Automated Passenger Loading System (A Case Study Of Chisco Transportation Company Owerri, Imo State)

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering


This project is aimed at automating i.e. computerization of the system of loading passengers using Chico Transportation Company as a case study. In our transportation Companies like chisco Transport Company, there is every need to computerize (automate) the passengers loading system.

The computerization system or process of automating helps the transportation company in general to know the exact number of passengers that will be loading into the various buses without making mistakes.

This project also has overriding objectives of identifying computer as an electronic device capable of facilitating passengers loading procedure in different transportation companies, it is also directed towards a simple analytical treatment using computer to store, update and retrieve records of passenger as compared to the manual use of files and hands.

Also computerization or automating of passenger loading system would aim at eliminating past mistake done through the use of manual method, since a successful system design would go a long way in helping the transportation company in loading up the passengers. Based on the above existing system, there is need to introduce an efficient, reliable and fast method which would aid in reducing the problems faced by passengers in the park. Among many advantages associated to these automatic systems are the following.

Improve Accuracy

The new system will produce accurate and exact output once input is fed into the system. This will eliminate the problem of duplicating work.

Improved Decision Making

Owing to the fastness and good communication link up, there is also the advantage of making quick decision and obtaining information on a more timely basis.

Improved Document Maintenance

The new system is capable of storing and maintaining of a large volume of passengers files or document without occupying unnecessary space and any document or file could be accessed any time.

Table Of Contents

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgment
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 purpose of study
  • 1.4 Scope and limitation of the study
  • 1.5 Significance of study
  • 1.6 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 literature review

Chapter Three

3.0 Research methodology

  • 3.1 System investigation
  • 3.2 An outline of interview question
  • 3.2.1 input of current system
  • 3.2.2 output from the current system
  • 3.2.3 problem of the current system
  • 3.3 System analysis
  • 3.3.1 Proposal of a new system
  • 3.3.2 Objectives of the new system
  • 3.3.3 Approach to a new system

Chapter Four

4.0 System design and implementation

  • 4.1 System design
  • 4.2 Input/output Design
  • 4.2.1 Input design
  • 4.2.2 Output forms specification
  • 4.2.3 Output medium
  • 4.3 Implication of the new system
  • 4.4 System flow chart
  • 4.5 System implementation
  • 4.5.1 Training / Education of staff
  • 4.5.2 System testing
  • 4.5.3 Change over procedure
  • 4.6 Review and maintenance
  • 4.7 System programming
  • 4.7.1 Importance of good programming method
  • 4.7.2 Programming aims

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusions and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Transportation is a very important concept involved in human life to ensure comfort and to reduce the level of stress in our daily lives. People today needs transportation to travel to their different destinations. In which these transportation companies uses manual approach to run their transportation Business. These manual approaches or loading system at the end tend to bring conflict and or even promote the level of conflict.

Hence due to these conflict and other problems an automated passenger loading system has to be introduced to promote and encourage these transportation company, and also lessen the work done manually, since a computer is been provided where each or any passenger that comes goes straight to it and enters the necessary information needed. Such information like, the fare, the passengers name. Destination, address and phone number, sex and load weight if available e.t.c.

The computer hence specifies the Bus number where the passenger goes straight to pay and sit at the sit specified to him by the computer. The automated system is just aimed at replacing the manual approach with an automated i.e. computerized method by developing software that will simply carry out these works.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem.

As a result of these manual approach, a lot of problem or negative development arises and hence an automated system is being develop to reduce these problem, and some problem are being involved in these automated loading approach includes:-

Lack Of Finance:

For these automated passengers loading system to be made complete a lot of money is involved, and lack of this money will lead to the inability to carryout these projects successfully.

Indepth Knowledge Of Computer:

For any passenger to be able to book on these automated loading system, him/her needs a little knowledge on how to operate the computer. Hence one’s ignorant on how to operate the computer tends to load to being unable to register for his journey.

Increase In Price:

Since the automated system makes use of computer, for this to be made firm a computer is needed for operation. And these tend to increase the transport fee in other to meet up with computer requirements.

Power Failure:

Since the computer uses light or electricity to carry out its operation. The failure to provide this electricity means that the computer will not carry out its operation. Hence failure in power is also another problem involved in it.

1.3 Purpose Of The Study

The purpose of these study is to provide and to promote the level of the passengers loading through the use of machine or computer instead of people doing the loading i.e. using the computer to have control that will work without the need of a person to do it.

The study is aimed at developing on designing a software on a personal computer in such a way that when a passenger enters the park. He goes to the computer and type in the following.

  1. Destination
  2. Full names
  3. Address and phone number
  4. Sex
  5. Loading if any? Yes or No

The computer haven received the various information display the bus number of the bus and specify the sit number on which the passenger would be assigned to.

1.4 Scope Of Study

The scope of these study focus on the loading system of passenger by the transportation computer just as chisco Transportation Company.

These scope is covered from developing a software that will carry out the operation with the content just as can be seen in his above in 1.3.

In the scope of this study I don’t intend to make provision for scratch card for the payment of the fee because these will make the process tedious and delay the passengers time.

In tend to stop after the payment for the fee of the traveling and the movement and location of the various buses to the passengers.

1.5 Significance Of Study

The significance of this study is to replace the manual loading system with a computerized loading process for the transportation companies.

Hence less the time wasted in the park by passengers in search of buses for their movement. Also to promote the activities of the transportation companies through computer reducing the stress and struggle of passengers and eliminates the unnecessary delay of passengers and reduce the conflict that arises in the park.

Also, it is aimed at easen the access to record since the computer automatically update every information entered in it.

1.6 Definition Of Terms


These are program that controls the operation of the computer system.


The use of computers or machines in place of people.


An electronic device which is capable of accepting data through it’s input unit and given its result through its output unit.


The use of human effort in carrying out a specific process.


Putting things in order or retrieving things.


A piece of paper given to an individual to specify payment was formally made.


A person or people whom are conveyed in a car from one place to another with the aim of making payment.

Transportation Company

A place purposely set aside for transport business.


Properties of the passengers


The process of putting people or luggages in a given system.

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Summary

This project was carried out on the topic automated passenger loading system. It basically dealt with the benefit of electronic data processing system in processing of administered data.

The finding of this study were achieved through data collected from observation, oral interview and secondary data. Some benefits foreseen as a precipitate of computerization of passenger loading system are as follows:

1. Improved Accuracy:

In the manual method of data processing (loading) documents pass through many hands and in the course of this, error or loss could occur. The automated system reduces this much hand to hand passage of data or document, hence reduces the chance of error along the line. In reality, outside human element garbage – in garbage out in the operation of the computer system. Error are almost impossible, computer has also many in built control system that detect error.

2. Speed:

The speed of data capture, operation, retrieval and handling is very fast. And this is the area where computer usage is ranked highest and the benefit here are greater than the manual methods of data collected by the loading officers.

3. Cost:

Much money is saved in automating this loading system. The cost could also be in front of time of man power required to source particular information.

5.2 Conclusion.

The manual loading procedure which exist in the current system posses a lot of problem to the system. The problems includes: difficulty in carrying out the automated procedure, in a accuracy and time consuming.
Despite these with the co-operation if people in the existing one, I believe the implementation of the new system has advantages, which includes timeless and accuracy. The new system would enhance proper analytical treatment of using computer to sort, store, load and retrieve passengers files during loading.

5.3 Recommendation

In order to achieve the objectives of the automated loading procedure of this company, the researcher makes the following recommendation.

  1. Efficient and competent officers in the field of computer should be employed for better and proper handling of the loading department, educated and it relate to the procedure.
  2. The loading section should be computerized so that information and resources can be shared through network system.
  3. The new system should be continuously monitored and appropriate research should be carried out in order to enhance a good evaluation and maintenance of the new system.

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