Construction Of Aluminum / Glass Window
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I dedicate this project to the Almighty God who have being so faithful to me in my academic endeavors.
I equally dedicate this report to my beloved parents (Mazi Na Oriaku Patrick Ndubuisi Kanu); Mr. Chidi Ndubuisi, my uncles, Aunties, Mrs Philomena, Chidimma, Ngozi Ochiabuto, my beloved sisters and all the members of our great family.
To all, I am grateful.
I bow my knees before the Most High God, the Author, the Omniscient Spirit and Dispenser of all knowledge and wisdom. May His Holy name be glorified.
I wish to acknowledge my indebtedness to all the people who have in one way or the other contributed to the successful completion of this work and to my wellbeing throughout my stay in school.
My immense gratitude goes to my Project Supervisor (Mr. Ekong Akan) for his untiring efforts towards directing and correcting me during the course of constructing and writing of this project report.
I want to put on record the efforts of my Head of Department (Engr. Anyanwu Stanley C.) and all the lecturers in Civil Engineering department for their impact and efforts.
I will continually appreciate the efforts of all my family members, friends, roommates (James, Feepe S.B) and course mates for their prayers, support and encouragements.
To all, I am deeply indebted.
This project work on the construction of Aluminium/Glass Window provides a general knowledge of how to construct an Aluminium/Glass window and also talk more about Aluminium and Glass window in general. Window is a super structural member constructed to allow the passage of light, air and sound when it is not closed. In this project report, the components of the Aluminium and Glass window, functions of a window, properties of Aluminium and Glass, parts of the window and their functions, classification, characteristics of Aluminium and Glass, the equipment and tools used in the construction of Aluminium/Glass window were stated and explained.
Table Of Contents
- Title page i
- Certification ii
- Approval page iii
- Dedication iv
- Acknowledgement v
- Abstract vi
- Table of contents vii
- 1.1 Aims and objectives of the study
- 1.2 Scope of the study
- 1.3 Limitations of the study
- 2.0 Literature Review 4
- 2.1 Historical Development of Aluminium/Glass window
- 2.2 Definition of Aluminium/glass window
- 2.3 Types of window
- 2.4 Definition of Aluminium
- 2.5 Properties of Aluminium
- 2.6 Classification of Aluminium
- 2.7 Definition of glass
- 2.8 Types of glass
- 2.9 Properties of glass
- 2.10 Importance of glass
- 2.11 Types of processed glass
- 2.12 Classification of glass
- 2.13 Aluminium and glass as construction materials
- 2.14 Characteristics of Aluminium and glass
- 2.15 Functions of a window
- 2.16 Parts of the window and their functions
3.0 Methodology 27
- 3.1 Materials and Equipment used in the construction
- 3.2 Preparation of the Materials Used in the Construction
- 3.3 Assembling of the Materials
- 3.4 Joining and fastening of the materials
- 3.5 Fixing of the glass
- 3.6 Safety precautions taken in the construction of Aluminium/glass window
- 4.0 Results and Discussion
- 4.1 Results and presentation
- 4.2 Care and maintenance of Aluminium/glass Window
- 5.0 Conclusion/Summary
- 5.1 Recommendations
- 5.2 References
Building comprises of different super-structural components/elements such as window, column, beam, roof etc.
Windows provide heat and sound insulation to the building especially when they are closed. In addition of providing excellent task of passage of light, windows are usually made out of float glass or different polymer materials.
The material to be used in window depends on the requirement and performances of people and the geographical conditions of the area.
1.1 Definition Of Window
Generally, a window is a transparent or translucent opening in a wall or door that allows the passage of light; it also allows the passage of air and sound when it is not closed or sealed.
Aluminium/Glass window is a variety of window constructed by using Aluminium and glass as the construction materials. In this type of window, the frame parts are usually constructed with Aluminium materials/profiles while the other parts of the window are made up of glass materials.
Windows are held in place by frames, which prevent them from collapsing in.
1.2 Aims And Objectives Of The Study
The main aim of this project is to construct a standard Aluminium/Glass window which will provide the functional requirements of a window in a building.
Other objective is to know and understand the laid down procedures for the proper construction of Aluminium/Glass window.
It also entails the materials and methods used in the construction of Aluminium/Glass window.
1.3 Scope Of The Study
This project is limited to the construction of a casement sliding window with material requirement as Aluminium, Glass, casement/glazing rubber, window roller, screws, key and high skill of construction.
1.4 Limitations Of The Study
In the course of carrying out this project work, we encountered some constraints. Some of the constraints are:
This project work was done alongside with other academic works; hence the number of hours that would have been used in our construction was greatly shared with other academic works.
We were also constrained in terms of finance due to high cost of Aluminium and Glass materials used in the construction of Aluminium/Glass window. We were equally constrained in the transportation fare to convey the construction materials from market to school.
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How to nail it on the head during your project defence
You are through with writing that project. Now what?
You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.
- How am I going to start?
- I hope I will do well enough to get an A.
You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.
I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.
Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.
Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:
Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.
Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:
Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.
Speak With Authority:
Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.
Use, Your Gestures:
I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.
Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:
Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.
Make Sure You Know Your Work:
Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.
Prepare For The Questions:
Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.
These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.