Biochemical Evaluation Of Avocado Pear Leaf (Persea Americana)

Project and Seminar Material for Industrial Chemistry

Biochemical Evaluation Of Avocado Pear Leaf (Persea Americana)


Chemical evaluation of Avocado Pear leaves. During the process of my research temperature for drying the sample was not high to avoid protein denature temperature between 50oc and 60oc was used. the proximate analysis which include the carbohydrate determination was 69. 65%, SD ± 0.01, the protein was 14.00%, SD ± 0.01, the crude fat was 7.3%, SD ± 0.02,the crude fibre was 3.7%, SD ± 0.04 the ash content was 5.26% ± 50 0.01, the moisture content was 59.84%, SD ± 0.02 and the caloric value was 401.11kcal. SD ± 00.1. the anti-nutrients determination includes; the hydrocyanide (HCN), which was 104.17mg/100g, SD ± 0.01, the phytate with 30.40mg/100g SD ± 0.01 the oxalate with 158.40mg/100g, SD ± 0.01, and the tannins with 1361.19mg/100g, SD ± 0.02. and also, the antioxidant vitamins determination which includes; the vitamin A and C. the Vitamin A determination was found to be 70.00mg/100g, SD ± 0.01, and vitamin C determination was reported as 832.72mg/100g, SD ± 0.01.

Keywords; Avocado leaves, Carbohydrate, Protein, Hydrocyanide, Phytate, Vitamins.

Table Of Content

  • Title page
  • Dedication i
  • Certification ii
  • Acknowledgement iii-iv
  • Abstract v
  • 1.0 Introduction 1
  • 1.1 Background information 1
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem 3
  • 1.3 Objective of the problem 3
  • 1.4 Justification of the study 4
  • 1.5 Aim and Scope of the study 4

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 Literature review 6
  • 2.1 Botanical Description 6
  • 2.2 How to make avocado leaves tea for kidney cleansing  12
  • 2.3 Phytochemistry 13
  • 2.4 Pharmacological Activity 16
  • 2.4.1 Vascorelaxant Activity 16
  • 2.4.2 Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory activity 17
  • 2.4.3 Hypotensive activity 18
  • 2.4.4 Anti convulsant effect 19
  • 2.4.5 Anti-viral activity 20
  • 2.4.6 Wound healing activity 20
  • 2.4.7 Antiulcer effect 21
  • 2.4.8 Antihepatotoxic activity 22
  • 2.4.9 Antioxidant activity 23
  • 2.4.10 Hypoglycemic activity 23
  • 2.4.11 Effect on Body weight 24

Chapter Three

  • 3.0 Collection of sample 25
  • 3.1 Determination of moisture content 27
  • 3.2 Ash content 28
  • 3.3 Determination of crude protein content 29
  • 3.4 Estimation of crude fibre content 33
  • 3.5 Carbohydrate estimation 35
  • 3.6 Caloric Value estimation 36
  • 3.7 Determination of total vitamin 36
  • 3.8 Vitamin C 37
  • 3.9 Estimation of Vitamin A 38
  • 3.10 Determination of total Oxalate 39
  • 3.11 Estimation of Tannin 41
  • 3.12 Determination of hydrocyanic Acid 42
  • 3.12 Determination of Phytic acid 43

Chapter Four

  • 4.0 Result and discussion 46
  • 4.1 Carbohydrate 47
  • 4.2 Protein 48
  • 4.3 Ash 49
  • 4.4 Fibre 49
  • 4.5 Calories content 50
  • 4.6 Lipid content 50
  • 4.7 Moisture content 51
  • 4.8 Total vitamin 52
  • 4.8.1 Vitamin A 52
  • 4.8.2 Vitamin C 53
  • 4.9 Anti-nutrient 54
  • 4.9.1 Oxalate 55
  • 4.9.2 Phytic acid 56
  • 4.9.3 Tannin 56
  • 4.9.4 Hydrocyanic acid 57
  • 4.10 Removal of anti-nutritional factor 57
  • Conclusion 58
  • Recommendation  60
  • References 61

Biochemical Evaluation Of Avocado Pear Leaf (Persea Americana)

Project Material Download

3,000 Naira

The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…

Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Biochemical Evaluation Of Avocado Pear Leaf (Persea Americana)

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply

  Contact Our Help Desk

You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search

Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria

Biochemical Evaluation Of Avocado Pear Leaf (Persea Americana)


This research material “Biochemical Evaluation Of Avocado Pear Leaf (Persea Americana)” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”. is only providing this material “Biochemical Evaluation Of Avocado Pear Leaf (Persea Americana)” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

How to defend your research work

This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Biochemical Evaluation Of Avocado Pear Leaf (Persea Americana)“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Biochemical Evaluation Of Avocado Pear Leaf (Persea Americana)” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.