural development in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria is high.
  2. The rural development activities of cooperative societies in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria includes: promotion of agriculture, provision of credit facilities, social welfare activities, and environmental conservation.
  3. The economic contributions of cooperative societies to rural development activities in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria inclides: creation of employment opportunities for rural communities, promote financial inclusion by providing access to credit facilities and other financial services, by promoting sustainable development practices such as organic farming and environmental conservation, cooperative societies promote social cohesion by fostering a sense of community and shared ownership among members, cooperative societies encourage entrepreneurship among their members by providing training and support services that help them start and grow their businesses.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. Government support to Cooperative organizations in terms of enabling policy environment and assistance needs to be provided to enhance the activities of cooperative organizations in the state.
  2. Minimization of corruption. Corruption in cooperative societies should be exterminated or reduced to the barest or minimum level.
  3. Minimization of nepotism. Nepotism is one of the causes of division in Nigeria. For cooperative societies to succeed, nepotism must be minimized.
  4. Preparation of a realistic plan. Realistic plans should be drawn periodically and strictly adhered to.
  5. Providing incentives to members. Incentives should be made easily available to members thus encouraging them.
  6. Effective implementation of government policies. Government policies should be effectively implemented in order to further the success of cooperative societies and aid the easy attainment of goals.
  7. At least all villages or clans in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State should have cooperative societies another is that a cooperative bank should be created to solve the problem of lack of capital.
  8. Also, it is recommended that bank keepers, store keepers and auditors should be employed or trained to ensure effective management of the cooperative societies.
  9. Finally, there should be mutual trust within cooperative to ensure steady fast growth in cooperative movement in Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State.

Get Complete Project Material

6,000 Naira

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦6,500 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($25)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 200 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Contributions Of Cooperative Societies To Rural Development Activities (A Case Study Of Oji River L.G.A, Enugu State, Nigeria)

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.