Comparison Of Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Technical Education In External Examinations (2003 – 2007)

Project and Seminar Material for Vocational Education

Comparison Of Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Technical Education In External Examinations (2003 – 2007)


Comparison of academic performance the research investigated the comparison of academic performances of junior Science in External Examinations from 2003- 2007. This study is a survey research design. It is a research conducted on a large number of people to identify general opinion. The study was carried out in Enugu North Local Government Area. The area belongs to Enugu Educational Zone. The population of the study consist of all the students and teachers in junior secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State. The population of the students are 20, 470 while that of teachers are 4, 300. We used four junior secondary schools as our sample out of the junior secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State.

Random sampling techniques were used to select ten (10) students from each of the schools used in the table listed above to ensure that the relevant features of the population were adequately represented. Five (5) staff (teachers) from each of the schools were also sampled. The instrument used was a questionnaire design to elicit responses on the items in questions. The researchers used the four like scale of strongly agreed (SA), Agreed (A) Disagreed (D) and strongly |Disagreed (SD). The respondents are required to tick against the column that best describes their views in each item. The questionnaire will be distributed to ten (10) students from each schools and five (5) teachers from each schools and will also be collected through item. The researchers’ used mean to analyze and interpret the data. Interpretation of the data was based on the following scores interval:comparison of academic performance.

Chapter One


1.1 Background Of The Study

Comparison of academic performance measuring of academic performance of student is challenging since student performance is the product of socio-economic, psychological and environmental factors. Education ought to be growing as a profitable industry with prime objective of maximizing profit by delivering high quality education that produces well educated, skilled mannered students according to needs and requirements of the dynamically growing market. There are two groups of students as generally perceived, that is those who improve and those who don’t improve. Students performance is also affected by different factors such as learning abilities because new paradigm about learning assumes that all students can and should learn at higher levels but it should not be considered as constraint because there are other factors like race, gender, sex that can affect students performance Hansen (2000).

Mishae (2001) explained the effect of age, qualification and distance from learning. Place on the students performance in his explanation concerns the readiness in doing a particular discipline in the school; for instance, a student that is not capable of doing sciences in the secondary school joins sciences because his/her friends are offering the subjects.Winston et al (2002) added that the academic performance of student is also coined in the students impatience (this time discount behavior). Yuonne (1998) further elaborated that students academic performance is very much dependent on SEB (socio-economic background) as per his statement, secondary school students performance is with statically significant differences. Alexander (2001) explained that some of the practice adopted by secondary school administration can also influence their academic performance, such practices like organized study group, debate club, media and culture clubs etc.comparison of academic performance

According to Bello Lawel, an Abuja based educationist a member of the All Nigeria committee of Principals of secondary school (ANCOPSS). The truth is that the reading culture in Nigeria is generally poor. To make it worse, these days, most of our students hardly read. Instead they waste their precious time watching televisions or films, listening to music, playing to music, playing video/computer games.comparison of academic performance

Another educationist Mohammed (2009) attributed the dismal performance on the external examinations to the lackadaisical attitude of the government and its refusal to adequately fund the education sector. According to him, on several occasions we clamored for improved budgeting allocation to the education sector but all these have fallen on deaf ears. For instance, UNESCO recommends that 26 percent of any country’s budget should be allocated to the education sector but instead what do we have in Nigeria.

Government paying lip service to the education sector. Other countries who understand the importance of education have taken proactive steps to adequately fund their education sector. For instance, Ghana has allocated 29 percent to its budget education sector, even far more than the UNESCO recommendation. The same thing with countries like South Africa and Botswana who allocated 35 and 37 percent respectively to the education sector. So until these things are implemented we would continue to morty age the future of our children.comparison of academic performance

1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Secondary school students performances in external examinations has been a nagging issues in Nigeria generally and particularly in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State.

Language is a medium of institution. For teaching and learning to take place effectively, there must be adequate communication between the learner and the teacher. In Nigeria Business Education is a “Lingua Franka”. Except in vernacular, it is used in communicating the learner in all Nigeria schools. The importance of Business education can hardly be overemphasized. That is why it appears almost everyday in the school time table.

Unfortunately, a cursory look at the performance of students in English language in particular computer and integrated science in external examination in Eungu North Local Government Area is nothing to write home about. Since computer and integrated science are relatively new in development of science and technology, the researchers would want to find out why there is an always recorded low performance in Business Education from 2003 -2007 on case study.

Secondly, what facilities are available in teaching and learning of the three subjects in Junior secondary school certificate examination in Enugu Local Government Area.comparison of academic performance

1.3 Purpose Of The Study

Based on the background and the problem of this study, the main purpose underlying the project is to compare the academic performances of the junior secondary school students in Business Education in external Examinations from 2003-2007. (A case study of Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State) specifically, the purpose of the study tends to find out:

  1. Why there is poor performance of students in external examinations
  2. How students perform in external examinations
  3. How students perform in Business Education in External Examination and when compared, which one among the listed did perform better than others.

1.4 Significance Of The Study

The usefulness of the research work in educational system cannot be over emphasized if the result of the study is properly utilized. It is going to be a benefit to the students, teachers, parents and government. This would help to provide some information for curriculum designers and classroom teachers in order to utilize relevant approaches to enhance meaningful learning and teaching of Business Education,Business Education students. Thus, the knowledge of students’ cognitive style and attitude would be very useful in both academic and career enhancement.comparison of academic performance

1.5 Scope Of The Study

The study was based on the junior secondary school students performance in external examinations in Business Education in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State. This specifically covers the following junior secondary schools;

  1. New Layout Secondary school
  2. Days Secondary School Independent Layout
  3. Government secondary school Enugu
  4. Coal Camp Secondary School, Enugu

The schools mentioned above are used in this research work for better coverage and easy assessment.

1.6 Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study. These questions are:-

  1. What are the causes of poor performance of students in external examinations?
  2. In what ways can the performance of students in external examination be improved?
  3. How does students perform in external examination in Business education and which of the three subjects did they perform better on?

1.7 Limitation Of The Study

For a proper project research to be carried out effectively, there should be some limitations along the line, these limitations includes:

Time Constraint:

This is the time consumed by students carryout a particular project research topic.

First and foremost, for a student achieve his or her goals on a project research, there should be an effective plans on how the materials needed can be gotten.

And this will be actualize by proper research which might involve moving from one place to another in search of these materials. By so doing time is consumed.

On the other hand, some students in a particular group may be giving excuses that the time fixed is not suitable for them, some may complain that they usually do their domestic work for their parent during the project research exercise, which may demand all attentions.comparison of academic performance

In order to balance the equation they should be proper plans on time management.


This involves that money needed for the project to be carried out in a situation whereby the money needed becomes high, some students in a group will be affect and this may hinder their chances of participating and finally terminates their work since nothing good comes easy without money.comparison of academic performance

Difficulty Experiences:

This is the experience we encounter from our group. Since every body has his/her own personal character couple with individual schedule for daily activity, thing can never be done at the same time. Therefore, the time schedule for a particular group to carryout their project research varies.

Insincerity of responding to questionnaire items: this is the inability of the supervisor did not explain properly the most essential things needed and how he wants the project to be done. The project writer may find it difficult to cope.comparison of academic performance.

Project Material Download

3,000 Naira

The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…

Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

  • 0811003731, Access Bank, Samphina Academy

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card


Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)

Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | 08143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Comparison Of Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Technical Education In External Examinations (2003 – 2007)

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | Terms and Conditions Apply

You may also like:

⚠️ Not what you are looking for? Perform a quick search

Follow us on Facebook                       Contact Our Help Desk

Follow us on Facebook

 Contact Our Help Desk

Comparison Of Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Technical Education In External Examinations (2003 – 2007)


This research material “Comparison Of Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Technical Education In External Examinations (2003 – 2007)” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”. is only providing this material “Comparison Of Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Technical Education In External Examinations (2003 – 2007)” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

How to defend your research work

This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Comparison Of Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Technical Education In External Examinations (2003 – 2007)“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Comparison Of Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Technical Education In External Examinations (2003 – 2007)” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resources Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.