Concept Of Good Government

Project and Seminar Material for Philosophy

Concept Of Good Government


Abstract


Albert Einstein, in a letter to a Rumanian friend Maurice Solvine from Princeton U.S.A. Nike Air Max 2017 Heren Goedkoop on April 10, 1938, says: “A fashion rule each age, without most people being able to see the tyrants that rule them” Although man as Aristotle opines is a political animal who desires and longs to live in a community with his species, he is the best of all the animals that rule and guided by laws. Nike Darwin Goedkoop In the same vein, man could be the worst of all animals when there is anarchy.

Nike Air Max 90 Mid NO SEW Dame It is in the light of this that Aristotle opts for a government that would be beneficial to the people. Nike Free Run 3 Goedkoop The researcher would make an attempt to explain what a good government is, according to Aristotle, and also analyze them in the light of the Nigerian situation. Nike Air Max 90 JCRD Dame The question: Who should rule? For what purpose? And what is the best form of government are fundamental questions in Aristotle’s concept of good government that this thesis intends to answer.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Good government, according to the World Bank Report (2010) is the exercise of political power in the management of a nation’s affairs. This definition thus implies that governance encompasses the state’s institutional and structural arrangements, decision-making processes and implementation capacity, and relationship between the governing apparatus and the governed-that is the people in terms of their standard of living.Odock (2011) in his analysis sees good governance as “a system of government based on good leadership, respect for the rule of law and due process, the accountability of the political leadership to the electorate as well as transparency in the operations of government”. Transparency, Odock opined that it has to do with the leadership carrying out government business in an open, easy to understand and explicit manner, such that the rules made by government, the policies implemented by the government and the results of government activities are easy to verify to the ordinary citizens.

Accountability as a component of good governance refers to the fact that those who occupy positions of leadership in the government must give account or subject themselves to the will and desire of the society and people they lead. Unfortunately, this is lacking in the public domain in Nigeria. Governance typically emphasizes leadership which suggests the way political leaders meaning the apparatus of the state, use or misuse power, to promote social and economic development or to engage in those agendas that largely undermine the realization of the good things of life for the people. Good governance is in tandem with democratic governance which is largely characterized by high valued principles such as rule of law, accountability, participation, transparency, human and civil rights. These governance qualities have the capacity to provide the development process of a country.Onifade (2011) has posed a critical question as to whether it’s possible to have good governance without good leadership. Our understanding of reality points to the fact that the former is logically derived from the latter because where there is effective and efficient leadership, there is bound to be good governance. Achebe (1983) had argued convincingly in his seminal book, ‘The Trouble with Nigeria’, that the failure of leadership to rise to its responsibility, to the challenges of personal exemplary life clearly shows why the nation has the problem of true leadership. It is exemplary leadership that can uplift the people, better the lives of the citizenry and see that the people as much as possible enjoy the public resources without ado as is the case in most advanced democracies such as the United States, Canada, Switzerland and some upcoming developing nations such as Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan and Korea, theoretical explanations have been advanced by such scholars Migdal (1988), Zartman (1995) about the fact that in the absence of governance, a nation may experience state collapse or failure. This has been the lot of most African countries including Nigeria where lead governance has held sway. A state ideally is meant to be an organization, composed of several agencies led and coordinated by the state leadership (executive authority) which has capacity and authority to make and implement the finding rules for all the people and applying force if necessary to have its way.Zartman (1995) specifically notes that the status of a state is reviewed as failed or collapsed when it exhibits inability to fulfill the functions of a state such as the sovereign authority, decision-making institution and security guarantor for its population. This can lead to structure, authority (legitimate power), law and political order falling apart.On the other hand, conflict has become an evitable phenomenon in human existence. As long as there are social relationships between individuals and groups in the society, conflict will persist. Although, conflict often initiates change in society, its violent form is negative and reverses societal progress, promoting poverty and anarchy. There is n o doubt that violent conflict has wreaked havoc on our communal and national social fabrics since 1999, in particular, when electoral democracy was enthroned in Nigeria. Compounding the problem of underdevelopment in Nigeria is micro nationalism, ethnic, religious and communal conflicts which pose great threat to peace, security and progress. The crises had closed the doors of friendship, interaction and rapport among the various ethnic groups in the nation. Therefore, attempts at promoting peaceful co-existence among the various identities that exists in the nation becomes contradictory if not elusive as various ethnic, religious, political, economic and social catastrophe keep one reoccurring in the polity. This has compounded the situation of insecurity in Nigeria’s fragile federal system which, over the years, has experienced ethnic, religious and political crises of monumental proportions. The most devastating amongst these have been communal conflicts in all parts of the country. The frequent occurrence of conflict in Nigeria in recent times is a threat not only to democracy but also to the corporate existence of the country as a political entity. Since good governance is an essential ingredient in the promotion of peaceful coexistence in the society given its indispensable elements of rule of law, human right protection, free and fair election, accountability, independent court of law as well as creating the right environment for socio-economic development (AbdulMaleek 2011).Therefore, this work seeks to evaluate good governance.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Governance, can be said to be the process of decision making and the process by which decisions are implemented or not implemented. However, when it comes to good governance It is participatory, consensus oriented, accountable, transparent, responsive, effective and efficient, equitable and inclusive and follows the rule of law. It assures that corruption is minimized, the views of minorities are taken into account and that the voices of the most vulnerable in society are heard in decision making. It is also responsive to the present and future needs of society. Hence, the need for good governance in conflict management


1.3 Objective of the Study

The general objective of the study is to examine good government as it pertains to the running of a nation. The specific objective is as follows:

  1. To examine what good government is all about.
  2. To find out the benefit of a good government.
  3. To investigate the challenges of good government.
  4. To assess how good government can be improved upon.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions have been prepared for the study:

  1. To examine what good government is all about.
  2. To find out the benefit of a good government.
  3. To investigate the challenges of good government.
  4. To assess how good government can be improved upon.

1.5 Significance of the Study

The significance of this study cannot be underestimated as:

This study will be significant to the government as it will examine how good government will improve the social, economic, and improve political stability of the country, the study will also expose the challenges government face in carrying out a good governance on the populace of a country.

The findings of this research work will be significant to the academic community as it will contribute to the existing literature.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study will examine what good government is all about. The study will also find out the benefit of a good government. The study will further investigate the challenges of good government. Lastly, the study will assess how good government can be improved upon.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, and interview), which is why the researcher resorted to a moderate choice of sample size. More so, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was on the concept of good government using residents of Lagos as a case study.The study specifically was aimed at highlighting what good government is all about, find out the benefit of a good government, investigate the challenges of good government and assess how good government can be improved upon. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from resident of Lagos State.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. Good government is all about participation, responsiveness and equity and Inclusiveness.
  2. The benefit of a good government is improve the performance of your business, help it become more stable and productive,and unlock new opportunities.
  3. The challenges of good government are violations of human rights, low public and accountability and barriers to accessing information.
  4. Good government can be improved upon by appointing competent board members, evaluate Board Performance and increase diversity.

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

That persons elected either into the office of the president, governorship or local government chairman and any other post one needs to be elected into by the majority should adhere to the principle of government and make policies that will lessen the burden of the populace


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