Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School

Project and Seminar Material for Home Economics

Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School


Abstract


This study examines the impact of the qualification of home economics teachers on the performance of secondary school students in West African Senior/Junior Secondary Certificate Examinations using some selected schools in study area, Nigeria as a case study. The primary source of data collected was mainly the use of a structured questionnaire which was designed to elicit information on a comparative study of academic performance of home economics students in junior secondary school. Data collected will be analyzed using frequency table, percentage and mean score analysis while the nonparametric statistical test (Chi-square) was used to test the formulated hypothesis using SPSS (statistical package for social sciences). It is hoped that this study will help the government in guiding and guarding them at all levels and ministries of education, in recruiting good and qualified teachers in their areas of specialization to teach effectively and impart knowledge needed by students to excel in their studies. Therefore, there is the need to improve the essential skills of Home Economics teachers and this, should be done through in-service courses workshops and seminars.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Home Economics is one of the compulsory prevocational subjects taught at the Secondary Education level in Nigeria educational system. According to Anyakoha (2007), Home Economics is a skill-oriented field of study that is expected to equip learners with survival skills that make for self-reliance, employment and paid employment. Occupational skills are best understood as competency on resourceful skills capable of steering an individual to be self-reliant, independent and productive in meeting lives challenges. Creese, A. (1976) said occupational skills are life survival skills which an individual needs to function effectively and face the challenges of life. Occupational skills in Home Economics include food and nutrition skills, home management skills and clothing and textile skills. By teaching occupational skills Home Economics Education Program enables an individual to learn, explore and prepare for a job or trade. Thus, Home Economics could play a significant role in achieving the goals of the National Economic and Development strategy (NEEDS). These goals include wealth creation, employment generation, reduction of poverty, elimination of corruption and the general reorientation of values.

The fundamental basis for economic and social well-being of a country lies in the understanding by its people the basic home and technological knowledge.  There are number of different forces that have led to strong concern about the low quality of home economics knowledge, skills, values and performance among students over the years. Secondary school education is regarded as the foundation towards higher knowledge in tertiary institutions. It is an investment as well as an instrument used for achieving economic, social, political technological and scientific development in the country. However, people at times blame the students on their negative performance in secondary school their low retention, parental factors and poor attitudes toward learning. Aremu&Oluwole(2001) believed that the falling level of academic achievement is attributable to teacher own use at verbal reinforcement strategy. Others found out that the attitude of some teachers to their job has a significant impact in their poor attendance to lessons and lateness to school which can negatively affect the students’ performance.

The differential scholastic achievement of students in Nigeria has been and is still a source of concern and research interest to educators, government and parents. This is as a result of the great values that education has on the development of such country. It is crystal clear to everyone in the country that the standard of our educational system has considerably fallen. Parents are of the opinion that their huge investment on the education of their children is not producing the desired result. Teachers as well are concerned about the fall in their students’ academic performances at both internal and external examinations. The annual releases of Senior Secondary Certificate Examination results (SSCE) conducted by West African Examination Council (WAEC) justified the problematic nature and generalization of poor secondary school students’ performance in different school subjects.

Poor academic performance has been observed in school subjects especially in home economics among secondary school students. Academic failure is not is a concern for both the students and the parents, because it directly or indirectly affects our economic and political growth in one way or the other. This is due to the fact it is viewed as an investment as well as an instrument used in achieving an economic, social, political, technological, scientific and cultural development in the country. The National Policy on Education (2004) stipulated that secondary education is an instrument for national development that fosters the worth and development of the individual for further education and development of the society in general and also the equality of educational opportunities to all Nigerian children, irrespective of any real or marginal disabilities. The role of secondary education is to lay the foundation for further education and if a good foundation is laid at this level, there are likely to be no problem at subsequent levels.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

One of the factors responsible for poor performance of Nigerian students of schools in study area, Nigeria, in home economics is the high standards maintained by WAEC with unqualified home economics teachers teaching the subject. This is because the junior WAEC which is of international standards will never lower their standard because Nigeria has not enough hands or qualified teachers to train its students.
Another one is that the numbers of teachers are not equal to that of the students’ population effective teaching then becomes a problem.

The decline in the numbers of candidates ready to pursue the studies in home economics in secondary schools has become a matter of considerable societal concern not only in Calabar, Cross River State but in Nigeria as a whole. Consequently, the promotion of favourable attitudes towards science and learning of home economics is extremely critical and important. However, the concept of poor performance in home economics is not well defined, often poorly expressed and not well understood. This study examines the impact of the qualification of home economics teachers on the performance of secondary school students in West African Senior/Junior Secondary Certificate Examinations using some selected schools in study area, Nigeria as a case study.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The objective of the study a comparative study of academic performance of home economics students in junior secondary school and the specific objective are to:

  1. Assess out the impacts of the qualification of home economics teachers on the performance of junior school students.
  2. Establish the perception of students towards the qualification of their home economics teachers on their academic performance.
  3. Investigate the attitudes of the home economics teachers on students’ academic performance.

1.4 Research Questions

These are some of the questions the study is designed to answer:

  1. What is the comparative study of academic performance of home economics students in junior secondary school?
  2. What are the impacts of the qualification of home economics teachers on the performance of junior secondary school students?
  3. What is the perception of students towards the qualification of their home economics teachers on their academic performance?
  4. What are the attitudes of the home economics teachers on students’ academic performance?

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study will benefit the government in guiding and guarding them at all levels and ministries of education, in recruiting good and qualified teachers in their areas of specialization to teach effectively and impart knowledge needed by students to excel in their studies. It is hoped that this study will help in improving the whole system in such a way as to induce better performance in home economics examination at the secondary school level.


1.6 Scope of the Study

The study investigates a comparative study of academic performance of home economics students in junior secondary school. It therefore covers four selected junior school students in the study area.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

The demanding schedule of respondents at work made it very difficult getting the respondents to participate in the survey. As a result, retrieving copies of questionnaire in timely fashion was very challenging. Also, the researcher is a student and therefore has limited time as well as resources in covering extensive literature available in conducting this research. Information provided by the researcher may not hold true for all businesses or organizations but is restricted to the selected organization used as a study in this research especially in the locality where this study is being conducted. Finally, the researcher is restricted only to the evidence provided by the participants in the research and therefore cannot determine the reliability and accuracy of the information provided.

  • Financial constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
  • Time constraint: The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.9 Definitions of Terms

The following terms were used in the course of this study:

Academic Performance:

Scores attained in form one end of year examination.

Home Economics:

Field of study that deals with the economics and management of the home and community. It deals with the relationship between individuals, families, communities, and the environment in which they live.

Junior Secondary School:

Is the next step up from primary school.


Chapter Five


Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

This study investigates a comparative study of academic performance of home economics students in junior secondary school. Therefore, there is the need to improve the essential skills of Home Economics teachers and this, should be done through in-service courses workshops and seminars. They require these essential skills so as to move the students towards the achievement of the aim to best system of education.


5.2 Recommendations

Based on the findings, the following were recommended:

  1. Workshops, seminars and in service training should be provided for the junior school Home Economics teachers.
  2. Only qualified and professional home economics teachers should be employed to teach the subject.
  3. There should be regular supervision of Home Economics teachers to ensure that the essential skills are utilized.
  4. Home Economics education in junior schools should be adequately funded by the government.

Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 120 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.