Budgeting As A Tool For Management Planning And Control (A Case Study Of ABC Transport)

Project and Seminar Topics with material for Banking and Finance

Project and Seminar Topics with material for Banking and Finance


Abstract


The topic “Budgeting as a tool for management ,planning and control” was chosen by the writer to ensure that research on the effectiveness and efficiency implementation of budgeting in management decision is earned out. The primary objective of this research is to identify the concept of budget, planning and controlling the budgetary procedures , functions of mangmetn and controlling the budgetary procedures functionsof management sectors in budget preparation with companies.

The method used for data collection are both primary and secondary sources. The responses received through the various sources of data were analysed. The writer intends to discover the limiting factors of the management decision and to under take an intensive investigation on the internal control system and suggest solutions. The writer recommends that budget centers or department should be established in the organization and each department should be involved fully in the budgetary process.


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 General Background Of The Study
  • 1.2 Statement Of Problem
  • 1.3 Objective Of Study
  • 1.4 Research Question
  • 1.5 Significance Of The Study
  • 1.6 Scope Of The Study
  • 1.7 Limitation The Study
  • 1.8 Definition Of Terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Review Of Related Literature

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Nature Of Budgeting
  • 2.3 Types Of Budget
  • 2.4 Budgetary Control
  • 2.5 History Of ABC Transport Plc
  • 2.6 Function Of Budgeting And Budgetary Control In A Management Sector
  • 2.7 Factors Influencing Budget Implementation And Plan Control
  • 2.8 Some Challenges Facing Budgeting And Budgetary Control

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Sources Of Data
  • 3.4 Method Of Data Collection
  • 3.5 Population Size
  • 3.6 Techniques For Data Analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Data Presentation And Analysis

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Data Presentation
  • 4.3 Analysis Of Data
  • 4.4 Interpretation Of Result

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary , Conclusion And Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary Of Findings
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

Since the inception of organistion set up , budgeting has served as an essential tool for management , planning and control, it is not just only an accounting exercise but came as a result of growing complexity of the business environment and competition in the market place, which have made it an invaluabl management tool.

It is being said “ He who falls to plan, plans t falls “ budgeting is an integral part of planning and control. Again planning an controlling and virtually interchangeable because one can not control without planning. Therefore , planning and control is very important in a competitive profit in each years will be determined by the extent to which is establishes its objective. Develops and coordinate plan to achieve those objective and exercise control over all problems affective as activities 180 as to enable it reach or exceed those plans and take appropriate corrective action were there are variance between budgetary and actual results.

The entire process constitutes the budgeting , planning and control programme. Budget has saved as important tool to abc transport plc. It is a system of controlling costs and company performance. It includes the aspects of budgets preparation , coordinating the department and establishment of responsibilities comparing actual performance with the budget and acting upon result to achieve maximum profitability . this means , the development of a set of estimates of future cost and revenue in a forkm which will coordinate the activities of the company in accordance with selected objectives and will serve as a standard cost for lost of control.


1.1 General Background Of The Study

Budgeting as a tool of managerial , planning and control. Budget has served as an important tool to ABC transport PLC owerri. It is a system of controlling costs and company performance. It includes the aspects of budget preparation , coordinating the department aand establishment of responsibilities comparing actual performance with the budget and acting upon result to achieve maximum profitability.


1.2 Statement Of Problem

The study will work into the budgeting as a tool of managerial liason scheme, the effectiveness of internal control in budget preparation . also the usefulness of the budget as a monitor to the performace of their duty by workers. This study will also unveil budget as an instrument of planning and control in any establishment of organization .


1.3 Objective Of The Study

  1. To review and appreciate the meaning of budget
  2. To understand the procedure on budget preparation
  3. To appreciate the impact of budget in any organization
  4. To be able to identify the benfit and problem of budgeting
  5. To assess budget as a tool for management, planning and control.
  6. To vary vroius types of budget prepared by business companies and non profit making entities.

1.4 Research Questions:

Meanwhile , every researcher requires some imminent question that are channeled towards the achievement of successs in the test of hypothetical statement of the research.

The questions of the research may be as follows:

  1. What is budgetary
  2. What is planning and control
  3. What are the importance of budgetary in organization
  4. Is budgeting actually a tool for management , planning and control
  5. Does the management of the company use budget in the decision scheme?
  6. Does the internal control establish in the budge preparation make it effective.

1.5 Significance Of The Study

The significance of this research work to management in various significance is as follows.

  1. The research work will lay emphasis on the role of responsibility of management in the preparation and implementation.
  2. The study will also reveal budget as an invaluable management tool for planning and control
  3. It will show the essential and necessary process of budgetary process in an organization.
  4. As part of the overall management planning and control
  5. The essence of company budget with actual cost as well as budgeted revenue with actual will be revealed.

1.6 Scope Of The Study

The areas cover in this study includes , the background of framework of the budget planning and control . the functions of budget and responsibilities of management in budget. It will also review budgeting as a tool of planning and control with particular inference to ABC transport PLC. And factors influencing budgetary control .


1.7 Limitation Of The Study

Time:

Time is one of the constraint encountered in carrying out this study. Otherwise, more groands would have been covered.

Finance:

This was also a major constraint faced in carrying out this study . witout no doubt, the above mention factors will either directly or indirectly affect the result of this project.

Management Information:

Due to the fear of competitors , management find it difficult to release information mostly required by the researcher.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Cost:

The total amount of money that need to be spent by business.

Budget:

Is a plan quantified in monetary terms which is prepared and approved before the period of time it relates.

Budgetary Control:

Is the process who are many actual target goals are achieved.

Control:

This is the power to make decisions about how organizations goals will be achieved.

Sale Budget:

This is the most difficult functional budget to prepare. The sale budgte is usually prepared in terms of quantities then evaluated at budgeted unit price.

Cash Planning:

This is to ensure that adequate cash is available at all times to meet the operating needs of the business.

Cash Budgeting:

Show the cash receipts and payment for a given paid usually monthly , quarterly and yearly .

Basic Budget:

Is usually based on a long term plan and used as a basic for development current budgets.

Current Budget:

Is established for us, over a short period of time, usually one year but some times fees and related to current condition.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary , Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

The introduction in this project is to examine on roles , uses and important of budgeting as a tool for planning management and control. Budgeting here shows how it helps in effective and efficient decision making.
Budgeting here shows the efficient in running of the affairs of a company.


5.2 Summary Of Findings

The researcher made some interesting observation from the study of the budgeting as a tool for management , planning and control, focusing attention on two selected companies used as a case studies, analysis of findings received that budgeting is a key element in management decision scheme . that means management before making their decision will first of all estimate the cost, make comparison and then make budget for the period. In other words budgeting as I have earlier stated is per determined statement of management policy during a given period, which provides a standard for comparison with the result, actually achieved.

It was also discovered that an limiting factor of the management. Decision using budgeting as a tool is the adequate control and that a proper operating system is the only way of recording transaction finally , the analysis table shows the lack of budget discipline that is when budget is not properly followed hinders the efficiency and effective of management.

Any organization without a budget cannot serve its purpose effectively.


5.3 Conclusion

It might be concluded from the sample companies register greater percentage of success, due to their consistence in their application of budgetary procedure and control in their finance management it may however be advised that , the company’s need to pay more attention to the behavioural and motivational aspect of their budgets.


5.4 Recommendations

Having analysed , discussed and interpreted the data collected from the questionnaire served, this research work therefore recommends the following.

  1. To Affect a sound and reliable budgetary control, it is essential that there should be an efficient organization to such budget to operate effectively control is not only an accounting exercise but a tool for management at all levels.
  2. Budget centers or departments should be established in the organization and each department should be involved fully in the budgetary process

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