Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School

Project and Seminar Material for Home Economics

Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School


Abstract


This study focuses on the comparison study of academic performance of Home economics students in junior secondary school in Asaba Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. As a descriptive research, the study population comprised 250 samples (50 samples from each school) from five selected secondary schools in Asaba Local Government Area. Stratified random sampling technique was employed in carrying out this study. The instrument used to collect data for the study was an inventory while the data collected was analyzed using percentages, chi-square statistic and chi-square.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Academic performance has been described as the scores attainedby students at a given moment. This scholastic standing could be explained in terms of the grades obtained in a course or groups of courses (Daniels and Schoulen, 1970). Simkins (1981) commented on this scores attained and argued that performance is a measure of output and that the main outputs in education are expressed in terms of learning, that is, changes in knowledge, skills and attitudes of individuals as a result of their experiences within the school’s system. Noting this point, Al-Shorayye (1995) regarded a student’s performance in an examination as being depended on his cumulative grade point average. His argument supported Entwistle and’ Wilson’s (1977) assertion that a student’s success is largely judged by his/her performance in examinationand the best criterion of performance is the total of the student’s academic performance in all the subjects offered.

School certificate examinations, which determine the placement of Nigerian students in higher learning and/or employment, are of particular concern.. The public disparages the falling or fallen standard of education as evidenced by the lack of skills and personal integrity of many school leavers (Udor & Ubahakwe, 1979; Ololube, 2008b). Not surprisingly, the evaluation agencies that conduct the examinations are held liable by both universities/colleges and the public for education’s diminishing returns.

There are many factors that affecting the performance of students in education attainment and this is what has prompted the current study. In spite of the complex factors influencing students’ achievement, various studies are pointing to the evidence that institutional factors are associated with academic performance not only in home economics alone but also in other subjects. Home economics is a subject needed by every person irrespective of their profession. For anyone to be more productive, self-reliant, self-independent and self-employed, the knowledge of home economics is important. Home Economics education, which is one of the arms of vocational and technical education, is a multi-disciplinary subject that embraces a very large area and draws from other disciplines such as arts and sciences in solving physical, social, economic and political problems of families, individuals and society (Suara and Dairo 1997). It is therefore, a very comprehensive and all embracing discipline whose contribution to humanity and politics are unquantifiable.

The pattern of grading students in the JuniorSecondary Certificate (JSC) and the Senior SecondaryCertificate (SSC) examinations in Nigeria is such that thedistinction grade is being represented by A1 to B3. Thecredit grade is represented by C4 to C6. The ordinary passgrade is represented by D7 and E8 while the failure grade is represented by F9. The academic performances of students in home economics are usually due to related factors such as negative attitude of students towards home economics as a difficult subject, students’ academic aptitude, past and present academic performances, insufficient effort and poor motivation. Also teachers’ qualification and experience affect academic performance of students in home economics. Lack of fund, inadequate teaching experience of teachers, lack of teaching aids or instructional materials, lack of qualified teachers and unavailability of current text-books in Home economics have been revealed as the causes of poor academic performance of students in Home economics.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Home economics education subjects ought to attract many students because of its laudable importance but reverse has been the case. The reason for this probably is due to people’s perception that it does not require specialized kind of training. People are ignorant of the importance of the Home economics not knowingthat studying or taking courses in it can help male and female students receive formation which will help them work solution to problems.

The performance of secondary schools’ students in Asaba Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria has been a subject of controversy. Many people are of the opinions that the performancesisimproving while others are of the opinion that the performances of Junior Secondary School students have been woeful. The problem of this study, therefore, was to determine whether or not any significance differences exist between the performance levels of junior secondary schools’ students in Asaba Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria.


1.3 Research Questions

The following are some of the questions which this study intends to answer:

  1. What is the level of performance of junior secondary school students in Asaba Local Government Area in Home economics?
  2. What is the prevalence of students’ academic performance in Home economics in Asaba Local Government Area?
  3. What are the reasons for the unstable performance of students in Home economics subject?

1.4 Objectives of the Study

The broad objective of this study is to examine whether there is difference between the performance levels of junior secondary schools’ students in Asaba Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. The specific objective included:

  1. To examine the level of performance of junior secondary school students in Asaba Local Government Area in Home economics
  2. To establish the prevalence of students’ academic performance in Home economics in Asaba Local Government Area
  3. To determine the reasons for the unstable performance of students in Home economics subject

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Ho1; There is no significant relationship between the attitude of students towards Home Economics and academic performance of the students.


1.6 Significance of the Study

This study is will be beneficial to students, teachers, school administrators and the government in understanding the significant contributions to Home economics to the development of the country. Home economics has an extremely important place in our educational system today. No other academic discipline incorporates in its curriculum as many pertinent life skills that will help students succeed independent of their chosen career paths. The knowledge obtained through home economics will prove valuable throughout the lifespan. It will as well contribute to body of knowledge in the areas of home economics, food and nutrition.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the comparison study of academic performance of Home economics students in junior secondary school in Asaba Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. Therefore, the study shall be limited to only the junior students of selected secondary schools in the state.


1.8 Limitation of the study

The research work faced a lot of challenges but two of the challenges were memorable. One of it is the time constraint which limited the areas covered by the researcher. Another one was that the researcher encountered a lot of difficulties in gathering information from many hotels and customers who patronize them.


1.9 Definitions of Terms

The following terms were used in the course of this study:

Academic Performance:

Scores attained in form one end of year examination.

Home economics:

Field of study that deals with the economics and management of the home and community. It deals with the relationship between individuals, families, communities, and the environment in which they live.

Secondary school:

is the next step up from primary school. Secondary schools are often called high schools in the United States. In Britain, secondary schools may be public schools, grammar schools or comprehensive schools.


Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School


Disclaimer

This research material “Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work


This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Comparative Study Of Academic Performance Of Home Economics Students In Junior Secondary School” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.