Automated Data Analysis Of Laboratory Test Results And Its Scientific Importance

Project and Seminar Material for Science Laboratory Technology SLT

Automated Data Analysis Of Laboratory Test Results And Its Scientific Importance


Abstract


This research work is concerned with the analysis of laboratory test results and its scientific importance. The study revealed that by analyzing the laboratory test results, the mortality rate can be reduced. From statistical observations obtained from World Health Organization, report, millions of people die from diseases like the highest being HIV/AIDS others are malaria, tuberculosis and diarrhea dating from 2001-2005. The situation can b controlled if laboratory test results are periodically taken and analyzed. This will cause the government and relevant authorities to put up necessary measures to control the spread of the diseases and to reduce the mortality rate triggered by those diseases. The scientific importance of analyzing laboratory test results has been discussed. The programming language chosen for the analysis is visual basic because of its simplification and database corrections of such samples it is also friendly to use.


Table of Contents


  • Contents Pages
  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgment
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Theoretical Background
  • 1.2 Statement of Problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Significance of Study
  • 1.5 Scope of the Study
  • 1.6 Organization of the Study
  • 1.7 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two

Literature Review

  • 2.0 Introduction
  • 2.1 Meaning and Overview of Clinical or Medical Laboratory
  • 2.2 Clinical Pathology
  • 2.3 Mortality Rates
  • 2.4 Types of Mortality Rates

Chapter Three:

System Analysis and Design

  • 3.0 Introduction
  • 3.1 Research Methodology
  • 3.2 System Analysis
  • 3.21 Analysis of the Existing System
  • 3.22 Problems of the Existing System
  • 3.23 Analysis of the Proposed System
  • 3.2.31 Advantages of Proposed System
  • 3.2.32 Disadvantages of Proposed System
  • 3.3 System Design
  • 3.3.1 Input Layout
  • 3.3.2 Output Layout
  • 3.3.3 Algorithm
  • 3.3.4 Program Flowchart

Chapter Four:

System Implementation and Documentation

  • 4.0 Introduction
  • 4.1 System Design Diagram
  • 4.2 Choice of Programming Language
  • 4.3 Analysis of Modules
  • 4.4 Programming Environment
  • 4.5 System Implementation

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.0 Introduction
  • 5.1 Constraints of the Study
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix A: Program Flowchart
  • Appendix B: Source Code
  • Appendix C: Output Format

Chapter One


Introduction

1.0 Introduction

As an authentic measure to curb mortality rate, it is important to know the diseases that contribute to increasing mortality rate. Laboratory test results provide information about the health status of individuals. With the information, it is possible to know the number of individuals that have been diagnosed positive of several form of illness that in several cases contribute to high mortality rate in societies. The following diseases bring about death and they include:

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Diarrhea
  • Tuberculosis
  • Malaria etc

So many individual’s diagnosed of any of the disease after laboratory test die of the diseases if they do not get proper medical attention. It is therefore pertinent for government to improve its measures in curbing the diseases because of the alarming rate at which they bring about increasing mortality rate.


1.1 Theoretical Background

Death and sickness has been associated with man ever since his fall. In every society, several factors bring about mortality rates, and the only way to properly know the reason for this is to analyze laboratory test results to know the percentage of the populace affected by the diseases. This move will provide relevant information to government and interested bodies to take appropriate action to curb mortality.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The problem presently faced is that a proper statistics of individuals diagnosed positive of several diseases after laboratory test is not maintained and analyzed to understand the rate at which the diseases spread and increase mortality rates.


1.3 Aim and Objective of the Study

The objective of the study is to developed a system that will be able to analyze the number of individuals diagnosed positive of the diseases under study using a bar chart in order to physically demonstrate the situation. The diseases under study are;

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Malaria
  • Tuberculosis
  • Diarrhea etc

1.4 Significance of the Study

The significance of the study is that it will provide the government and other non-governmental bodies with relevant information that will help them to know how important it is to control the spread of the diseases so as to reduce mortality rate.


1.5 Scope of the Study

This research work covers analysis of laboratory test results and its scientific importance, mortality rates and its types.


1.6 Organization of the Research

This research work is organized into five chapters as elaborate below:

  • CHAPTER ONE: This chapter is concerned with the general introduction of the research work. It presents the objectives, scope and limitation of the study together with other relevant introductory details.
  • CHAPTER TWO: This chapter handles the literature review. It states the importance scientific of analyzing laboratory test results, the concept of mortality rate and the statistics of death world wide caused by the diseases according to the world health organization report from 2001-2005.
  • CHAPTER THREE: This chapter is concerned with the research methodology; it presents the system design and the algorithm and program flowchart that solves the problem.
  • CHAPTER FOUR: This chapter deals with the system implementation. The system flow diagram is resented, the modules analyzed and the requirements for making the system operational is also stated.
  • CHAPTER FIVE: This chapter summarizes, recommends and concludes the research work.

1.7 Definition of Terms

The limitations of the study include the following:

Materials:

Few materials were found that pertain to the subject of this research work.

Time:

The time given for the research work is too short.

Finances:

The unavailability of finance to fund browsing of the internet, transportation and printing of materials also limited the research work.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.0 Introduction

This chapter focuses on summary, conclusion and recommendation. Here we shall have the summary of the entire research work from problem to implementation stages discussed. The relevant recommendations are also presented in details.


5.1 Constrains of the Study

The problems which limit or hinder this research work include:

  1. Lack of access to research materials on computation caused by scarcity of books in the public library.
  2. Unlimited time for research, coupled with other academic duties.
  3. Lack of funds to take care of transportation and other unforeseen expenses.

5.2 Summary

Laboratory test results can provide useful information about the health state of an individual as well as general populaces. Analyzing laboratory test results gives an understanding of health situation in the world and society. The spread of the disease as well as mortality rate can be controlled if the health situation is analyzed.


5.3 Conclusion

The computer system is highly useful in quickly analyzing data with accuracy. It can be applied to salvage the society of prevailing diseases that take away lives.


5.4 Recommendation

The federal government should take the issue of analyzing laboratory test results as important by setting up a body to do the analysis and periodically get reports. After the analysis, and insight of the disease(s) that affect the lives of many will be known and measures taken to curb the situation.


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