Design And Implementation Of Computerized Land Information System For Ministry Of Land And Urban Development Enugu (Case Study Of Ministry Of Land And Housing Enugu)

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering


Abstract


Land is a free gift of nature and a factor of production, land tenure is the name given, particularly in common law systems, to the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual, due to the fact that Keeping record of lands and their owners has been a great task to government and the governed, access to land information proves difficult that most times people are defrauded due to lack of land information, illegal sales of lands without the consent of the owner are very common etc. This work ‘Computerized Land information system’ is designed to help keep record of land which includes: the size of the land, Location of the land, the type of houses to be built on such lands, the owners of purchased Lands and so on. Therefore this, software is developed to keep record of land information system. As such making it easy to keep detail information on land size, location, ownership and type of house to be built on the land and also easy accessibility of stored records, hence the record in this software will be stored in a database. I recommend that the ministry of Land and Housing Enugu sees and embraces this work for convenient and efficient way to keep information of land. This application has been developed to run on visual basic 6.0 environment.


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Land use, land valuation, is among the oldest questions in economic theory, (Shavell, 2004). Land is an essential input (factor of production) for agriculture, and agriculture is by far the most important economic activity in preindustrial societies. With the advent of industrialization, important new uses for land emerge, as sites for factories, warehouses, offices, and urban agglomerations. Also, the value of real property taking the form of man-made structures and machinery increases relative to the value of land alone. The concept of real property eventually comes to encompass effectively all forms of tangible fixed capital. With the rise of extractive industries, real property comes to encompass natural capital. With the rise of tourism and leisure, real property comes to include scenic and other amenity values.

Starting in the 1960s, as part of the emerging field of law and economics, economists and legal scholars began to study the property rights enjoyed by tenants under the various estates, and the economic benefits and costs of the various estates, (Epstein,2007). This resulted in a much improved understanding of the property rights enjoyed by tenants under the various estates. These include the right to:

  1. Decide how a piece of real property is used;
  2. Exclude others from enjoying the property;
  3. Transfer (alienate) some or all of these rights to others on mutually agreeable terms;
  4. Nature and consequences of transaction costs when changing and transferring estates.

1.1 Statement Of The Problem

  1. Keeping record of lands and their owners has been a great task to government and the governed.
  2. Access to land information proves difficult that most times people are defrauded due to lack of land information.
  3. Illegal sales of lands without the consent of the owner are very common.
  4. Certificate of occupancy is usually a problem. Litigation which results to death and destruction
  5. Valuation of land for the purpose of paying tax to government is not achieved. Hence the need for computerization of land information system.

1.2 Objectives Of The Study

The objective of this study is to develop a software that will keep information on:

  1. Land size, Land location, Land owners, Land use information.
  2. To facilitate the preparation of certificate of occupancy.
  3. To assist the prospective buyers to ascertain the ownership and availability of the property.
  4. To enhance preparation of lease.
  5. To forestall land speculation, with its attendant violence, destruction of lives and property.
  6. To promote land information security.

1.3 Purpose Of The Study

The purpose of this work is to make land information accessible to both government and individuals who may like to acquire land property.


1.4 Significance Of The Study

The project work will help in a good number of ways to make land information available to users. The software developed can:

  1. Keep a database of all the lands in the state
  2. Enable retrieval of land information
  3. Guide buyers on how to buy and who to meet
  4. Educate buyers on the type of house to build in an area for proper town planning.

1.5 Scope Of The Study

This research work is limited to land information storage and retrieval using ministry of land and housing Enugu as a case study. The software developed will be carried out using Visual Basic to manage the database.


1.6 Constraints And Limitations

Due to technical difficulties, limited access to confidential data, the information gathered was limited to house acquisition, usage and property ownership laws. All aspects left out were due to time and also confidentiality of some property documents.


1.7 Definition Of Terms

Databases

A systematically arranged collection of computer data, structured so that it can be automatically retrieved or manipulated. It is also called databank.

Fee tail

Under common law, this is hereditary, non-transferable ownership of real property.

Feudal land ownership

A system of mutual obligations under which a royal or noble personage granted a fiefdom

Life Estate

Under common law, this is an interest in real property that ends at death.

Leasehold or rental

Under both common law and civil law, land may be leased or rented by its owner to another party; a wide range of arrangements are possible, ranging from very short terms to the 99-year leases, allowing various degrees of freedom in the use of the property.

Property

Is any physical or intangible entity that is owned by a person or jointly by a group of persons.


Chapter Five


Summary, Recommendations And Conclusion

5.1 Summary

The doctrine of land ownership has much importance today; its influence still lingers in some areas. The concepts of landlord and tenant have been recycled to refer to the modern relationship of the parties to land which is held under a lease. It has been pointed out by Professor F.H. Lawson in Introduction to the Laws of Property (1958), however, that the landlord-tenant relationship never really fitted into the feudal system and was rather an “alien commercial element”.

The doctrine of tenure did not apply to personality (personal property). However, the relationship of bailment in the case of chattels closely resembles the landlord-tenant relationship that can be created in land. So, much emphasis has been laid on the need for a proper documentation of land owners information to enable the public and government access land information at any time.


5.2 Recommendation

The research project has elaborated much on the use and need for a computerized land information system. Much work is still needed as the ministry of land and housing Enugu has to make provisions for the implementation of the software developed, organize staff training, and establish maintenance services on the software.


5.3 Conclusion

Real property and personal property are the main classifications of property in the common law. Real property refers to land and the improvements made by human efforts—buildings, machinery, the acquisition of various property rights, and the like. Real property is also termed realty, real estate, and immovable property.

In countries with personal ownership of real property, civil law protects the status in realty markets, where realtors work in realty selling real estate. Scottish civil law calls it heritable property, and in France it is said to be immobiliser.

To be of any value a claim to any property must be accompanied by a verifiable and legal property description. Such a description could make use of natural boundaries such as river and roads, or make use of purpose made markers such as cairns, posts, survey marks, etc.

So the land information system contains details on the land size, location, ownership and land use.


Design And Implementation Of Computerized Land Information System For Ministry Of Land And Urban Development Enugu (Case Study Of Ministry Of Land And Housing Enugu)


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