Capability Of Agrarian Revolution Towards Achieving Food Security In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Agricultural Economics and Extension

Capability Of Agrarian Revolution Towards Achieving Food Security In Nigeria


Abstract


In this study, our focus was on the capability of agrarian revolution towards achieving food security in Nigeria, Enugu State as case study. The study is was specifically focused on examining the effect of the agrarian revolution on food security in Nigeria; investigating on the factors affecting agricultural development in Nigeria; examining the effect of change in political administration on the achievement of agricultural revolution in Nigeria; examining the roles of agrarian revolution in the growth and development of the Nigeria economy and proffering solution to the factors affecting the effective implementation of agricultural revolution program in Nigeria.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are staff of federal and Enugu State Ministry of Agriculture. The result from this investigation proved that Agrarian revolution has significant effect on food security in Nigeria.

The result from this investigation also proved that Change in political administration has significant impact on the achievement of agricultural revolution in Nigeria.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Interpretation of Result

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Over the years the agricultural sector has been the most consistent sector contributing to the growth and development of the economy of most developing nations; in Nigeria for instance since the oil boom back in the 1970s. The federal government of Nigeria has neglected the agricultural sector of Nigeria; little or no funds have been are allocated to this sector. The over dependency in the oil sector of Nigeria has it shortcomings; when there is fluctuation in the oil price, so does the economy of Nigeria fluctuate.

The federal government of Nigeria and her team came together to reverse the ugly occurrences by attempting to begin implementing market-oriented reforms designed to diversify economic growth in 2008; although the process was reported to be slow but report claim that the nation is undergoing a state of transformation from subsistence farming to business-oriented agriculture designed to once again become a substantial portion of the nation’s GDP. The federal government of Nigeria through IFDC redemption clerks prepares vouchers for farmers in Taraba State during the 2012 Fertilizer Voucher Program as a motivating factor to enhance the consistency in the practice of agriculture.

According to Calestous Juma (2009), he stated that making agricultural sector a priority for national development could yield great benefit, he went on to say that the aim is particularly in achieving food security and reducing hunger; increasing incomes and reducing poverty level of a nation; advancing the human development agenda in health and education; and reversing environmental damage.

According to (Kydd, 2002) stated that in most developing countries, decision planners and their field workers are usually faced with the issue of how to increase and improve yield without degrading the soil and water resources; they are also faced with the problem on how to meet the production targets as regards the increase the prices of farm input costs and foreign exchange. He went on to say that the people living in the rural areas are more likely to hold a smaller part of agriculture as farmers, labourers, marketers’ transporters, and other agricultural services to households depends only on agriculture for livelihood.

The question here is why agricultural revolution? Well the truth of the matter is that food is simply the most basic need among all other necessity; the national power also depends on food. A nation with the highest level of food production to feed the citizen and for sales tends to be respected globally as they will compete favourably in the international market.

According to (fine, 1998) stated that our biological, spiritual and ethical health depends on food in various ways. It is to this regard that the researcher wishes to carry out a study on the capability of agrarian revolution towards achieving food security in Nigeria.


1.2 Statement Of Problem

What really instigated this research is due to over dependency of Nigeria on oil even as there is great fluctuation in the oil price of the country. Nigeria as a country has experienced failure in their pursuit for agricultural revolution due to political rivalry in Nigeria; which in turns developed into civil war from 1967 to 1970.

The desire to survive the onslaught of the “Biafrans” made the federal government of Nigeria under the ruler-ship of General Yakubu Gowon to search for any available means to finance the war against the Biafrans; the only way out was to increase the oil prospecting to the detriment of steady growth and development of agriculture; this continued up to the mid 60s.

According to Schafer (2002) stated that the major characteristics of the chronic and political instability among others include the following:

  1. Existence of high susceptibility to the rate of violence.
  2. Forced displacement; refugees and internally displaced people. 3. Limitation to the right of the citizens of the country.
  3. Livelihoods highly vulnerable to external shocks existence of serious poverty.

1.3 Aims And Objectives Of Study

The aim of the research work is to examine the relationship between the agrarian revolution and the achievement of food security in Nigeria. The specific aims of the research work are stated below as follows:

  1. To examine the effect of the agrarian revolution on food security in Nigeria
  2. To investigate on the factors affecting agricultural development in Nigeria
  3. To examine the effect of change in political administration on the achievement of agricultural revolution in Nigeria
  4. To examine the roles of agrarian revolution in the growth and development of the Nigeria economy
  5. To proffer solution to the factors affecting the effective implementation of agricultural revolution program in Nigeria.

1.4 Research Question

The study came up with the following research question so as to achieve the above stated objectives. The research questions are stated below as follows:

  1. What is the effect of the agrarian revolution on food security in Nigeria?
  2. What are the factors affecting agricultural development in Nigeria?
  3. What is the effect of change in political administration on the achievement of agricultural revolution in Nigeria?
  4. What are the roles of agrarian revolution in the growth and development of the Nigeria economy?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Hypothesis 1
  • H0; Agrarian revolution has no significant effect on food security in Nigeria
  • H1; Agrarian revolution has significant effect on food security in Nigeria
Hypothesis 2
  • H0; Change in political administration has no significant impact on the achievement of agricultural revolution in Nigeria
  • H1; Change in political administration has significant impact on the achievement of agricultural revolution in Nigeria

1.6 Significance Of Study

The research work will be of immense benefit to the nation and its citizens, the federal government of Nigeria, the state, the ministry of agriculture of Nigeria, the rural and the urban areas of Nigeria, the farmers, traders; the study will also be of great importance to the growth and development of Nigeria. Finally the study will assist students and other researchers that wish to carry out a similar research on the topic.


1.7 Scope Of Study

The study capability of agrarian revolution towards achieving food security in Nigeria will cover the agricultural sector of Nigeria, the performance of the agricultural sector of Nigeria, food security and the effect of agrarian revolution on food security.


1.8 Limitations Of Study

Financial Constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time Constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work


1.9 Definition Of Terms

Food Security:

Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life

Agrarian Revolution:

The Agricultural Revolution was a period of technological improvement and increased crop productivity that occurred during the 18th and early 19th centuries in Europe. In this lesson, learn the timeline, causes, effects and major inventions that spurred this shift in production.


1.10 Organizations of the Study

The chapter one consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.

The second chapter is a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter is methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter centres around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter consists of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the capability of agrarian revolution towards achieving food security in Nigeria, Enugu State as case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the capability of agrarian revolution towards achieving food security in Nigeria, Enugu State as case study. The study is was specifically focused on examining the effect of the agrarian revolution on food security in Nigeria; investigating on the factors affecting agricultural development in Nigeria; examining the effect of change in political administration on the achievement of agricultural revolution in Nigeria; examining the roles of agrarian revolution in the growth and development of the Nigeria economy and proffering solution to the factors affecting the effective implementation of agricultural revolution program in Nigeria.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are staff of federal and Enugu State Ministry of Agriculture.


5.3 Conclusions

With respect to the analysis and the findings of this study, the following conclusions emerged;

The Nigerian government has over the years formulated good agricultural policies meant to encourage food production and other economic benefits to enhance economic development but such policies have been found inefficient and ineffective since the intended results were not realized. From the research findings, some evidence were established to show that the agrarian revolution often does not take critical analysis of the social, economic, physical/environmental and political impact on the target intended beneficiaries. On the other hand, the implementation of agricultural policies is characterized with implementation problems one of which is implementation leakages.

Equally, findings showed that poor funding to agricultural policies and porgrammes affect the impact of these policies and programmes on Nigerian economy. Poor funding affects the implementation of agricultural policies in so many ways. It limits the availability of agricultural micro-credits, provisions of agricultural infrastructures in the rural communities and creates administrative incapacities to the implementing agencies. In concluding, the study make bold to state that agricultural policies can only impact significantly on Nigerian economy if the trinity of problems that affect their implemented are surmounted.


5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings of the study and taking cognizance of the importance of the subject matter under review, the researcher is inclined to make the following recommendations:

  1. Formulation stage of public policies involves identification of problems. Therefore, formulation of agricultural policies should endeavour first to identify the problems of Nigeria’s agricultural sector in areas of social, economic, environmental/physical and political problems that affect the outcome of agricultural policies in Nigeria.
  2. Also adequate assessment on social economic and environmental impact analysis of agricultural policies should be carried out before formulation. This will help in providing pragmatic solutions to the problems of agricultural sector.
  3. It is important that agricultural micro-credits be made available to farmers in order to assist them purchase necessary agricultural inputs for mechanized farming. One way of achieving this by adequate funding of the agricultural sector especially the implementing agencies such as Nigerian Agricultural and Co-operative Bank (NACB).
  4. The implementation of agricultural policies should be well monitored by both government and non-governmental agencies. This is because implementation is the most sensitive stage of the success or failure of agricultural policies and programmes. And from our research findings, there were evidence that agricultural policies record implementation leakages. This tends to create a scenario, where by unintended beneficiaries hijack the benefits of agricultural policies ad programs.
  5. There is need to strengthen the administrative capacities of the implementing agencies in order to effectively discharge their duties. Also government should ensure motivation of staff of the implementing agencies by providing incentives to them and urge them to pursue vigorously the goals and objectives of agricultural policy. One aspects of the motivation of staff of the implementing agencies should including staff training and re-training.

Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Capability Of Agrarian Revolution Towards Achieving Food Security In Nigeria

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.