A Comparative Analysis Of The Problems Facing Private Televisions And Government Televisions In The Dissemination Of Information In Nigeria
The problems which face both private and government owner television stations have always been a concern to both public and media experts,
This work is aimed at providing answers to questions asked while accomplishing.
The objectives written in the first chapter of the work.
This work is divided into five chapters.
- Chapter one gives the background of the study and frame work upon which research is built.
- The second chapter centers on literature review.
- The third chapter concerns the general methodology that guided the research,
- The fourth chapter covers data presentation, analysis and interpretation,
- The fifth chapter which is the last devoted to summary of the work, conclusion, reached and recommendations for policy and further research,
In this work, all the various problems confronting both private and government owned televisions were looked at.
In this work, survey research method was used because it is suitable to our objective.
The questionnaire was distributed randomly to workers of MINAJ Television and NTA at Owerri,
1.1 Background of the Study
Though both private and government owned television are established for the purposes of dissemination of information to their guidance, yet they are confronted with some problems.
These problems range from their ownership to management, which no doubt have affected both polices and operations, finance case studies.
Both of the media houses utilize electronic magnetic waves in reading divisive audience but by comparative analysis, the factors of ownership and media policy differ them in terms of styles, objectives, operations etc.
In this circumstance, comparative analysis of the researcher is based on case studies of both minaj television Obosi, a private television and that of NTA Channel 12 Owerri a government owned television house.
We shall look at the history of Television stations in Nigeria and specifically the problems facing the two.
Television was this introduced by the defunct Western Region Government in 1959, which was then known as Western Nigeria Broadcasting the Federal Government.
At present Nigeria has well over 30 Television stations. The MINAJ Television was established in 1994 while NTA Owerri was established 2003, According to the book mass media purpose, principles and practices written by BEN AGBO AND NKEM FAB-UKOZOR, say that the coverage of Television is limited to the urban centers which in effect indicate that the audience for television come from the towns.
There is evidence in this paper that television broadcasting in Nigeria was not people- oriented but a policy toll and propaganda but at present, some fairness, balance can be observed in some especially the privately owned ones.
1.2 Statement of Research Problem
Both Government owned and private television stations are of immense importance to the society minding the roles which they play accordingly information, education and entertainment.
Taking cognizance of the fact that there is growth of advertising and there is privatization of the broadcast media.
The Television broadcasting are sure to greatly influence the lives of Nigerians positively and of course negatively,
In this regard, we shall attempt to make comparative analysis on both privately owned and government owned television station, with a focus on problems facing them.
1.3 Objective of the Study
It is the objective of this paper to make comparative analysis on the problem facing with private and government owned Television station.
It is also to proffer solutions to such problems
Another objective of this study is also to determine the historical evolution and development of broadcasting in Nigeria.
1.4 Significance of the Study
This study will help us determine the factors which constitute problems to both private and government television broadcasting stations and also to know the extent with which the problems have reached and the study will also suggest solutions to the problems.
As a result of the fact that the organization might not have time and also the resources both manpower and other wise to research into this topic, this very work would therefore, present a comprehensive and factual information or knowledge of their operations in the state. By acknowledging the facts put up more efforts to improve or automatically correcting the problems existing in the station
On the other hand, as a station owned and finance by the government and private, a knowledge of the station’s problems is a step towards solving it.
The public in general will benefit from the findings of this research and the solutions if implemented by the management of government and private television station, their conditions and level of service will improve and the public will have cause to enjoy and identify with the station the more especially students of mass communication will always find this work valuable as it serve as a reference materials for them.
1.5 Research Questions
In this regard, the research was conducted in two various stations government and private owned.
The following were asked during the interview
- What are the problems of information dissemination facing MINAJ Television
- What are the problems facing NTA Channel 12 Owerri in the cause of dissemination of information.
- What are the distinguishing factors between management of government owned television stations and the private television stations.
1.6 Research Hypotheses
- Hi: Government and private television has problems that hamper their dissemination of information in Nigeria
Ho: Government and private television do not have problems that hamper their dissemination of information in Nigeria
- H2: Information disseminated through private television station are more objectives than these disseminated through government owned Television station, owing to nature of finance, and control.
- H3: Private Television studies offer greater opportunities to the political class for political campaigns than the government owned television studio since the later sects its clines based on for political interests.
Ho: Private Television studies do not offer greater opportunities to the political class for political campaigns than the government owned television studio since the later selects its clients based on for political interests.
- H4: Journalists under private Television studies are more versatile and aggressive than these under the employ of Government owned television studios.
Ho: Journalists under private Television studies are not more versatile and aggressive than those under the employ of government owned television studios.
1.6 Conceptual and Operational Definition
A. Comparative Analysis
Characterized by systematic examination of something by analyzing on similamties and dissimilarities
systematic examination of the likeness and dissimilates of the problems of both private and government television stations
B. Media Preference
The liking for private Television rather than government owned Television.
The level of liking for private television rather than government owned, television by the Nigeria viewing audience respectively.
That both private and government owned Television have the fundamental role of disseminating information to the public.
That because of the way and manner the Television stations are established that the ownership and established that the ownership and editorial policies differ.
That both private and government owned Televisions are confronted by problems raging from their different patterns of finance, control and recruitment.
1.8 Limitation of the Study
In a study of this nature, many problems are always encountered.
This study is limited to NTA channel 12, Owerri and MINAJ Television stations, Obos;.
Some of my major handicap were financed, Time and energy and other reasons, that make in impossible to cover other television stations finance is a serious constraints to me. I could not get to certain areas to sample opinions. Irrespective of all this, I still manage to pick certain individuals from these areas who are living in the state capitals.
This was purportedly done to enable me obtain a balance and a reliable opinions from all the zones in the state.
Besides Time and energy could not allow me the opportunity to visit some of the department in government and private owned Television station at least to get their views and ideas on the research topic. As a result of lack of time were unable to exhaust my questionnaire from my respondent.
But all said and done, it was not an easy task
Summary and Recommendations
In comprising the problems of the two Television studios in terms of dissemination of information and also following the respondents to the questionnaires it has been categories as thus:
1) Economic / Financial Problem:-
In this case my research has indicated that the private Televisions has less problems in terms of economic/financial problem.
This is on the ground that the private television will always manage its fund and resources effectively well in order to sustain its operations quite unlike the case of government Television which are often controlled by politicians whose interest are to siphon the fund meant for the operations of government television.
The aspect is in terms of material/technical problems, this where the purchase and maintenance of transmission equipment come in. respondents have in majority said in government Television studies such equipment are not usually maintained.
When fund is released for such equipment. They are also usually siphoned by the Board and management.
The research has its finding that private Television management go for the best of such equipment and develop maintenance culture so that they would last for their operations.
They are aware that break in transmission or technical hitches and poor transportation may lead to their losing their reporters, viewers and advertisements.
The other comparing aspect is the managerial/ labour problem which the research also favour private televisions as better in the sense that, they usually employ the best hands so that they can apply their skill to the company.
In the case of government television studios, the government will always fix their own people as workers irrespective of their lack of professionalism and skill.
Minaj Television was used as a case of study.
To minimize problems as they concern dissemination of information in both private and government televisions that research recommends checks and balances by the Nigeria communication commission.
These checks by the (NCC) will help regulate the activities of both Television houses.
Again governments should stop appointing politicians as board members of their Television houses, but should appoint media professional instead.
Job security should be legally guaranteed in both stations even as the transmission and other technical materials should be supervised by Nigeria Communication Commission.
5.3 Suggestions for Futher Study
A project of this nature cannot be done without certain c onstrans and limitation. As a result of time factors, certain areas expected to have been included into this work were left out because of time and money.
I therefore in this background, suggest that the following areas will serve as the bases for further research.
There should be a workable formula to address the ever increasing conflict and hostility between the government and private television. This will help ensure adequate between the government and private owned television.
Finally, in my opinion, I suggest that the issue of the government and private television, and a campaign towards private and government Television.
This will go a long way in solving the problems of one sided information received from government and private owned Television.
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