The Construction Of Automatic Water Pump Operator
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We dedicate this project report to God almighty for his infinite mercies upon us and our beloved families.
We sincerely acknowledge the Almighty God for his inexpressible gift and grace upon our lives. To our dearest and beloved families we owe millions of thanks for their support and encouragement towards our academics.
We acknowledge the Rector of this school, the Dean School of Engineering, the H.O.D Elect/Elect Engr and our lecturers for their unrelenting effort in our technological development.
Our profound gratitude also goes to our supervisor Engr I.N Onyeje I.N for his immense contribution and proper supervision of this project and also to the project coordinator of this project.
Finally, we are grateful to the typist, course mates, friends and benefactors for their efforts, advices and financial support towards the success of this project.
The development of Automatic Water Pump Operator as a device that monitors and controls the level of water in the tanks (Low and High level of reservoir) has helped not only in the provision of water supply for human life where it is installed ,it is also a useful device that keeps the environment clean since it does not allow water spillage over it environment.
The introduction of Automatic Water Pump Operator has a huge advantages over a manual Water Pump System , in the sense that it reduces losses thereby increasing the efficiency in days output of industries that depends on water for their production, it help to curb the overflowing of water which is one of the problem off manual operated system.
This device helps to control the water pump motor by switching it on automatically when the water goes beyond the lower limit and off when it reaches.
Table Of Contents
- Title page
- Certification page
- Table of contents
- 1.0 Introduction
- 2.0 Literature review
- Components used
- 3.0 Resistors
- 3.1 Diode
- 3.2 Bridge rectifier
- 3.3 Capacitor
- 3.4 Relay
- 3.4 Crystal oscillator
- 3.5 Voltage regulator
- 3.6 Transformer
- 3.7 Microcontroller
- 3.8 Programming the peripherial interphase controller
- 3.9 ROM instruction memory
- 3.10 RAM memory
- 3.11 Construction/operation
- 4.12 Circuit diagram of automatic water pump operator
- 3.13 Block diagram of automatic water pump operator
- 3.14 Programming the microcontroller
- 3.15 Procedure for programming device
- 3.16 Problem encountered
- 4.0 Test and result
- 4.1 Test
- 4.2 Results
- 5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation
- 5.1 Conclusion
- 5.2 Recommendation
Automatic water pump operator is a device which automates the ON or OFF and other controlling mechanisms of the water pumps which are used in many industries and houses. This device correctly calculates the exact moment to turn NO or OFF the water pump base on the water level in the storage tanks. As a result there is no chance for the pumps to get burned and there is no wastage of water which was the basic problem in the manual water pump system. Automatic water pump operator is used to control the water pump motor.
The motor gets automatically switched on when water in the over head tank (OHT) falls below the lower limit similarly it gets switched off when the tank is filled up. Built around only an AND gate I. this circuit is simple, compact and economical. It uses a 12V DC power supply and consumes very little power. The circuit can be divided into two parts controller circuit and indicator circuit. The controller circuit is one which is use for the purpose of controlling the water pump action. When the water level reaches a maximum level the motor turns off and when the water level goes below the minimum level the motor turns on automatically.
This circuits consists of a NAND gate IC, transistors, relays with specification 12V, 200 OHM IC/o, diodes, the indicator circuit is one which is use to indicate the level of water inside the tank depending upon the number of LEDs that glow we can determine the water level in the tank. This device is very much useful to curb the over flow of water in overhead tanks which in turns favors conservation of water. With further advancement, it can be use to check the level of water in dams.
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How to nail it on the head during your project defence
You are through with writing that project. Now what?
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Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:
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Use, Your Gestures:
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Make Sure You Know Your Work:
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Prepare For The Questions:
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The structure of a good project work
Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.
A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are
The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.
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2. Literature review
Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.
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