The Contribution Of Literature In Modern African Society

Project and Seminar Material for English Language

The Contribution Of Literature In Modern African Society


Abstract


The contribution of literature in modern African society is very enormous and imperative in view to contemporary African society. With liberation and increase in literacy, since most African nations gained their independence in the recent time, Africa literature has grown drastically in quantity and in recognition, with numerous African works appearing in western academic curricular and on best of its list compiled at the end of the 20th century. Literature has significant roles in civilization of Africans from the renaissance period to this modern African society. Its imperative roles, is encroached to all spheres of life such as culture, music, theatre, traditions and above all, the evolution of present day western education. the modernity of African society is the uniqueness and organization of its literature from days of oral traditions to recent time of reading and writing. In other Africa will have no place in the modern world without its literature, therefore literature has contributed enormously in our present day society.


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

The term literature is used to describe written, spoken materials. Broadly speaking, literature is used to describe anything from creative writing to more technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to refer to works of the creative imaginations, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, prose and non-fiction (Alfred David, 1997). African literature consists of body of work in different languages and various genres, ranging from oral literature to literature written in colonial languages (French, Portuguese, and English). Oral literatures including stories, drama, riddles, histories, myths, songs, proverbs and other expressions is frequently employed to educate and entertain children. Oral histories, myths and proverbs additionally serve to remind whole communities of their ancestors, heroic deeds, their past and the precedents for their customs and traditions. Essentials to oral literature is a concern for presentation and oratory, folktales tellers use calls response techniques a griot (praise singer) will accompany a narrative with music.Some of the first African writings to gain attention in the west were the poignant slaves narrative, such as the “interesting narrative of the life and adventures of Olaudah Equiano, the African” (1979) which described vividly the horrors of slavery and the slave trade. As Africans became literate in their languages, they often reacted against colonial repression in their writings. Others looked to their own past for subjects. Thomas Mofolo, for example wrote “Hake” (1931) about Zulu who was a famous military leader, in susuto.

Literature in African contemporary is as old as mankind itself since Africans have for ages through this vehicle of literature passed information’s from generation to generation most especially that, involving the preservation of her cultures, tradition, religious and other spheres of life. One will be very right to say that literature in African began as man became conscious of himself and the nature has whole and this has been of enormous contributions to Africans education before and after embracing western education. In contact with the colonial education, literature in Africa has taken a much different dimensions (Gabriel, E., 2010). The western education has not only influenced African literature but also subjected most Africans leaving their literature to adopting European ways of life. Post African independent, many African scholars like Wole Soyinka (first African to win noble prize in literature) has through western education presented the African literature to the world at large noting that Africa has her literature before the advent of the colonial masters.


1.1 Background of the Study

There are different ways Africans have presented their literatures and they include:

Autobiography:

This is the story of a persons life written or told by that person. Bill Peet, an autobiography.

Biography:

This is the story of a persons life written by another persons. Eleanor by Babara Cooney

Fable:

This is a story that teaches a moral or lesson. It often has animal characters. “The Fortoise and the Hare.

Fantasy:

Novels are often set in words much different from our own and usually include magic, sorcery and mythical creatures. “The Harry potter series by J. K. Prowling”.

Folktales:

This is a story that has been passed down, usually orally, within a culture. It may be based on superstition and feature supernatural characters. Folktales include fairly tales, tall tales, tricksters and other stories passed down over generations (Hansel, and Gretel).

Legend:

It is a story that has been handed down over generations and it is believed to be based on history, though it typically mixes facts and fiction. The hero of a legend is usually a human. “King Arthur and the Roundtable”.

Myth:

This is a traditional story that a particular culture of group once accepted as sacred and true. It may center on a good or supernatural being and explain how something came to be such and lightening or music or the world itself.

Science Fiction:

Stories examine how science and technology affect the world. The book often involves fantasy that may be reality in the future.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

African literature emerged out of a need to fill a vacuum; that is the gap in African literature is centered on voicelessness. For many years, the discipline of comparative African literature has been overshadowed by the study of literary influences. This is because all African authors belonging to what is commonly called ‘Modern African Literature’ have come under the influence of Western type schools of broadly two different categories namely; the study of analogy or literary affinities and the study of influences or indebtedness of diversity, language and culture has constituted a myriad of problem to African Literatures. It is against this background that the study seeks to find out the contribution of literature in modern African society


1.3 Objective of the Study

The primary objective of the study is as follows

  1. To examine what African literature is all about
  2. To examine how African literature has evolved over the years
  3. To find out the different ways with which African has presented its literature
  4. To examine the contribution of literature in modern African society

1.4 Research Question

The following questions have been prepared for the study

  1. What is African literature?
  2. Has African literature evolved over the years?
  3. What are the different ways with which Africans have presented its literature?
  4. Are there contributions of literature in modern African society?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The significance of this study cannot be underestimated as:

  1. This study will examine the contribution of literature in modern African society
  2. The findings of this research work will undoubtedly provide the much needed information to government organizations, literary community in Africa and academia

1.6 Scope of the Study

This study will examine the contribution of literature in modern African society. It will examine what African literature is all about, how African literature has evolved over the years,and find out the different ways with which African has presented its literature.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

This study was constrained by a number of factors which are as follows:

  1. Just like any other research, ranging from unavailability of needed accurate materials on the topic under study, inability to get data
  2. Financial constraint , was faced by the researcher ,in getting relevant materials and in printing and collation of questionnaires
  3. Time factor: time factor pose another constraint since having to shuttle between writing of the research and also engaging in other academic work making it uneasy for the researcher

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was to examine the contribution of literature in modern African society using the Yoruba folktale as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at highlighting what African literature is all about. examine how African literature has evolved over the years.find out the different ways with which African has presented its literature. And, examine the contribution of literature in modern African society.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. African literature is literature from Africa, either oral or written in African and Afro-Asiatic languages.
  2. African literature,are literary works of the African continent
  3. African literature consists of a body of work in different languages and various genres,
  4. African present their literature through fable
  5. African present their literature through folktales
  6. Africans also present their literature through myth

5.3 Recommendation

  1. Million dollar prize awards should be instituted for literary works in African languages.
  2. Policies that could encourage writing African literature in African languages should be formulated and implemented by government of African countries.
  3. That African literature should create a new form of literary works which will be different from the westernized way of writing

Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: The Contribution Of Literature In Modern African Society

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.