A Comparative Analysis Of Students Attitude And Performance In Private And Public Schools Business Studies

Project and Seminar Material for Business Education Students

A Comparative Analysis Of Students Attitude And Performance In Private And Public Schools Business Studies


Abstract


This study was carried out on a comparative analysis of students attitude and performance in private and public schools in business studies using some selected secondary schools Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State as a case study. The study is was specifically set to find out the level of students failure in both public and private secondary school, find out the factors that influence the performance of secondary school students in public and private school, and find out if there is any significant relationship between school environment and the academic performance of both private and public schools student. find out whether there is a significant difference between the study habit of public and private students in the learning of business studies, find out whether there is a significant difference between attitude of public and private students towards the learning of business studies, and find out whether there is a significant difference between the performance of public and private school students in business studies. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of business studies students of some selected secondary schools Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 229 respondents and 210 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and mean scores. While the hypotheses were tested using T-test statistical tool, SPSS v23. The result of the findings reveals that business studies is effectively thought in private schools than public schools. The study further showed that there is a significant difference between attitude of public and private students towards the learning of business studies. Therefore, it is recommended that the state government should provide teachers opportunities to attend seminars, service courses and workshops to avail them the opportunity of keeping abreast with effective and current methods of teaching to facilitate teaching in schools. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organizations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review
  • 2.4 Chapter Summary

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Learning has been so much associated with the school that some people almost think that learning goes on only in schools. This view of learning has been greatly reinforced by such reference to schools as institutions of learning and to Universities, Polytechnics and College of Education as institutions of higher learning (Okoye, 2011). There is no doubting the fact that much learning goes on in school. The school is particularly and specifically arranged so as to facilitate effective learning. Unfortunately the poor condition of our schools, particularly the secondary schools today in the nation raises a lot of anxiety. A cursory look at these school in spite of government efforts reveals schools dominated by dilapidated buildings, school void of good furniture and equipment, schools where instructional materials are either not provided or are inadequate; school that are under-staffed; schools, where teachers’ salaries and allowances are not promptly paid, schools that have not been inspected for the last 15 years; schools where there are no discipline among other things. The government, and especially the parents are very much concerned with the quality and volume of learning acquired by their children, wards and citizens as this is related to the quality and quantity of the contribution which the individual can make to his immediate family, community and the nation as a whole. (Thorndike, 2009). Several studies by Sociologist, Psychologists and Educationists showed that the type of schools a learner attends has profound influence on his academic achievement. For instance, Bibby and Peil (2009) noted that children who attended private secondary schools performed better than students in public schools. This view is also supported by Lioyd (2006) as he contended further that the public schools which saw education as good thing, tended to leave the question of educational success or failure in the hands of the public and their parents. This implies that the business of education is not taken with all the seriousness it demands in the public schools. This of course is what may be regarded as the general apathy of the citizenry to government’s owned business or property. A situation that has resulted in lackadaisical attitude of government’s workers, including teachers in the public schools tend to believe that an intelligent child would succeed automatically at school without any active assistance coming from them.
The overall objective in every teaching –learning interaction as usually required is to bring about harmonious development of the individual and acquisition of the desired knowledge, values and skills to enable him/her function in a particular way. The process of teaching needs to be supervised for effective teaching- learning process.

The syllabus and curriculum system must be given special care and consideration so as to achieve the desired objectives. Thus, when curriculum system is ensured in every school, there will be positive developments that will bring permanent change in the behavior of the learner signifying that learning has taken place. However, human societies differ in the way they teach their children values, norms and skills, while others impart skills in formal way, through organized system, that is a well-recognized system approved by the ministry of education. Others prefer more traditional ways in inculcating such desired values, notwithstanding the particular society in which learning takes place, and methodology used, a number of variables interact together to bring about a stable and permanent changes in behavior. Of teaching and learning are hampered. Consequently, besides the two important variables mentioned in teaching learning process, the environment in which learning takes place has to be conducive for learning. In formal learning, schools are not just a place to learn, to read and write but also receive complete education. Therefore, schools have to provide suitable environment for effective and proper development of the learner so as to acquire the desired skills, but where the school environment is deficient or lacking in the materials required for effective learning, the designed objectives could not be achieved.

In a related study carried out also in the U.S. by Braun, Jenkins and Grigg (2006), they compared the performance of students in private and public schools in both reading and mathematics involving grades 4 and 8, results showed that the private schools performed better than the public schools not only in reading and mathematics, but also in the two grades (4th & 8th) involved in the study. Overall, findings indicated that the average private school mean score was higher than the average public school mean score, and that the difference was statistically significant. However, in the study comparing students attitude and academic performance in business studies in public and private Junior Secondary School Certificate Examinations (JSSCE) in Ovia South West Local Government Council Area of Edo State, Nigeria, conducted by Igbinedion and Epumepu (2011), it was revealed that there was significant difference in students attitude and academic performance in business studies between the public and private schools from 2008 to 2011. Results further showed that the percentage performance trend of public schools were higher than those of the private both males and females. Consequent upon the discussion above, more parents and guardians who can afford it are daily withdrawing their children and wards from the public schools to the private fee-paying secondary schools despite its expensive nature even in this hard time. Many of the private schools are growing bigger and fatter at the expense of the public ones whose enrolment is daily dwindling. It is in this context that this study is set out to do a comparative analysis of students attitude and performance in private and public schools business studies.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

It is important to note that meaningful conclusions cannot be attained in every work without a defined focus. Thus, the researcher intends to find out the problems militating against effective teaching and learning of social studies in public and private schools in three different educational zones. Some of the problems are: the roles of teachers, the environment in which learning takes place, lack of supervision, lack of adequate teaching-learning materials, instructional school facilities and lack of qualified teachers. However, there has been tremendous development in the educational sector of the state. New public and private schools have been established to meet the educational demand of its citizenry (1st Ondo State Education Summit, 2004). The researcher observed that there is unimpressive of students attitude and performance in secondary school, the researcher therefore embarked on this study to find out whether there is actually any performance difference in students attitude andacademic performance in public and private schools business studies.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main objective of this study is to compare students attitude and performance in private and public schools in business studies. Specifically the study intends to:

  1. Find out whether business studies is effectively thought in private schools than public schools.
  2. Find out the factors that influence the performance of business studies students in public and private school
  3. Find out if there is any significant relationship between school environment and the academic performance of both private and public schools student.
  4. Find out whether there is a significant difference between the study habit of public and private students in the learning of business studies.
  5. Find out whether there is a significant difference between attitude of public and private students towards the learning of business studies.
  6. Find out whether there is a significant difference between the performance of public and private school students in business studies.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions will guide the researcher during the course of the research

  1. Is business studies effectively thought in private schools than public schools?
  2. What are the factors that influence the performance of business studies students in public and private school?
  3. Is there any significant relationship between school environment and the academic performance of both private and public schools student?
  4. Is there any significant difference between the study habit of public and private students in the learning of business studies?
  5. Is there any significant difference between attitude of public and private students towards the learning of business studies?
  6. Is there any significant difference between the performance of public and private school students in business studies?

1.5 Hypothesis

Ho1: There is no significant difference between the study habit of public and private students in the learning of business studies.

Ho2: There is no significant difference between attitude of public and private students towards the learning of business studies.

Ho3: There is no significant difference between the performance of public and private school students in business studies.


1.6 Significance of the Study

It is hoped that this study will provide information for parents, educators and school administrators to reflect upon various factors that help students in achieving their academic goals. In so doing, they can investigate the possibility of introducing those factors to their school, which may consequently lead to enhancing students’ educational outcomes in school This study will also be significant because the findings will stimulate parents, school managers, teachers, students and the society’s awareness on the importance of conducive learning environment the findings of the study will also assist school administrators and curriculum planners to develop strategies that would reduce negative effects of poor learning environment on academic achievement of students in primary schools.

The findings of this study shall also be useful to school proprietors, government school administrators and parents in understanding the influence of school environment on academic achievement of students in primary schools. This study will also be of importance to students themselves as it will be made known to them the effects of school environment on their academic achievement. Finally, the findings of the study will act as a reference point to other interested scholars interested in this area of research.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study is set to compare students attitude and performance in private and public schools in business studies using some selected secondary schools Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State as a case study. The study will cover business studies teachers and students in the selected secondary schools


1.8 Limitation of the Study

This research project, like all human endeavors, had some challenges that threatened to derail the study’s completion. One of the reasons is that the time allotted for this work was so limited that the researcher did not have enough time to complete the task thoroughly. During data collection, the researcher also had to put forth extra effort to understand the respondents’ interview schedules, several of whom fell into the incomprehensible age group. Also, there were financial and transportation constraints to deal with. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, interview).


1.9 Definition of Terms

Comparative:

Measured or judged by estimating the similarity or dissimilarity between one thing and another; relative.

1.10 Organizations of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the comparative analysis of students attitude and performance in private and public schools in business studies using some selected secondary schools Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on a comparative analysis of students attitude and performance in private and public schools in business studies using some selected secondary schools Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State as a case study. The study is was specifically carried out to find out whether business studies is effectively thought in private schools than public schools, find out the factors that influence the performance of business studies students in public and private school, find out if there is any significant relationship between school environment and the academic performance of both private and public schools student, find out whether there is a significant difference between the study habit of public and private students in the learning of business studies, find out whether there is a significant difference between attitude of public and private students towards the learning of business studies, and find out whether there is a significant difference between the performance of public and private school students in business studies.
The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 210 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are business studies teachers and students of some selected secondary schools Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State.


5.3 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. Business studies is effectively thought in private schools than public schools.
  2. The factors that influence the performance of business studies students in public and private school include; poor’ learning skills, parental background, peer influence, lack of qualified teacher’, and poor availability of learning infrastructure.
  3. There is a significant relationship between school environment and the academic performance of both private and public schools student.
  4. There is a significant difference between the study habit of public and private students in the learning of business studies.
  5. There is a significant difference between attitude of public and private students towards the learning of business studies.
  6. There is a significant difference between the performance of public and private school students in business studies.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. The state government should provide teachers opportunities to attend seminars, service courses and workshops to avail them the opportunity of keeping abreast with effective and current methods of teaching to facilitate teaching in schools.
  2. Qualified teachers with NCE, BSc (ed) must be employed to teach in schools.
  3. The salary of teachers should be enhanced and allowances paid promptly to encourage and motivate them to work hard.
  4. The use of internet and information communication technology (ICT) is strongly recommended for the teaching in Schools.
  5. Governments, private organizations and individuals concerned with the business of education should endeavor to address the obstacles hindering effective academic performance of students. This can be done by developing achievement motivation in students through achievement motivation training.

A Comparative Analysis Of Students Attitude And Performance In Private And Public Schools Business Studies


Project Material Download


₦5,000


The Complete Material will be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make a Mobile Transfer or POS Payment of ₦5,000 to any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current
Zenith BankAccount No.: 1225513212
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card ($30)
GHANA – Make Payment of 100 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  • Payment Details
  • Email Address 
  • A Comparative Analysis Of Students Attitude And Performance In Private And Public Schools Business Studies

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To Your Email Address After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply

 


  Contact Our Help Desk


⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “A Comparative Analysis Of Students Attitude And Performance In Private And Public Schools Business Studies” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “A Comparative Analysis Of Students Attitude And Performance In Private And Public Schools Business Studies” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.