A Comparative Analysis Of Educational Facilities In Private And Public Primary Schools

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

A Comparative Analysis Of Educational Facilities In Private And Public Primary Schools


Abstract


The objective of this study is focused on comparative analysis of educational facilities in private and public primary school using Dekina Kogi State as case study. The study will further discuss  whether there is any significant difference in the level educational facilitates in private and public school. It will identify the impact of poor availability of school facilities on the pupils learning outcome and establish whether educational facilities had an impact on pupils academic achievement. Survey research design was adopted for the study and with the aid of convenient sampling method, the researcher selected One hundred and fifty participant who are pupil, staff and management in private and public primary school Dekina as the respondent of the study. Well structured questionnaire was issued to the 147 respondent of which total of 141 responses were retrieved and validated for the study. Data was analyzed in frequencies and tables using simple percentage, mean and standard deviation. Hypothesis test was conducted using T-test Square statistical tool. Findings of the study concludes that there is a significant difference in the level educational facilitates in private and public school. The study among others recommends that The government should ensure enough useful facilities are provided. School inspectors to inspect schools in order to access the extent of facilities of implementation of the school curriculum and make useful suggestions for improvement where necessary. For private school management the required quantity and quality of facilities that will enhance learning should be provided.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Review of concepts
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Review of Empirical studies

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Descriptive Statistics

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Education may be viewed as a long-term life process that begins at birth and continues until death; this definition says that education begins when a kid is born and continues until death. Adeyinka (1971) describes education as the process of passing a society’s culture from one generation to the next, in which the senior members of a community raise the younger members. Furthermore, the UNESCO International Standard Classification of Education describes education as “structured and standard communication meant to promote learning.” Surprisingly, the existence of all school amenities allows students to study more successfully and work more energetically in a comfortable environment. The aspects that play a vital influence in the improvement of students’ learning accomplishments include facilities. All educational facilities must be provided in order for students’ learning to be tangible, better, and based on real-world experiences.

According to Adetoro (1995), educational facilities are also facilities or resources that are utilized to carry out any activity or achieve work. According to Ndagi (1995), educational facilities are the whole input into the education system. They are the items that are utilized directly or indirectly to assist, facilitate, influence, and encourage the mission and knowledge acquisition. Adolade (1986) defines educational facilities as media-based instructional resources, tools, or equipment that enhance learning in the classroom. The term “facilities” refers to instructional resources such as items, things, or instruments of analysis (concrete or non-concrete), as well as the instructors’ building, that are used as aids to learning the information being taught.

Educational facilities are utilized to enhance successful teaching and learning. There is a requirement for adequate educational facilities in such private and public primary schools for the efficient operation of any educational system. Private primary schools’ educational facilities should not be confined to a single topic; they should cover all areas of subject and instruction, whereas public primary schools’ educational facilities should not be limited to a single subject. As a result, whether a school is public or private, educational facilities are the only means of learning in elementary school. Educational facilities aid the school in meeting its aims and objectives. It facilitates successful learning in the classroom. Educational facilities make it simpler for teachers to educate.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Learning environment is very critical when education of a child is involved. this is because effective learning cannot occur in the absence of a proper and healthy environment. Thus Bruce ((2006) has correctly identified the learning environment as a third instructor. Unfortunately, the primary education system in Nigeria has been deprived of fundamental requirements such as a lack of basic infrastructure, overcrowded classrooms, a shortage of furniture, washrooms, drinking water, and other necessities for obtaining education. The root driver of this predicament is a lack of educational funding from the government. Due to a lack of money, the quality of public schools in rural communities is deteriorating. In comparison to private schools, public primary schools do not have adequate facilities capable of encouraging schooling which make parent to prefer sending their children to private owned schools . According to Oscar (2019), public schools lack basic amenities, particularly in remote areas where there are no sitting arrangements since one-third of schools have just one or two classrooms. Because it is a crucial scenario, pupils’ morale suffers and their learning interest suffers. Samuel (2020), on the other hand, believes that the condition of private schools is very different since kids are provided with their fundamental necessities, which develops good attitudes toward studying by catering to students’ interests beyond essential abilities. It also aids in maximizing students’ individual successes and providing an environment and processes inside the school that aids pupils in achieving other goals.

Although several studies has been carried out on educational facilities in public and private schools differently, but little or no attention has been paid to comparative analysis of the two setting. Therefore, against this backdrop that this study seeks to present a comparative analysis of educational facilities in private and public primary schools.


1.2 Objectives of the Study

The broad objective of this study is to present comparative analysis of educational facilities in private and public primary schools.

Other specific objectives includes:

  1. To determine whether there is any significant difference in the level educational facilitates in private and public school?
  2. To ascertain if the discrepancies in the availability of school facilitate affect parents choice of school for their children.
  3. To identify the impact of poor availability of school facilities on the pupils learning outcome.
  4. To establish whether educational facilities had an impact on pupils academic achievement.

1.3 Research Questions

The study is guided by the following constructed derived in line with the research objective:

  1. Are there any significant difference in the level educational facilitates in private and public school?
  2. Does the discrepancies in the availability of school facilitates affect parents choice of school for their children.
  3. What is the impact of poor availability of school facilities on the pupils learning outcome?
  4. Does educational facilities have any significant impact on pupils academic achievement?

1.4 Significance of the Study

The study which is a survey of educational facilities in private and public primary schools will be useful for future government, the pupils and the country. The study also examines the contributions of educational facilities towards the contemporary education process and the development that has taken place towards accomplishing educational goals. The study is expected to be beneficial to both private and public primary schools teachers in the sense that they should be aware of the advantages and effectiveness of the educational facilities in teaching and learning process.. The study will help parents to determine better education for their children and enables the government to know their responsibilities over private and public primary schools on improvement of educational facilities.


1.5 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study boarder on a comparative analysis of educational facilities in private and public primary schools. The study will further discuss whether there is any significant difference in the level educational facilitates in private and public school. It will identify the impact of poor availability of school facilities on the pupils learning outcome and establish whether educational facilities had an impact on pupils academic achievement. The study is however delimited to primary schools in Dekina Local Government in Kogi State.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing that it is a new discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size covering only selected primary schools in Dekina Local Government in Kogi State. Thus findings of this study cannot be used for generalization for other primary schools in other states within Nigeria. Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work will impede maximum devotion to the research. Howbeit, despite the constraint encountered during the research, all factors were downplayed in other to give the best and make the research successful.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Education:

Is a life long process which starts from cradle to grave

Educational Facilities:

These are the materials used in public and private primary school to facilitate for effective teaching and learning.

Private Schools:

These are schools owned by individual

Public Schools:

These are schools owned by the government.

Primary School:

This is the elementary level of education where a school for children between the ages of about five and eleven are taught.

Teacher:

This is a person who impacts knowledge, skill to less experience person.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

The objective of this study is focused on comparative analysis of educational facilities in private and public primary school using Dekina Kogi State as case study. The study will further discuss  whether there is any significant difference in the level educational facilitates in private and public school. It will identify the impact of poor availability of school facilities on the pupils learning outcome and establish whether educational facilities had an impact on pupils academic achievement.

Survey research design was adopted for the study and with the aid of convenient sampling method, the researcher selected One hundred and fifty participant who are pupil, staff and management in private and public primary school Dekina as the respondent of the study. Well structured questionnaire was issued to the 147 respondent of which total of 141 responses were retrieved and validated for the study. Data was analyzed in frequencies and tables using simple percentage, mean and standard deviation. Hypothesis test was conducted usingT-test Square statistical tool.


5.2 Conclusion

Education is a key in human capital formation. Quality of human resources depends upon the quality of education of a country. However the problems of literacy and education ranged from low access to education, low quality and inadequate number of teachers, low morale of teachers, absence of basic infrastructures, inappropriate methods of teaching.Thus the required quantity and quality of facilities that will enhance learning should be provided by management of private schools and government for the public school as the case maybe.

From the analysis of the study, the following conclusions were drawn:

  1. There are significant difference in the level educational facilitates in private and public school
  2. The discrepancies in the availability of school facilitates affect parents choice of school for their children.
  3. The impact of poor availability of school facilities on the pupils learning outcome is negative
  4. Educational facilities has a significant   impact on pupils academic achievement.

5.3 Recommendations

The analysis of the research work has shown the great effects of lack of facilities in our educational system.

In order to have a positive change towards the provision of facilities to our schools today, the following recommendations are made to enhance a normal teaching and learning process. Three groups of people shall be considered as important in the achievement of our aims.

These are the school administration, teachers and government.

Schools Administrators
  1. The government appoints the school administrators as the sole head and leader of the school organization. He is also referred as the sole authority of the school. He executes the school curriculum. He should be cautious of his office as he controls and coordinate and also depicts the future of the school standard. Ease should be taken in appointing school administrators.
  2. Also the school administrators should departmentalize their schools into various smaller units so as to enhance easy flow of teaching and learning for the better administration process.
  3. The school administrators should be able to provide to all departmental because, the facilities provided by government should be judiciously used. Where the facilities are not adequate, the school administrators should be able to make substitute provision for them.
  4. School administrators should be good at financial matters by being creator of funds and also judicious user of funds because funds enhance objective and goals.
  5. Zonal educational officers should ensure that principals keep adequate records and reports about the administration of the school by this, check and balance will be administered.
  6. School administrators should organize fund raising events to draw attention to the areas where facilities are seriously needed.
Government
  1. The government should regularly organize job-training activities like workshops, seminars, conferences and lectures on educational administration and planning so that participants can be exposed and enlightened more about the new innovations and inventions in school administration process in order to over shadow the old and obsolete ways of school administration that are used before.
  2. Enough useful facilities should be provided. School inspectors to inspect schools in order to access the extent of facilities of implementation of the school curriculum and make useful suggestions for improvement where necessary.
  3. Government should take note on the population growth in the country for the present and future demand for education. The required quantity and quality of facilities that will enhance learning should be provided by government. Government wouldn’t have failed because facilities provided were based on Nigerian demographic data. Considering the accuracy of population will enable government provide for facilities. The higher the population the greater the facilities required.
Teachers

Akpabio (1982) sees a teacher as a person who has acquired the special skilled required for effective imparting of knowledge and is actually involved in the teaching profession. Teachers are regarded to be very vital in schools.

  1. Adequate skilled teachers in the different field should be employed to handle various areas of specialization. When teachers in training, they should be well exposed to various courses for enlightenment.
  2. Educational technology which will enable teachers to make certain teaching aids on their own and at least be able to improve on existing relevant ones, should be compulsorily taught to the teachers at their training levels. The teachers will be able to utilize the facilities provided and not complain that government did not provide such facilities.
  3. Teachers should show personal interest and manage with the little facilities present in their schools. Maintenance should be seen by teachers as part of their teaching job.

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