Comparative Bacteriological Analysis Of Drinking Water From Wells And Boreholes In Ombi 1, Lafia Nasarawa State

Project and Seminar Material for Environmental Science

Comparative Bacteriological Analysis Of Drinking Water From Wells And Boreholes In Ombi 1, Lafia Nasarawa State


Objectives of the Study


  1. To Assess the Bacteriological Quality of Well Water in Ombi 1

  2. To Assess the Bacteriological Quality of Borehole Water in Ombi 1

  3. To Compare the Bacteriological Contamination Levels between Well and Borehole Water

  4. To Identify Potential Sources of Bacterial Contamination in Well and Borehole Water

Research Questions


  1. What are the Bacteriological Quality of Well Water in Ombi 1?

  2. What are the Bacteriological Quality of Borehole Water in Ombi 1?

  3. What are the Bacteriological Contamination Levels between Well and Borehole Water?

  4. What are the Potential Sources of Bacterial Contamination in Well and Borehole Water?

Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • Abstract

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.3 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Literature Review

  • 2.0 Introduction
  • 2.1 Overview of Water Sources
  • 2.1.1 Wells
  • 2.3 Bacteriological Contamination in Drinking Water
  • 2.3.1 Common Pathogenic Bacteria
  • 2.3.2 Sources of Contamination
  • 2.6 Summary of Literature Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.0 Introduction
  • 3.1 Sample Collection
  • 3.1.1 Well Water Sampling
  • 3.1.2 Borehole Water Sampling
  • 3.2 Bacteriological Analysis
  • 3.2.1 Sample Preparation
  • 3.2.2 Enumeration of Total Coliforms
  • 3.2.3 Enumeration of Escherichia coli
  • 3.2.4 Heterotrophic Plate Count
  • 3.3 Identification of Bacterial Isolates
  • 3.3.1 Gram Staining
  • 3.3.2 Biochemical Tests
  • 3.3.3 Molecular Identification

Chapter Four:

Results and Discussion

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation of Results
  • 4.2.1 Bacteriological Analysis of Well Water
  • 4.2.3 Comparative Analysis
  • 4.3.1 Interpretation of Results
  • 4.3.2 Comparison With Standards
  • 4.3.3 Implications of Findings

Chapter Five:

Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.0 Introduction
  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendations
  • 5.2.1 Policy Recommendations
  • 5.2.2 Recommendations for Further Research
  • 5.3 Summary
  • References
  • Appendices
  • Appendix A
  • Appendix B

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