The Challenges Confronting Operators Of Private Primary And Secondary Schools In Some Selected Schools In Sagbama LGA Of Bayelsa State

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

The Challenges Confronting Operators Of Private Primary And Secondary Schools In Some Selected Schools In Sagbama LGA Of Bayelsa State


Abstract


This study was intended to assess the challenges confronting operators of private primary and secondary schools in sagbamaLGA,Bayelsa state. This study was guided by the following objectives; To highlight the challenges confronting private primary and secondary schools in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsastate.To trace the historical antecedent of private primary and secondary schools in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsastate.To analyze how lack of school facilities pose a problem in the management of private primary and secondary schools in the state.To highlight the prospect of privatization of education in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa state. The study employed the descriptive and explanatory design; questionnaires in addition to library research were applied in order to collect data. Primary and secondary data sources were used and data was analyzed using the chi square statistical tool at 5% level of significance which was presented in frequency tables and percentage. The respondents under the study were 50 staff of champion primary and secondary school sagbama, bayelsa state. The study findings revealed that there are challenges confronting private primary and secondary schools in sagbamabayelsa state; Based on the findings from the study, efforts should be made by the Nigerian government and stakeholders in assisting private primary and secondary schools in sagbamaBayelsa state.


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Declaration
  • Approval pages
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problems
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research of hypothesis
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Historical background of the case study
  • 1.8 Definition of the terms

Chapter Two:

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Theoretical framework
  • 2.2 conceptual clarification
  • 2.3 Empirical framework

Chapter Three

3.0 Methodology

  • 3.1 Research design
  • 3.2 Population of study
  • 3.3 Sample of the study
  • 3.4 Sampling techniques
  • 3.5 Method of data collection
  • 3.6 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation, Analysis and interpretation

  • 4.1 Analysis and interpretation
  • 4.2 Test of hypothesis

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Limitation of the study
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix A
  • Appendix B

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The history of private ownership in educational administration in Nigeria could be traced to the period when Western education was introduced to the country, in the 19th century. As at the time in question missionaries and churches played dominant roles towards the development and administration of education. Even, when the colonial and self-governments took over the control the significance of education towards national development made private individual, communities and even both the local and international organizations to have interest in the development of education at all level.

Thus, Ade-Ajayi (1968) opined that education is the mechanism by means of which a society generates the knowledge and skills required for its own survival and sustenance and which it transmits to future generations through the process of instruction to its youths. Society can only develop and exist decently and wisely if it ensures that its educational system is adequate, relevant and sustainable. Also, against the background of the apparent inertia of government apparatus in providing quality education for the teeming population, it becomes expedient that private initiative in education be facilitated and encouraged.

Formal education begins from nursery or pre-primary education which is the education given in day care centers and nursery schools to children aged between 0 to 6 years. It is enriched by the informal traditional upbringing given to the children of age 0 to 3 years which prepares them for school.

The government is not directly involved in the establishment of daycare centers and nursery schools. The foundation of education of the child is the preschool education which forms an integral part of his or her early education which may be formal or informal and which is given in an educational institution to children aged 3 to 5 years plus prior to their entering into the primary school (National Policy on Education, 2004). This educational level of the child provides for the physical, motor, health, nutritional, intellectual, aesthetic, emotional and social development of the pre-school child. If child education can provide these vital necessities which are fundamental in human life, it is not therefore unlikely to have an important and strong relationship with the pupils‟ performance at the primary school level and perhaps atthe secondary and tertiary levels (Nakpodia, 2003).

The Universal Basic Education Act of 2000 cites nursery education (ECE) which has to do with early education of children between ages one to five as an integral part of basic education. It represents the first important step in achieving the goals of education for all (EFA). Since it is the foundation for a life-long education, government is expected to be actively involved in providing it for the younger children. Evidence on the ground, however, has shown that parents, private individuals and religious bodies constitute the largest proprietorship of ECE, while government agencies provide a paltry 10%.

Adenipekun (2004) notes that this abysmally low government’s participation in proprietorship of daycare centers and nursery schools deny the poor, disadvantaged and marginalized groups access to ECE (Early Children Education). In fact, the nursery education which falls under pre-primary education, provides for physical, health, nutritional, intellectual, aesthetic, emotional and social development of the preschool child (Nakpodia, 2003). Primary means first and the first stage of formal education.

Primary education studies as a field of study has attracted much attention and concern from the government, educationists and parents because this primary education level is most crucial and fundamental toNigeria‟s future educational stability. It serves as the springboard and holds the key to the success or failure of the whole system of our education. Its popularity is evidenced by the launching of the universal primary education (UPE) by the federal government in 1976. Though its implementation is not without hitches, it has recorded tremendous success hence; federal government has taken various devices and means to protect this level of education. Today, the federal ministry of education has established a National Primary Education Commission (NPEC) with its headquarters in Kaduna. The state ministries of education have their own units of this board. Local government authorities also have their constituted bodies charged with the coordination of primary education matters along the state and Nigeria‟s formulated policies. Primary education studies are also becoming popular in Nigerian tertiary institutions.

A good number of Nigerian universities and colleges of education have units or departments that teach or undertake research activities related to primary education. In fact, two or four universities in Nigeria now offer courses leading to a degree in primary education. Our colleges of education are not left out in this race to improve the quality of education at the primary school level by introducing the course in their curriculum. Most of these colleges of education are of the view that every trainee teacher ought to be exposed to the content, methods, evaluations and administration of education in “the foundation years” of our school system. From these explanations, it thus seems apparent that the study of primary education has gained more attraction and interest among researchers in the Nigerian educational scene.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

One of the shortcomings of private primary and secondary education is that there are unqualified teachers who did not attain their degrees from the university, polytechnics and colleges of education. Also, private primary and secondary education is suffering from lack of finance from the state government. This contributes to the lack of basic instructional materials e.g. textbooks, well equipped libraries, and facilities which include chairs, desks and tables in private primary and secondary schools. In the primary schools, some of the pupils sit on the floor to receive lessons while others stand. Some even have to bring chairs from their homes and after school, they take them back. Some chairs do not have desks to write on, this is common in public schools.

Overcrowded classrooms are another major problem. There is not enough space for proper teaching and learning to take place and not enough ventilation. The problem is compounded by the uncontrolled enrollment of children in schools. Further problem is the mushrooming of private primary and secondary schools in the country, which could have been a solution to the problem but their fees are so much that these kinds of schools are meant for the rich only. The average or poor families cannot afford such exorbitant fees.


1.3 Objectives of the study

Against the background to the study, this study is aimed at achieving the following objectives;

  1. To highlight the challenges confronting private primary and secondary schools in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa state.
  2. To trace the historical antecedent of private primary and secondary schools in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa state.
  3. To analyze how lack of school facilities pose a problem in the management of private primary and secondary schools in the state.
  4. To highlight the prospect of privatization of education in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa state.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions were raised in the study:

  1. Are there challenges confronting private primary and secondary schools in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa state?
  2. Can the historical antecedent of private primary and secondary schools in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa state be traced?
  3. Does the lack of school facilities pose a problem in the management of private primary and secondary schools in the state?

1.4 Research hypotheses

Hypothesis 1
  • Ho: There are no challenges confronting private primary and secondary schools in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa state.
  • Hi: There are challenges confronting private primary and secondary schools in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa state.
Hypothesis 2
  • Ho: Lack of school facilities does not pose a problem in the management of private primary and secondary schools in the state.
  • Hi: Lack of school facilities poses a problem in the management of private primary and secondary schools in the state

1.5 Significance of the study

The experience over the years is that public educational institutions in Nigeria have been poorly managed and administered in terms of poor funding, low morale of teachers and inspectors,hence, the call by public-spirited individuals and educationists that a state of emergency to be declared on the Nigerian educational system. Hence, the recognition of the private ownership to help towards salvaging the problems of educational sector. In relation to this Akintayo and Oghenekowho (2008) argued that the private ownership in education could help in the attainment of the following goals:

  1. Qualitative research and development;
  2. Access to advanced educational needs for technological development;
  3. Efficiency in resource generation through partnership and cooperation;
  4. Enhanced capacity-building relevant for the needs of the economies;
  5. Moderation of university carrying capacity for observation of qualified and trainable human resources and
  6. Combating the threats of the global challenges of illiteracy, poverty, disease, war and insecurity (p.509).

1.7 Scope / Limitations of the study

This study on the challenges confronting operators of private primary and secondary schools in Bayelsa Sate, Sagbama Local Government Area to be precise.

Limitations of study
1. Financial constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

2. Time constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Challenge:

A call to someone to participate in a competitive situation or fight to decide who is superior in terms of ability or strength.

Private:

Belonging to or for the use of one particular person or group of people only.

Primary School:

A school for children between the ages of about five and eleven.

Secondary School:

It is often referred to as a high school, is a school which provides secondary education, between the ages of 11 to 19 depending on location, after primary school and before higher education.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations

5.1 Summary

The objectives of this study were;

  1. To highlight the challenges confronting private primary and secondary schools in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa state.
  2. To trace the historical antecedent of private primary and secondary schools in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa state.
  3. To analyze how lack of school facilities pose a problem in the management of private primary and secondary schools in the state.
  4. To highlight the prospect of privatization of education in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa state

Findings from the study revealed that majority of the respondents were of the opinion that lack of school facilities pose a problem in the management of primary and secondary schools and that primary and secondary schools are essential for educational development.


5.2 Conclusion

The Private school system has contributed immensely to the development of education and by extension manpower base of the country. It continues to do so even now. However, as private enterprises, most owners of Private schools have run their schools clearly as private property often paying little attention to laws governing the operations of education industry. This has presented challenges to the state in it bid to run and deliver education needed for sustainable development of the state. Clearly the state must exercise its authority over the education sector as important as it is by ensuring that the other operators in the education system share the state‘s vision, values, principles which inform the objectives of state education


5.3 Recommendations

In Licensing Private ownership and operators in the education sector, the following recommendations need to be taken into consideration, thus:

  1. Comprehensive education of prospective applicants on the Education Law, Policy on Education, Policy on Environment, Resources Management and Linkage Networking.
  2. Evidence of school premises complete with authorization from various government agencies connected with such approval.
  3. Evidence of Journal for staff recruitment process, staff development, staff conditions of service, mid and long term development plan covering facilities, plant, staff and students personnel policy.
  4. Evidence of plan of relationship with Government agencies charged with education auditing.
  5. Evidence of financial plans for ten years.
  6. Evidence of links with financial institutions/bail out plan.
  7. Proposal of merger plans/growth pole direction in the next 20 years.
  8. Social responsibility plan.
  9. Evidence of plan for Board of Governors
  10. Evidence of plan for Parent/Teacher Association (PTA)


The Challenges Confronting Operators Of Private Primary And Secondary Schools In Some Selected Schools In Sagbama LGA Of Bayelsa State


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