The Construction Of Automatic Water Pump Operator
The development of Automatic Water Pump Operator as a device that monitors and controls the level of water in the tanks (Low and High level of reservoir) has helped not only in the provision of water supply for human life where it is installed ,it is also a useful device that keeps the environment clean since it does not allow water spillage over it environment.
The introduction of Automatic Water Pump Operator has a huge advantages over a manual Water Pump System , in the sense that it reduces losses thereby increasing the efficiency in days output of industries that depends on water for their production, it help to curb the overflowing of water which is one of the problem off manual operated system.
This device helps to control the water pump motor by switching it on automatically when the water goes beyond the lower limit and off when it reaches.
Table Of Contents
- Title page
- Certification page
- Table of contents
2.0 Literature review
- 3.0 Resistors
- 3.1 Diode
- 3.2 Bridge rectifier
- 3.3 Capacitor
- 3.4 Relay
- 3.4 Crystal oscillator
- 3.5 Voltage regulator
- 3.6 Transformer
- 3.7 Microcontroller
- 3.8 Programming the peripherial interphase controller
- 3.9 ROM instruction memory
- 3.10 RAM memory
- 3.11 Construction/operation
- 4.12 Circuit diagram of automatic water pump operator
- 3.13 Block diagram of automatic water pump operator
- 3.14 Programming the microcontroller
- 3.15 Procedure for programming device
- 3.16 Problem encountered
4.0 Test and result
- 4.1 Test
- 4.2 Results
5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation
- 5.1 Conclusion
- 5.2 Recommendation
Automatic water pump operator is a device which automates the ON or OFF and other controlling mechanisms of the water pumps which are used in many industries and houses. This device correctly calculates the exact moment to turn NO or OFF the water pump base on the water level in the storage tanks. As a result there is no chance for the pumps to get burned and there is no wastage of water which was the basic problem in the manual water pump system. Automatic water pump operator is used to control the water pump motor.
The motor gets automatically switched on when water in the over head tank (OHT) falls below the lower limit similarly it gets switched off when the tank is filled up. Built around only an AND gate I. this circuit is simple, compact and economical. It uses a 12V DC power supply and consumes very little power. The circuit can be divided into two parts controller circuit and indicator circuit. The controller circuit is one which is use for the purpose of controlling the water pump action. When the water level reaches a maximum level the motor turns off and when the water level goes below the minimum level the motor turns on automatically.
This circuits consists of a NAND gate IC, transistors, relays with specification 12V, 200 OHM IC/o, diodes, the indicator circuit is one which is use to indicate the level of water inside the tank depending upon the number of LEDs that glow we can determine the water level in the tank. This device is very much useful to curb the over flow of water in overhead tanks which in turns favors conservation of water. With further advancement, it can be use to check the level of water in dams.
5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation
In this project work, the project ELECTRIC WATER PUMP was constructed, the construction made use of the fact that the sensitivity and input resistance of the ELECTRIC WATER PUMP is increased when the decoder decodes the voltage signal supplies by the microcontroller instead of the circuit under test.
The instrument is versatile and can be used in various industrial applications.
The ELECTRIC WATER PUMP OPERATOR is an interesting project design which helps the student to understand how electronic components can be put to use in order to achieve a Automatic system, it also helps the student to understands how water conservation can be achieved using automatic system , it is strongly recommend that this project should be taught in class so that our future successors can benefit maximally and also appreciate the advantage of Automatic Water Pump over Manual Water Pump system.
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