Construction Of Reading Table And A Chair

Project and Seminar Material for Chemical Engineering

Construction Of Reading Table And A Chair


Abstract


The table constructed has a horizontal top with vertical support or legs to raise it from the ground. The aim of the table constructed is for the preservation and storage of useful materials like books, files, computers, result booklets, electronics, office equipments and some vital home equipment etc.

However, before the construction of the table, selection of wooden materials were carried out for long and lasting durability of the table. Mahogamy wood was selected for the construction. Marking out sawing and dimensioning operation was also carried out in order to obtain the required standard shape and size of the table (48” X 24” X 30”) for length, width and hight respectively.

The divided parts was fixed together appropriately and nailed. Then sand papering was carried out in other to make it surface smooth. Spraying and painting was the next operation which carried out to achieve a polished surface. The result obtained after construction was ninety-five percent (95%) compared to the result from literature review and further investigation. The wood use for construction has good workability, durability and can withstand any attacks from fungi harmful insects and bacterial infections

Finally, the table constructed is fitable and convenient for every home, office, industrial, hospital and further utilizations.


Chapter One


Introduction

The need for table comes only second to the need for seats in out door furniture. They will vary from permanent structures attached to the ground and of sufficient size for many people to enjoy meals, to smaller tables that can be moved to others, which may be folded and stowed away.

Folding tables are described as one of the type of table. Within the other categories exist a vest number of designs, the primary need is a flat top at a suitable height from the floor. It is in the means of support that designs vary.

Table tops for use indoors are always without gaps. If boards have to make-up a width, they are joined tightly edge-to-edge. Sometimes such a closed top is needed out doors, but in many cases the top is made of many boards with gaps between. One advantage of this is in shedding rain water more easily, the gaps should no be too wide or there will be difficulty when a cloth is spread over and cutlery and other small items process the cloth into gaps.

For normal use, the gaps should not exceed ½ inch (although there are many table in use with wider spaces). A table should stand firmly, the ideal arrangement for stability is three legs that will not wobble, no matter how uneven the ground. For most tables, it is preferable to have four legs to give support near each corner.

The spread of legs on the floor is greater than the spread of most chair legs. This aids in finding a level stand if the support are not individual legs, but there are broad surfaces at the bottom. It is always advisable to thicken at the corners to provide feet (As in the first example).

Be careful to brace against diagonal or side ways loads, as well as those pressing directly downward. There must be enough stiffness in the joints. If the top and any shelf arte firmly attached, they also serve as stiffness, but if it is a table where someone will be sitting on a chair with their legs underneath, the rails have to be kept out of their way.

The end rails support a shelf of slats for enough in so as not to interferes with a sitter legs at the side. Chairs are often made to match tables. Using generally similar layouts and construction, so there is a balanced appearance when several chairs are grouped around a table. Some seats for more than one person can be made to match as well.

Assess your probable needs and keep in mind a general pattern, even if you are only making one chair at first. If chair are made from prepared wood, stock size of sections can be less than specified, because the quoted size is before us machine planed. For example, you will find that 2×3 inches quoted is actually not much more than 1 ¾ inches finished.

Allow for it during making out, mark form the actual pieces of wood, rather than rely on measurements for widths of cuts. To obtain a better quality chairs and table galvanized nails are preferable which had good resistance to corrosion attack. Iron screw should also be protected effectively.

Finally, wood also has good mechanical properties, thermal properties, electrical properties, Acoustical properties and high density and specific gravity which contribute primarily to high durability and workability characteristics during and after constructional operation.

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Conclusion / Recommendation


If the health and safety precautions and measures are not followed strictly and the methods of construction, the table and chair constructed many serves the purpose to creation but it will not last longer.

Referring to this project, material of selection is very mandatory and necessary before embarking on construction. Materials properties to be used most be firstly considered and its long durability under a specific environment. Most construction works would serves the purpose they are meant for, if the above mentioned recommendation are followed and it would last longer, and good proper house keeping will promote its durability.

It is recommended that wood preservative polished or chemicals that will prevent it from fungi and bacterial attacks should be used finally, any substance or materials which are not coherence with the construction should be prohibited from reacting the structure.

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