The Challenges Of Youth Participation In Politics And Governance, The Assessment Of  “The Not Too Young To Run Law”

Project and Seminar Material for Political Science

The Challenges Of Youth Participation In Politics And Governance, The Assessment Of  “The Not Too Young To Run Law”


Abstract


The main purpose of this study is to assess the challenges of youth participation in politics and government, the assessment of the not too young to run law. Three research questions guided the study, with one research hypothesis.

In this study, a survey research design was adopted, the population comprises all the young politicians in Uyo, Akwa Ibom state, a simple random sampling technique was used to select 200 respondents for the study and a questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Relevant literatures were reviewed which guided the objectives and methodology of this study. As result of the field study and analysis of results, the following findings were made: that the relevance of youth participation in politics and governance in the society is that it makes government policies youth friendly; they are the future of every nation; they help in making global relevance policies; they bring about economic reforms and they bring about political reforms.

It was recommended that efforts should be made to increase the level of participants of the youth in politics. Also, there should be a law to limit the amount spend on political campaign.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The concept of politics constitutes those activities which relates to the governance of a nation. It entails making decisions which affects the people of the society (Rod Hague, 2013). It also means attaining a position and exercising the power of governance over a given society or nation. It is viewed as the administration of a constitutional system of government. Governance involves exercising control over a territory or state (Mark , 2012).Consequently, Participation is considered as essential .Many institutions and government have demonstrated the need for youth participation in the political process of the nation so as to enhance youth active citizenship, inclusion, integration and effective contribution to the development of democracy and institution of governance. It is believed that this is essential to build a prosperous and developed nation. But, the changing political, cultural and economic realities have greatly affected the active participation of youths in politics and governance. Many youths are disengaging from democratic and civic activities and concentrating more on professional careers. According to reports,73% of youth who are eligible are restrained from running for political offices; thereby affecting the number of youth holding political appointments. In Nigeria, the ‘not too young to run bill’ was institute to provide inclusion for youths in the political governance of the nation. But the bill is yet to gain popular recognition and implementation. The study seek to appraise the challenges of youth in politics and governance; the assessment of “the not too young to run law”.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The concept of youth involvement in politics and governance has consistently gain attention in view of the role of youth in the development of the society. Many youths have been found to be involved in politically processes but not elected into public offices. This has greatly affected the participation of youths in the political process. Participation is considered as essential but, the changing political, cultural and economic realities have greatly affected the active participation of youths in politics and governance. Many youth are disengaging from democratic and civic activities and concentrating more on professional careers. According to reports 73% of youth who are eligible are restrained from running for political offices thereby affecting the number of youth holding political appointments. The institution of the bill of ‘not too young to run law” has not been widely recognized and implemented. Hence, the need to popularizes the bill. This bill provides the age for the House of Representatives to be from 30 years to 25 years and 35 years to 40 years for Senate. However, that of the president to be 40 years. Therefore, the problem confronting the study is to determine the challenges of youth participation in politics and governance, the assessment of the “the not too young to run law”.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objectives of the study is to appraise the challenges of youth participation in politics and governance; the assessment of “the not too young to run law”. The specific objectives of the study include:

  1. To investigate the relevance of youth participation in politics and governance in the society.
  2. To find out the challenge of youth participation in politics and governance.
  3. To identify the nature and significance of “the not too young to run law”.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the relevance of youth participation in politics and governance in the society?
  2. What is the challenge of youth participation in politics and governance?
  3. What is the nature and significance of “the not too young to run law”?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Ho: There are no significant impacts of the not too young to run law on Nigeria youth participation in politics.

Ha: There are significant impacts of the not too young to run law on Nigeria youth participation in politics.


1.6 Significance of the Study

The study shall provides relevant information on the nature and significance of the “the not too young to run law”. It shall also proffer an appraisal of the relevance and challenges of youth participation in politics and governance in the society.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the appraisal of challenges of youth participation in politics and governance with the assessment of “the not too young to run law”.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

The study was confronted with financial and geographical constraints.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Political System Defined

A framework which focus on defining acceptable political methods within the state or nation.

Election Defined

A competition between different political parties for electives public office.

Political Party Defined

This is a political organization which aims to seek and control political power in government.

Youth Defined

This consist of persons within the age of 15-35 years.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

This study focused on the challenges of youth participation in politics and government, the assessment of the not too young to run law. The study was set to address three research objectives. The objectives which include:

  1. To investigate is the relevance of youth participation in politics and governance in the society.
  2. To find out the challenge of youth participation in politics and governance.
  3. To identify the nature and significance of “the not too young to run law”.

Based on the above stated objective and the study carried out, the following findings were made:

  1. That the relevance of youth participation in politics and governance in the society is that it makes government policies youth friendly; they are the future of every nation; they help in making global relevance policies; they bring about economic reforms and they bring about political reforms.
  2. That the challenges of youth participation in politics and governance include but not limited to corruption; political violence; high cost of campaign; lack of free and fair election and political instability.
  3. That there is a positive significance of the not too young to run law.

5.2 Conclusion

The main purpose of this study is to assess the challenges of youth participation in politics and government, the assessment of the not too young to run law. Three research questions guided the study.

In this study, a survey research design was adopted, the population comprises all the young politicians in Uyo, Akwa Ibom state, a simple random sampling technique was used to select 200 respondents for the study and a questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Relevant literatures were reviewed which guided the objectives and methodology of this study. As result of the field study and analysis of results, the following findings were made:

  1. That the relevance of youth participation in politics and governance in the society is that it makes government policies youth friendly; they are the future of every nation; they help in making global relevance policies; they bring about economic reforms and they bring about political reforms.
  2. That the challenges of youth participation in politics and governance include but not limited to corruption; political violence; high cost of campaign; lack of free and fair election and political instability.
  3. That there is a positive significance of the not too young to run law.

5.3 Recommendations

Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are made:

  1. Efforts should be made to increase the level of participants of the youth in politics.
  2. There should be a law to limit the amount spend on political campaign.
  3. There should be a reduction in the level of political instability in the system.

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