Challenges Of Health Appraisal Services In Selected Primary School In Maiduguri Borno State

Medical and Health Science Project and Seminar Material

Challenges Of Health Appraisal Services In Selected Primary School In Maiduguri Borno State


Abstract


The purpose of this study was to determine the challenges of the health appraisal services provided for primary school children in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. Using the cross-sectional survey design a total of 1506 primary school children were selected from across the state as the study participants. The analysis of data collected through a 14 –item questionnaire showed that: four vital aspects of health observation (observation of mouth and teeth, nose and throat, skin, and ears) were not provided for the children; all aspects of health examination were not provided for the children; and records of the health histories of the children were not kept. These results were discussed and the study recommended that professional counselors be enlisted in the schools for a better management of school health services.

 


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title
  • Declaration
  • Approval
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background Of Study
  • 1.2 Statement Of Research Problem
  • 1.3 Aim And Objectives Of Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance Of Study
  • 1.6 Scope Of Study
  • 1.7 Limitation Of Study
  • 1.8 Definition Of Terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Conceptual Review
  • 2.2 The Basic Concepts Of Health And Health Education
  • 2.3 School Health Education Programme
  • 2.4 School-Community Cooperation
  • 2.5 Health Education/Instruction
  • 2.6 School Health Services
  • 2.7 Healthful School Living Environment
  • 2.8 Health Knowledge And Health Attitude
  • 2.9 Health Knowledge And Health Practices
  • 2.10 Health Attitude And Health Practice
  • 2.11 Health Education Outcomes
  • 2.12 Evaluating Health Education Outcomes

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population Of The Study
  • 3.3 Sample
  • 3.4 Instrument For Data Collection
  • 3.5 Method Of Data Collection
  • 3.6 Data Analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Results And Discussion

  • 4.1 Results
  • 4.2 Discussion

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation

  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendation
  • References

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

In Nigeria, the provision of health services for the citizenry is accorded a priority status by the national government. Every year, huge sums of money are allocated to the health sector. In particular, considerable effort is directed at combating childhood diseases. Thus, the National Programme on Immunization (NPI), a programme of immunization against deadly communicable diseases is substantially funded by the national government. The national government’s focus on children is understandable against the background that the children of today are the adults of tomorrow and that a healthy citizenry is an asset to the nation. Today, most of these children are of primary school age, and many of them indeed, have unhindered access to school (UNICEF Nigeria, 2004). It is the contention of health professionals, educators and social workers that the provision of school health services is a cost effective ways of meeting the health needs of children (Nakajima, 1992). Therefore, it is a welcome development for the Nigeria government to have made specific provisions for the rendering of health services in all schools in the federation, as enunciated in its policy document (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1998).

School health services refer to the health-care delivery system that is operational within a school or college. The services aim at promoting and maintaining the health of school children so as to give them a good start in life. In addition, the services seek to enable children benefit optimally from their school learning experiences (Okafor, 1991; Ezedum, 2003). Health appraisal is a major component of health services. Health appraisal according to Ogbuji (2003), is that aspect of health services which concerns itself with evaluating the health of an individual objectively. Health appraisal dovetails into three specific activities, each of which is related to the others. The activities are health observation (which involves physical inspection of the physiology and behaviours of children), health examination (which involves screening tests or medical diagnoses), and health records (which involves the keeping of records of the health histories of the children).

Health appraisal is of benefit to school health programme in a number of ways. First, it affords the school authorities the opportunity to detect signs and symptoms of common diseases as well as signs of emotional disturbances that could impede the learning activities of school children. Besides, health appraisal helps in providing information to parents and school personnel on the health status of school children (Cornacchia, Olsen & Nickerson, 1991).


1.2 Statement Of Research Problem

There have been attempts at investigating the provision of school health services in Nigeria schools, with a view of ascertaining whether the lofty ideals that informed the setting up of the services are being realized. The status of school health services is usually determined through an examination of the health appraisal services that are provided. This is understandably so, because appraisal or diagnosis precedes prescription or treatment. In their studies, (Nwana, 1982, 1988, Imoge 1987, Okafor, 1991) reported large scale deficiencies in the provision of school health services in both primary and secondary schools. This is not the case with Maiduguri LGA; some of the problem identified that may be affecting the flexibility in the distribution of health appraisal services in this area may be as result of: lack of good roads poor infrastructural facilities and high level of illiteracy


1.3 Aim And Objectives Of Study

The main aim of the research work is to determine the challenges of health appraisal services in some selected primary schools in Maiduguri LGA, Borno State. Other specific objectives of the study are:

  1. To ascertain the status of health observation services provided for primary school children in Maiduguri LGA, Borno State
  2. To ascertain the status of health examination services provided for primary school children in Maiduguri LGA, Borno State
  3. To evaluate the status of record keeping of the health histories of primary school children in Maiduguri LGA, Borno State

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions guided the study;

  1. What is the status of health observation services provided for primary school children in Maiduguri LGA, Borno State?
  2. What is the status of health examination services provided for primary school children in Maiduguri LGA, Borno State?
  3. What is the status of record keeping of the health histories of primary school children in Maiduguri LGA, Borno State?

1.5 Significance Of Study

The study on the challenges of health appraisal services in some selected primary school will be of immense benefit to the entire Guyuk L.G.A., the State, the federal government and other researchers that desire to carry out similar research on the above topic as the findings of the study will educate the above population on health appraisal services, the challenges faced by the health center in Nigeria and the way forward. Finally the study will contribute to the body of existing literature and knowledge in this field of study and provide a basis for further research


1.6 Scope Of Study

The study on the challenges of health appraisal services in some selected primary school is limited to primary schools in Maiduguri LGA, Borno State.


1.7 Limitation Of Study

Financial constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Health appraisal:

This refers to a series of procedures to assess or determine the health status of the students through the use of teacher’s observations, screening tests, health histories or medical records, medical and dental inspections and psychological tests.


Chapter Five


5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

The findings of this study suggest that there is a general neglect of school health services. The reason for this inadequate state of affairs could be that no particular school personnel are specifically detailed to take responsibility for the provision of school health services. Every teacher does whatever she thinks should be done at a particular time, and that is all. School health services should not be handled haphazardly. It is the contention of this author that the purpose of school health services would be better served if it is rendered under the portfolio of the school counselor. The counselor’s training and job schedule places him in a vantage position to enlist the services of other school personnel to render health services to school children.


5.2 Recommendation

The following recommendations were made;

  1. First, the implication of all these is for teachers, counselors and primary schools to assume full responsibilities for the provision of health services in their schools.
  2. Secondly, for the teachers, counselors and primary schools should acquaint themselves thoroughly with the fundamentals of school health services.
  3. Lastly, this study recommends the recruitment and posting of professional teachers and counselors to all schools within the state.

Challenges Of Health Appraisal Services In Selected Primary School In Maiduguri Borno State


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Challenges Of Health Appraisal Services In Selected Primary School In Maiduguri Borno State

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “Challenges Of Health Appraisal Services In Selected Primary School In Maiduguri Borno State” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Challenges Of Health Appraisal Services In Selected Primary School In Maiduguri Borno State” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.